List of fish of Hawaii

The fish species of Hawaii inhabit the Hawaiian archipelago in the central North Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia. The islands are part of the State of Hawaii, United States. The state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian Island chain, comprising hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km).

Eight main islands in the Hawaiian archipelago

At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight "main islands" are (from the northwest to southeast) Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and Hawaiʻi. The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands include many atolls, and reefs. Due to Hawaii's isolation 30% of the fish are endemic (unique to the island chain).[1]

In total the Hawaiian Islands comprise a total of 137 islands and atolls, with a total land area of 6,423.4 square miles (16,636.5 km2).[2] This archipelago and its oceans are physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania.

The climate of Hawaii is typical for a tropical area, although temperatures and humidity tend to be a bit less extreme than other tropical locales due to the constant trade winds blowing from the east.

The surrounding waters are affected by effluents generated and released from the islands themselves. Floating plastic garbage is a problem, and refuse from the Great Pacific Garbage Patch affects its beaches. Other pressures on Hawaii's fish population are its fishing industries and whaling[3] until IWC's moratorium in 1986.[4] In the last century, some commercially fished stocks have decreased by 80-85%.[5]

Due to its isolation, very few native freshwater fish species are found in Hawaii, and none are entirely restricted to freshwater (all are either anadromous, or also found in brackish and marine water in their adult stage).

The seven native fish species regularly seen in fresh water are the flagtail Kuhlia xenura, the mullet Mugil cephalus, the gobies Awaous stamineus, Lentipes concolor, Sicyopterus stimpsoni and Stenogobius hawaiiensis, and the sleeper goby Eleotris sandwicensis.[6][7] Three of the gobies, A. stamineus, L. concolor and S. stimpsoni, are famous for their ability to climb waterfalls to reach higher sections of freshwater streams.[7] Several other species have been introduced to the freshwater habitats of Hawaii and some of these are invasive.[8]

Species of fishEdit

Hawaiian language Name Common Name Genus Scientific Name Family Common Family Name Endemic
Fisher's angelfish[9] Fisher's angelfish Centropyge[2] C. fisheri[3] Pomacanthidae[10] Angelfish N
Flame angelfish[9] Flame angelfish Centropyge[4] C. loriculus[5] Pomacanthidae[10] Angelfish N
Japanese angelfish[9] Japanese angelfish Centropyge[6] C. interrupta[7] Pomacanthidae[10] Angelfish N
Masked angelfish[9] Masked angelfish Genicanthus[8] G. personatus[9] Pomacanthidae[10] Angelfish Y
Nahacky's angelfish[9] Nahacky angelfish Centropyge[10] C. nahackyi[11] Pomacanthidae[10] Angelfish Y
Whiskered boarfish (striped boarfish)[9] Whiskered boarfish Evistias[12] E. acutirostris[13] Pomacanthidae[10] Angelfish Y
Kākū[11] Barracuda Sphyraena[14] S. barracuda[15] Sphyraenidae[12] Barracuda N
Blackfin barracuda[9] Blackfin barracuda Sphyraena[16] S. qenie[17] Sphyraenidae[12] Barracuda Y
Kaweleʻā[11] Japanese barracuda Sphyraena[18] S. helleri[19] Sphyraenidae[12] Barracuda N
Deepsea moi[11] Beardfish Polymixia[20] P. berndti[21] Polymixiidae[13] Beardfish N
ʻAweoweo[14] Common bigeye Heteropriacanthus[22] H. carolinus[23] Priacanthidae[15] Bigeye N
ʻAweoweo[14] Hawaiian bigeye Priacanthus[24] P. meeki[25] Priacanthidae[15] Bigeye Y
Auweke[11] Moana kali Parupeneus[26] P. cyclostomus[27] Priacanthidae[15] Bigeye N
