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This is a list of heads of state of Albania who have served since the Declaration of Independence of 1912.

Since the collapse of the communist regime in 1991, the head of state of Albania is the President of the Republic (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës). The President is indirectly elected to a five-year term and is limited to a maximum of two terms, as specified by the Constitution. As in most parliamentary systems, the President is now by-and-large a ceremonial office, with the Prime Minister de facto heading the executive branch.[1]

Contents

Heads of StateEdit

MonarchsEdit

No. Portrait Name Reign Royal House
  Principality of Albania (1914–1925)
1   Wilhelm of Wied
(1876–1945)
 
7 March 1914 3 September 1914 Wied-Neuwied
5 months and 27 days
  Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939)
2   Zog I
(1895–1961)
 
1 September 1928 7 April 1939 Zogu
10 years, 7 months and 6 days
  Italian Protectorate (1939–1943)
3   Vittorio Emanuele III
(1869–1947)
 
16 April 1939 8 September 1943 Savoy
4 years, 4 months and 23 days

Chairmen of the PresidiumEdit

No. Portrait Name Term in office Party
  People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1944–1991)
1   Omer Nishani
(1887–1954)
 
12 January 1946 31 July 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1948 to
Party of Labour
7 years, 6 months and 19 days
2   Haxhi Lleshi
(1913–1998)
 
1 August 1953 21 November 1982 Party of Labour
29 years, 3 months and 20 days
3 Ramiz Alia
(1925–2011)
 
22 November 1982 3 April 1992 Party of Labour
9 years, 4 months and 12 days

First SecretariesEdit

No. Portrait Name Term in office Party
  People's Socialist Republic of Albania (1944–1991)
1   Enver Hoxha
(1908–1985)
 
20 October 1944 11 April 1985 Communist Party
renamed in 1948 to
Party of Labour
40 years, 5 months and 22 days
2 Ramiz Alia
(1925–2011)
 
13 April 1985 4 May 1991 Party of Labour
6 years and 21 days

PresidentsEdit

No. Portrait Name Term in office Nominated by
  Albanian Republic (1925–1928)
1   Ahmet Zogu
(1895–1961)
 
1 February 1925 1 September 1928 Conservative Party
3 years and 7 months
  Republic of Albania (1991–present)
2 Ramiz Alia
(1925–2011)
 
30 April 1991 3 April 1992 Party of Labour
11 months and 4 days
3   Sali Berisha
(born 1944)
 
9 April 1992 24 July 1997 Democratic Party
5 years, 3 months and 15 days
4   Rexhep Meidani
(born 1944)
 
24 July 1997 24 July 2002 Socialist Party
5 years
5   Alfred Moisiu
(born 1929)
 
24 July 2002 24 July 2007 Consensual
5 years
6   Bamir Topi
(born 1957)
 
24 July 2007 24 July 2012 Democratic Party
5 years
7   Bujar Nishani
(born 1966)
 
24 July 2012 24 July 2017 Democratic Party
5 years
8   Ilir Meta
(born 1969)
 
24 July 2017 Incumbent
(Term ends on 24 July 2022)
Socialist Movement for Integration
2 years and 29 days

Acting Heads of StateEdit

No. Portrait Name Term in office Title
  Albania (1912–1914)
1   Ismail Qemali
(1844–1919)
 
28 November 1912 22 January 1914 Chairman of the Provisional Government
1 year, 1 month and 25 days
2   Fejzi Alizoti
(1874–1945)
 
22 January 1914 7 March 1914 Chairman of the Central Administration
1 month and 13 days
  Republic of Central Albania (1913–1914)
  Esat Toptani
(1863–1920)
 
12 October 1913 12 February 1914 Chairman of the Opposition Council of the Elders of Central Albania
4 months
  Principality of Albania (1914–1925)
Mustafa Ndroqi
(????–????)
23 September 1914 4 October 1914 Chairman of the First General Council
11 days
3   Esat Toptani
(1863–1920)
 
5 October 1914 24 February 1916 Chairman of the Provisional Government
1 year, 4 months and 19 days
Austro-Hungarian Command
(24 February 1916 – 28 December 1918)
4   Turhan Përmeti
(1839–1927)
 
28 December 1918 28 January 1920 Chairman of the Provisional Government
1 year and 1 month
5   Sulejman Delvina
(1884–1933)
 
28 January 1920 30 January 1920 Acting Chairman of the Provisional Government
2 days
High Council
(30 January 1920 – 31 January 1925)
6   Fan Noli
(1882–1965)
 
2 July 1924 24 December 1924 Acted in place of the High Council
5 months and 22 days
  Italian Protectorate (1939–1943)
7   Xhafer Ypi
(1880–1940)
 
9 April 1939 12 April 1939 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
3 days
8   Shefqet Vërlaci
(1877–1946)
 
12 April 1939 16 April 1939 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
4 days
  German Client State (1943–1944)
9   Ibrahim Biçaku
(1905–1977)
 
14 September 1943 20 October 1943 Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee
1 month and 6 days
10   Mehdi Frashëri
(1872–1963)
 
20 October 1943 25 October 1944 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
1 year and 5 days
  Republic of Albania (1991–present)
11 Kastriot Islami
(born 1952)
3 April 1992 6 April 1992 Speaker of the Parliament
3 days
12 Pjetër Arbnori
(1935–2006)
6 April 1992 9 April 1992 Speaker of the Parliament
3 days
13 Skënder Gjinushi
(born 1949)
24 July 1997 24 July 1997 Speaker of the Parliament
0 days

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Albania Heads of State" (PDF).

External linksEdit