Socialist Party of Albania

The Socialist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë, PS or PSSh) is a centre-left,[7][8][9] to left-wing,[7][8][9] social-democratic[10] political party in Albania.[11] It was founded on 13 June 1991.[12] The PS is an associate of the Party of European Socialists[13] and a member of the Socialist International,[14] and holds pro-European views.[15]

Socialist Party of Albania
Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë
AbbreviationPS, SP[1]
ChairmanEdi Rama[1]
Leader of the Parliamentary GroupTaulant Balla
Founded13 June 1991
Preceded byParty of Labour of Albania
HeadquartersSheshi Austria 4, 1001 Tirana
NewspaperZëri i Popullit
Youth wingEuro-Socialist Youth Forum
Membership (2021)Increase 112,000[2]
IdeologySocial democracy[1]
Pro-Europeanism[1]
Kosovo-Albania Unionism[3]
Political positionCentre-left[1] to left-wing[4][5][6]
European affiliationParty of European Socialists (associate)
International affiliationSocialist International
Colors  Purple   Magenta
SloganPër Shqipërinë që duam ("For the Albania that We Want")
National Assembly
74 / 140
Municipality
60 / 61
Website
ps.al

HistoryEdit

 
Party headquarters in Tirana

The PS' predecessor, the Party of Labour of Albania (Partia e Punës së Shqipërisë - PPSH), was formed in November 1941, and has been known as the Socialist Party (Partia Socialiste - PSSH) since 1991, when it survived in the wake of the dramatic changes that had taken place in Albania since 1989. PPSH was the Albanian Communist party under its founder and longtime leader Enver Hoxha and the only ruling party in the country since the end of World War II. Hoxha's successor Ramiz Alia was forced to introduce limited reforms in the late 1980s. On 11 December 1990, Alia announced that the PPSh had given up its monopoly of power. The PPSh won the 1991 Albanian Constitutional Assembly election, the first free elections held in the country in almost 80 years. By this time, it was no longer a Marxist–Leninist party. At an extraordinary congress on 10–13 June 1991, the PPSh voted to change its name to the PS in an effort to survive in the new system.[16]

Fatos Nano, a man from the intelligentsia, was elected the new chairman.[17] Nano helped to reform the old Communist party and made it a member of the Socialist International. A faction of the party, led by Ilir Meta, split away from the PS in 2004 and formed the Socialist Movement for Integration (Lëvizja Socialiste për Integrim, LSI).[18]

On 10 October 2005, Nano resigned as the chairman of the PS after losing the 2005 Albanian parliamentary election, and was succeeded by Edi Rama.[19] Under Rama's lead, the PS formed the Alliance for a European Albania, which united several centre-left to left-wing political parties, including PS, LSI, the Social Democratic Party of Albania (PSD), the Social Democracy Party of Albania (PDS), the Communist Party of Albania (PKSh), the Communist Party of Albania 8 November (PKSh 8 Nëntori), the Green Party of Albania (PGJ), the Reorganised Party of Labour of Albania (PPShR) and many other movements: the alliance won the 2013 Albanian parliamentary election, thus returning the Socialists to the government after 12 years.[20]

The Socialist Party, now running alone, again won the 2017 election and the 2021 election, winning 74 seats in both of them and is thus currently able to rule Albania alone, although it is externally supported by the Social Democratic Party in parliament.[21]

Political positionsEdit

In its 2013 party platform, the party has pledged to replace the flat tax with more progressive tax, and also supports universal health care.[22] Party leader Edi Rama has indicated that he supports LGBT rights in Albania.[23] The party is also pro-European, supports the accession of Albania to the European Union,[24] NATO membership,[25] and considers Kosovo "Albania's main strategic partner and ally".[26]

Party leadersEdit

No. President Born–died Term start Term end Time in office
1 Fatos Nano   (born 1952) 13 June 1991 10 October 2005 14 years, 119 days
2 Edi Rama   (born 1964) 10 October 2005 Incumbent 16 years, 229 days

Election resultsEdit

Former logosEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e "European Election Watch Albania". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Baza sukseseve të Partisë Socialiste janë: fryma, organizmi dhe lidershipi". Socialist Party of Albania. 12 June 2021. Retrieved 24 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Strategic Partnership with Kosovo". Socialist Party. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  4. ^ "AP Interview: Albania PM says opposition ruining EU chances". Associated Press. 22 June 2019. Edi Rama, also leader of the ruling left-wing Socialist Party, also told The Associated Press in an interview Friday he was determined the June 30 municipal elections would be held despite opposition unrest since mid-February.
  5. ^ "Albanian Socialists Pledge Reforms, Jobs After Election Win Confirmed". Voice of America. 27 July 2017. Albania's left-wing Socialist Party appears headed for a new governing mandate.
  6. ^ "Socialists win majority in Albania general election". Independent.ie. 27 June 2017. Albania's left-wing Socialist Party has secured a second mandate in a general election, winning a majority of seats in parliament, nearly complete results showed on Tuesday.
  7. ^ a b "Albania opposition protests again, calls for new election". CityNews Vancouver. 2 June 2019. The centre-right Democratic Party-led opposition supporters gathered Sunday at the main government building accusing centre-left Socialist Party Prime Minister Edi Rama of corruption and links to organized crime.
  8. ^ a b "Albania protests: Smoke bombs and firecrackers thrown at police as demonstrations turn violent". The Independent. 3 June 2019. Prime Minister Edi Rama has faced repeated calls to stand down in recent months over claims that his centre-left Socialist Party is corrupt and has links to organised crime.
  9. ^ a b "Will the Presence of Iran's MEK Threaten Albania's Already Shaky Stability?". World Politics Review. 18 July 2019. Rama’s center-left Socialist Party holds a majority in Parliament, while the opposition is made up of parties to his left and right.
  10. ^ Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 605. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1.
  11. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (April 2021). "Albania". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  12. ^ Elsie, Robert (2010), Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 422.
  13. ^ "Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë". Party of European Socialists. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Full list of member parties and organisations". Socialist International. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  15. ^ "The Albanian Electoral Systems since 1990" (PDF). Albanian Elections Observatory Brief (1). 19 April 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  16. ^ Elsie, pxliii
  17. ^ Nano, Rexhina. "Te jetosh kohen", pp. 230.
  18. ^ Elsie, Robert (2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 422. ISBN 978-0-8108-6188-6.
  19. ^ "Fitorja dhe sfidat e Edi Ramës" [Victory and challenges of Edi Rama] (in Albanian). BBCAlbanian.com. 10 October 2005.
  20. ^ "Violence mars Albania's general election". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2022-02-10.
  21. ^ "Elections in Albania: Preliminary results show PM Rama's party wins". N1 (in Serbian). 2021-04-26. Retrieved 2022-02-10.
  22. ^ "KUJDES SHËNDETËSOR UNIVERSAL – Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë". Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  23. ^ "Rama pret përfaqësuesit e LGBT: Po bashkëjetesës, por jo martesave". www.panorama.com.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2017-07-28.
  24. ^ "CILËSI DHE RITËM NË PROCESIN E INTEGRIMIT NË BE". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  25. ^ "RESPEKTIM I ANGAZHIMEVE NË NATO". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  26. ^ "PARTNERITET STRATEGJIK ME KOSOVËN". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  27. ^ "National results of the 2009 parliamentary election (party list)" (PDF). ShtetiWeb.org.

External linksEdit