Pāoʻo[9] Hump-headed blenny Blenniella[28] B. gibbifrons[29] Blenniidae[16] Blenny N
Ewa fang blenny[9] Ewa fang blenny Plagiotremus[30] P. ewaensis[31] Blenniidae[16] Blenny Y
Pāoʻo[9] Gargantuan blenny Cirripectes[32] C. obscurus[33] Blenniidae[16] Blenny Y
Gosline's fang blenny[9] Gosline's fang blenny Plagiotremus[34] P. goslinei[35] Blenniidae[16] Blenny Y
Pāoʻo[9] Hawaiian zebra blenny Istiblennius[36] I. zebra[37] Blenniidae[16] Blenny Y
Mangrove blenny[9] Mangrove blenny Omobranchus[38] O. obliquus[39] Blenniidae[16] Blenny N
Pāoʻo[9] Marblehead blenny Entomacrodus[40] E. marmoratus[41] Blenniidae[16] Blenny Y
Pāoʻo[9] Scarface blenny Cirripectes[42] C. vanderbilti[43] Blenniidae[16] Blenny Y
Pāoʻo ʻ kauila[9] Spotted coral blenny Exallias[44] E. brevis[45] Blenniidae[16] Blenny N
Pāoʻo[9] Strasburg's blenny Entomacrodus[46] E. strasburgi[47] Blenniidae[16] Blenny Y
Bandit angelfish[9] Bandit angelfish Apolemichthys[48] A. arcuatus[49] Pentacerotidae[17] Boarfish N
ʻOio[11] Longjaw bonefish Albula[50] A. virgata[51] Albulidae[18] Bonefish Y
ʻOio[11] Shortjaw bonefish Albula[52] A. glossodonta[53] Albulidae[18] Bonefish N
Pahu[9] Spiny cowfish Lactoria[54] L. fornasini[55] Ostraciidae[19] Boxfish N
Moa (Pahu)[9] Spotted boxfish Ostracion[56] O. meleagris[57] Ostraciidae[19] Boxfish N
Makukana (Pahu)[9] Thornback cowfish Lactoria[58] L. diaphana[59] Ostraciidae[19] Boxfish N
Pahu[9] Whitley's boxfish Ostracion[60] O. whitleyi[61] Ostraciidae[19] Boxfish N
Lauwiliwili nukunuku ʻoiʻoi[9] Big longnose butterflyfish Forcipiger[62] F. longirostris[63] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Blacklip butterflyfish[9] Sunburst butterflyfish Chaetodon[64] C. kleinii[65] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Kīkākapu[9] Bluestripe butterflyfish Chaetodon[66] C. fremblii[67] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Chevron butterflyfish[9] Chevron butterflyfish Chaetodon[68] C. trifascialis[69] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Lauwiliwili nukunuku ʻoiʻoi[9] Yellow longnose butterflyfish Forcipiger[70] F. flavissimus[71] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Lauhau[9] Fourspot butterflyfish Chaetodon[72] C. quadrimaculatus[73] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Kīkākapu[9] Lined butterflyfish Chaetodon[74] C. lineolatus[75] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Lauwiliwili[9] Milletseed butterflyfish Chaetodon[76] C. miliaris[77] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish Y
Kīkākapu[9] Pebbled butterflyfish Chaetodon[78] C. multicinctus[79] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish Y
Kīkākapu[9] Ornate butterflyfish Chaetodon[80] C. ornatissimus[81] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Kapuhili[9] Oval butterflyfish Chaetodon[82] C. lunulatus[83] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Pennant butterflyfish[9] Schooling bannerfish Heniochus[84] H. diphreutes[85] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Pyramid butterflyfish[9] Pyramid butterflyfish Hemitaurichthys[86] H. polylepis[87] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Kīkākapu[9] Raccoon butterflyfish Chaetodon[88] C. linula[89] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Reticulated butterflyfish[9] Mailed butterflyfish Chaetodon[90] C. reticulatus[91] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Kīkākapu[9] Speckled butterflyfish Chaetodon[92] C. citrinellus[93] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Speckled butterflyfish[9] Speckled butterflyfish Chaetodon[94] C. ephippium[95] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish Y
Teardrop butterflyfish[9] Teardrop butterflyfish Chaetodon[96] C. unimaculatus[97] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Thompson's butterflyfish[9] Thompson's butterflyfish Hemitaurichthys[98] H. thompsoni[99] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Kīkākapu[9] Threadfin butterflyfish Chaetodon[100] C. auriga[101] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Tinker's butterflyfish[9] Tinker's butterflyfish Chaetodon[102] C. tinkeri[103] Chaetodontidae[20] Butterflyfish N
Viviparous brotulas[9] Viviparous brotulas Grammonus[104] G. nagaredai[105] Bythitidae[21] Bythitidae N
ʻUpāpalu[9] Bandfin cardinalfish Pristiapogon[106] P. taeniopterus[107] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes N
ʻUpāpalu[9] Bay cardinalfish Foa[108] F. brachygramma[109] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes Y
ʻUpāpalu[11] Spotted cardinalfish Apogon[110] A. maculiferus[111] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes Y
ʻUpāpalu[9] Deetsie's cardinalfish Apogon[112] A. deetsie[113] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes N
ʻUpāpalu[9] Evermann's cardinalfish Zapogon[114] Z. evermanni[115] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes N
ʻUpāpalu[9] Hawaiian ruby cardinalfish Apogon[116] A. erythrinus[117] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes Y
ʻUpāpalu[9] Hawaiian spotted cardinalfish Ostorhinchus[118] O. maculiferus[119] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes Y
ʻUpāpalu[9] Iridescent cardinalfish Pristiapogon[120] P. kallopterus[121] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes N
ʻUpāpalu[9] Transparent cardinalfish Pseudamiops[122] P. diaphanes[123] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes Y
ʻUpāpalu[9] Waikīkī cardinalfish Apogonichthys[124] A. perdix[125] Apogonidae[22] Cardinalfishes N
Agile chromis[9] Agile chromis Chromis[126] C. agilis[127] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis N
Blackfin chromis[9] Blackfin chromis Chromis[128] C. vanderbilti[129] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis N
Chocolate dip chromis[9] Chocolate dip chromis Chromis[130] C. hanui[131] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis Y
ʻāloʻiloʻi[9] Hawaiian dascyllus Dascyllus[132] D. albisella[133] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis N
Midget chromis[9] Midget chromis Chromis[134] C. acares[135] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis N
Oval chromis[9] Oval chromis Chromis[136] C. ovalis[137] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis Y
Threespot chromis[9] Threespot chromis Chromis[138] C. verater[139] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis Y
White-tail chromis[9] White-tail chromis Chromis[140] C. leucura[141] Pomacentridae[23] Chromis N
Barred conger[9] Barred conger Ariosoma[142] A. fasciatus[143] Congridae[24] Conger eel N
Puhi ūhā[9] Hawaiian conger Conger[144] C. marginatus[145] Congridae[24] Conger eel Y
Hawaiian garden eel[9] Hawaiian garden eel Gorgasia[146] G. hawaiiensis[147] Congridae[24] Conger eel Y
Large-eye conger[9] Large-eye conger Ariosoma[148] A. marginatum[149] Congridae[24] Conger eel Y
Puhiuha[11] White eel Conger[150] C. cinereus[151] Congridae[24] Conger eel N
Nūnū[11] Cornetfish Fistularia[152] F. commersonii[153] Fistulariidae[25] Cornetfish N
Hawaiian coral croucher[9] Hawaiian coral croucher Caracanthus[154] C. typicus[155] Caracanthidae[26] Croucher Y
Puhi Palahoana[9] Bearded cusk eel/Many-whiskered brotula[27] Brotula[156] B. multibarbata[157] Ophidiidae[28] Cusk eel N
Blue-eye damselfish[9] Blue-eye damselfish Plectroglyphidodon[158] P. johnstonianus[159] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish N
Bright-eye damselfish[9] Bright-eye damselfish Plectroglyphidodon[160] P. imparipennis[161] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish N
Kupīpī[11] Gray damselfish Abudefduf[162] A. sordidus[163] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish N
Hawaiian gregory[9] Hawaiian gregory Stegastes[164] S. marginatus[165] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish Y
Hawaiian rock damselfish[9] Hawaiian rock damselfish Plectroglyphidodon[166] P. sindonis[167] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish Y
Mamo[11] Hawaiian sergeant major damsel Abudefduf[168] A. abdominalis[169] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish Y
Kupīpī[9] Indo-Pacific damselfish Abudefduf[170] A. vaigiensis[171] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish N
Phoenix island damselfish[9] Phoenix island damselfish Plectroglyphidodon[172] P. phoenixensis[173] Pomacentridae[23] Damselfish N
Curious wormfish[9] Curious wormfish Gunnellichthys[174] G. curiosis[175] Microdesmidae[29] Dartfish N
Fire dartfish[9] Fire dartfish Nemateleotris[176] N. magnifica[177] Ptereleotridae[30] Dartfish N
Indigo dartfish[9] Indigo dartfish Nemateleotris[178] N. heteroptera[179] Ptereleotridae[30] Dartfish N
Mahimahi[11] Small dolphin fish Coryphaena[180] C. equisetis[181] Coryphaenidae[31] Dolphinfish N
Exclamation point dragonet[9] Exclamation point dragonet Synchiropus[182] S. corallinus[183] Callionymidae[32] Dragonet N
Fringelip dragonet[9] Fringelip dragonet Draculo[184] D. popognathus[185] Callionymidae[32] Dragonet Y
Hawaiian triplefin[9] Hawaiian triplefin Enneapterygius[186] E. atriceps[187] Tripterygiidae[33] Dragonet Y
Longtail dragonet[9] Longtail dragonet Callionymus[188] C. decoratus[189] Callionymidae[32] Dragonet N
Rosy dragonet[9] Rosy dragonet Synchiropus[190] S. rosulentus[191] Callionymidae[32] Dragonet Y
Haielepo (Hīhīmanu)[9] Spotted eagle ray Aetobatus[192] A. narinari[193] Myliobatidae[34] Eagle ray N
Nehu Encrasicholina[194] E. purpurea[195] Engraulidae[35] Anchovy Y
ʻōʻili[9] Barred filefish Cantherhines[196] C. dumerilii[197] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish N
Oilipa[11] Bluelined leather jacket Osbeckia[198] O. scripta[199] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish N
ʻōʻili ʻūwi ʻūwi[9] Hawaiian fantail filefish Pervagor[200] P. spilosoma[201] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish Y
Loulu[9] Scrawled filefish Aluterus[202] A. scriptus[203] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish N
ʻōʻili[9] Shy filefish Cantherhines[204] C. verecundus[205] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish Y
ʻōʻili lepa[9] Squaretail filefish Cantherhines[206] C. sandwichiensis[207] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish N
Unicorn filefish[9] Unicorn filefish Aluterus[208] A. monoceros[209] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish N
ʻōʻili[9] Yellowtail filefish Pervagor[210] P. aspricaudus[211] Monacanthidae[36] Filefish N
āholehole[11] Hawaiian flagtail Kuhlia[212] K. xenura[213] Kuhliidae[37] Flagtail Y
āholehole[11] Zebrahead flagtail Kuhlia[214] K. sandvicensis[215] Kuhliidae[37] Flagtail N
Malolo[11] Flyingfish Parexocroetus[216] P. brachypterus[217] Exocoetidae[38] Flying fish N
Ioloaʻu (Pinao)[9] Oriental flying gurnard Dactyloptena[218] D. orientalis[219] Dactylopteridae[39] Flying gurnards N
Commerson's frogfish[9] Commerson's frogfish Antennarius[220] A. commerson[221] Antennariidae[40] Frogfish N
Hawaiian freckled frogfish[9] Hawaiian freckled frogfish Antennarius[222] A. drombus[223] Antennariidae[40] Frogfish Y
Painted frogfish[9] Painted frogfish Antennarius[224] A. pictus[225] Antennariidae[40] Frogfish N
Retriculated frogfish[9] Retriculated frogfish Antennarius[226] A. tuberosus[227] Antennariidae[40] Frogfish N
Sargassum frogfish[9] Sargassum frogfish Histrio[228] H. histrio[229] Antennariidae[40] Frogfish N
Warty frogfish[9] Warty frogfish Antennarius[230] A. maculatus[231] Antennariidae[40] Frogfish N
Walu[11] Oilfish Ruvettus[232] R. pretiosus[233] Gempylidae[41] Gempylidae N
Weke pueo[9] Bandtail goatfish Upeneus[234] U. arge[235] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Munu Doublebar goatfish Parupeneus[236] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Munu[11] Island goatfish Parupeneus[237] P. insularis[238] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Moano[11] Manybar goatfish Parupeneus[239] P. multifasciatus[240] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Weke moelua (weke ʻula[9] Pfluger's goatfish Mulloidichthys[241] M. pfluger[242] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Moano[9] Sidespot goatfish Parupeneus[243] P. pleurostigma[244] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Wekeʻā[9] Square-spot goatfish/Yellowstripe goatfish Mulloidichthys[245] M. flavolineatus[246] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Kūmū[11] White saddle goatfish Parupeneus[247] P. porphyreus[248] Mullidae[42] Goatfish Y
White weke[9] Samoan goatfish Mulloidichthys[249] M. samoensis[250] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Wekeʻula[9] Yellowfin goatfish Mulloidichthys[251] M. vanicolensis[252] Mullidae[42] Goatfish N
Barred tide pool goby[9] Barred tidepool goby Kelloggella[253] K. oligolepis[254] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Black coral goby[9] Black coral goby Bryaninops[255] B. tigris[256] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
ʻoʻoopuʻohune[9] Cheekscaled frill goby Bayhygobius[257] B. cotticeps[258] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Cloudy goby[9] Cloudy goby Opua[259] O. nephodes[260] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
ʻoʻoopuʻohune[9] Cocos island frill goby Bayhygobius[261] B. cosoensis[262] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Divine pygmy goby[9] Divine pygmy goby Eviota[263] E. epiphanes[264] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Eyebar goby[9] Eyebar goby Gnatholepis[265] G. anjerensis[266] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Golden green goby[9] Golden green goby Priolepis[267] P. aureoviridis[268] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Gorgonian goby[9] Gorgonian goby Bryaninops[269] B. amplus[270] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Halfspotted goby[9] Halfspotted goby Asterropteryx[271] A. semipunctatus[272] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Hawaiian shrimp goby[9] Hawaiian shrimp goby Psilogobius[273] P. mainlandi[274] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Michel's ghost goby[9] Michel's ghost goby Pleurosicya[275] P. micheli[276] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Shoulderspot goby[9] Shoulderspot goby Gnatholepis[277] G. cauerensis[278] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Taylor's dwarf goby[9] Taylor's dwarf goby Trimma[279] T. taylori[280] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Twospot sand goby[9] Twospot sand goby Coryphopterus[281] C. duospilus[282] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
ʻoʻoopuʻohune[9] Whitespotted frill goby Bayhygobius[283] B. coalitus[284] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Wire coral goby[9] Wire coral goby Bryaninops[285] B. yorigei[286] Gobiidae[43] Goby N
Bicolor anthias[9] Bicolor anthias Pseudanthias[287] P. bicolor[288] Serranidae[44] Grouper N
Earle's splitfin anthias[9] Earle's splitfin anthias Luzonicthys[289] L. earlei[290] Serranidae[44] Grouper N
Elegant anthias[9] Elegant anthias Caprodon[291] C. unicolor[292] Serranidae[44] Grouper Y
Giant grouper[9] Giant grouper Epinephelus[293] E. lanceolatus[294] Serranidae[44] Grouper N
Hapuʻupuʻu[11] Hawaiian black grouper Epinephelus[295] E. quernus[296] Serranidae[44] Grouper Y
Hawaiian yellow anthias[9] Hawaiian yellow anthias Odontanthias[297] O. fuscipinnis[298] Serranidae[44] Grouper Y
Roi[9] Blue-spotted grouper Cephalopholis[299] C. argus[300] Serranidae[44] Grouper N
Sunset basslet[9] Sunset basslet Liopropoma[301] L. aurora[302] Serranidae[44] Grouper Y
Hawaiian longfin anthias[9] Sunset basslet Pseudanthias[303] P. hawaiiensis[304] Serranidae[44] Grouper Y
Thompson's anthias[9] Thompson's anthias Pseudanthias[305] P. thompsoni[306] Serranidae[44] Grouper Y
Iheihe[9] Acute halfbeak Hyporhamphus[307] H. acutus[308] Hemiramphidae[45] Halfbeak N
Iheihe[11] Halfbeak Hyporhamphus[309] H. pacificus[310] Hemiramphidae[45] Halfbeak N
Iheihe[9] Polynesian halfbeak Hyporhamphus[311] H. depauperatus[312] Hemiramphidae[45] Halfbeak N
Arc-eye hawkfish[9] Arc-eye hawkfish Paracirrhites[313] P. arcatus[314] Cirrhitidae[46] Hawkfishes N
Hilu pilikoʻa[9] Blackside hawkfish Paracirrhites[315] P. forsteri[316] Cirrhitidae[46] Hawkfishes N
Longnose hawkfish[9] Longnose hawkfish Oxycirrhites[317] O. typus[318] Cirrhitidae[46] Hawkfishes N
Pilikoʻa[9] Redbarred hawkfish Cirrhitops[319] C. fasciatus[320] Cirrhitidae[46] Hawkfishes Y
Poʻopaʻa[11] Stocky hawkfish Cirrhitus[321] C. pinnulatis[322] Cirrhitidae[46] Hawkfishes N
Twospot hawkfish[9] Twospot hawkfish Amblycirrhitus[323] A. bimacula[324] Cirrhitidae[46] Hawkfishes N
Piha[9] Delicate roundherring Spratelloides[325] S. delicatulus[326] Clupeidae[47] Herring N
Pietschmann's Infantfish[9] Pietschmann's infantfish Schindleria[327] S. pietschmanni[328] Schindleriidae[48] Infantfish N
Schindler's Infantfish[9] Schindler's infantfish Schindleria[329] S. praematura[330] Schindleriidae[48] Infantfish N
Ulua kihikihi[11] Threadfin jack Alectis[331] A. ciliaris[332] Carangidae[49] Jack N
Kāhala[11] Greater Amberjack Seriola[333] S. dumerili[334] Carangidae[49] Jack N
Ulua[9] Barred jack Carangoides[335] C. ferdau[336] Carangidae[49] Jack N
Akule (Hahalalu)[11] Bigeye scad Selar[337] S. crumenophthalmus[338] Carangidae[49] Jack N
Lai[11] Doublespotted queenfish Scomberoides[339] S. lysan[340] Carangidae[49] Jack N
Ulua[9] Island jack Carangoides[341] C. orthogrammus[342] Carangidae[49] Jack N
Ulua lāuli[11] Whitetongue jack Uraspis[343] U. helvola[344] Carangidae[49] Jack Y
Barred knifejaw[9] Barred knifejaw Oplegnathus[345] O. fasciatus[346] Oplegnathidae[50] Knifejaw N
Spotted knifejaw[9] Spotted knifejaw Oplegnathus[347] O. punctatus[348] Oplegnathidae[50] Knifejaw N
Awaʻawa[9] Ladyfish Elops[349] E. hawaiensis[350] Elopidae[51] Ladyfish N
Pakiʻi[11] Flowery flounder Bothus[351] B. mancus[352] Bothidae[52] Left-eyed flounder N
Pakiʻi[9] Hawaiian dwarf flounder Engyprosopon[353] E. hawaiiensis[354] Bothidae[52] Left-eyed flounder N
Pakiʻi[9] Panther flounder Bothus[355] B. pantherinus[356] Bothidae[52] Left-eyed flounder N
ʻulae[9] Clearfin lizardfish Synodus[357] S. ulae[358] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
ʻulae[9] Hawaiian lizardfish Synodus[359] S. dermatogenys[360] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
weleʻā[9] Nearsighted lizardfish Trachinocephalus[361] T. myops[362] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
ʻulae[9] Orangemouth lizardfish Saurida[363] S. flamma[364] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
ʻulae[9] Redmarbled lizardfish Synodus[365] S. rubromammoratus[366] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
ʻulae[9] Reef lizardfish Synodus[367] S. ulae[368] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
ʻulae[9] Slender lizardfish Saurida[369] S. gracilis[370] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
ʻulae[9] Twospot lizardfish Synodus[371] S. binotatus[372] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
ʻulae[9] Twospot lizardfish Synodus[373] S. lobeli[374] Synodontidae[53] Lizardfish N
Aʻu[11] Black marlin Makaira[375] M. indica[376] Istiophoridae[54] Marlin N
Aʻu[11] Atlantic blue marlin Makaira[377] M. nigricans[378] Istiophoridae[54] Marlin N
Aʻu lepe[11] Sailfish Istiophorus[379] I. platypterus[380] Istiophoridae[54] Marlin N
Hebe[11] Short-nosed spearfish Tetrapturus[381] T. angustirostris[382] Istiophoridae[54] Marlin N
Striped marlin[11] Striped marlin Tetrapturus[383] T. audax[384] Istiophoridae[54] Marlin N
Awa[11] Milkfish Chanos[385] C. chanos[386] Chanidae[55] Milkfish N
Makua[11] Ocean sunfish Mola[387] M. mola[388] Molidae Mola N
Opah[11] Moonfish Lampris[389] L. guttatus[390] Lampridae[56] Moonfish N
Kihikihi[9] Moorish idol Zanclus[391] Z. cornutus[392] Zanclidae[57] Moorish idol N
Puhi leihale[9] Barred moray Echidna[393] E. polyzona[394] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi kauila[9] Leopard moray Enchelycore E. pardalis[395] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi[9] Dwarf moray Gymnothorax[396] G. melatremus[397] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi[9] Giant moray Gymnothorax[398] G. javanicus[399] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi Tiger moray Uropterygius[400] U. tigrinus[27] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Large-spotted snake moray[9] Large-spotted snake moray Uropterygius[401] U. polyspilus[402] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi kāpaʻa[9] Peppered moray Gymnothorax[403] G. pictus[404] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi[9] Slendertail moray Gymnothorax[405] G. gracilicaudus[406] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi kāpā[9] Snowflake moray Echidna[407] E. nebulosa[408] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi[9] Brown speckled eel Gymnothorax[409] G. steindachneri[410] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel Y
Puhi[9] Tiger snake moray Scuticaria[411] S. tigrina[412] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi lau milo[9] Undulated moray Gymnothorax[413] G. undulatus[414] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi kauila[9] Viper moray Enchelynassa[415] E. canina[416] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi[9] Whitemargin moray Gymnothorax[417] G. albimarginatus[418] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi ʻōniʻo[9] Whitemouth moray Gymnothorax[419] G. meleagris[420] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi ʻou (Puhi ʻapo)[9] Yellowhead moray Gymnothorax[421] G. rueppelliae[422] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi[9] Yellowmouth moray Gymnothorax[423] G. nudivomer[424] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Puhi[9] Zebra moray Gymnomuraena[425] G. zebra[426] Muraenidae[58] Moray eel N
Uoauoa[11] Flat greyhead mullet Mugil[427] M. cephalus[428] Mugilidae[59] Mullet N
Uoauoa[9] Sharpnose mullet Neomyxus[429] N. leuciscus[430] Mugilidae[59] Mullet N
ʻAha[9] Crocodile needlefish Ablennes[431] A. hians[432] Belonidae[60] Needlefish N
ʻAha[9] kunt Tylosurus[433] T. crocodilus[434] Belonidae[60] Needlefish N
ʻAha[9] Keeltail needlefish Platybelone[435] P. argalus[436] Belonidae[60] Needlefish N
ʻAha[11] Needlefish Strongylura[437] S. gigantea[438] Belonidae[60] Needlefish N
Uhu[9] Bullethead parrotfish Chlorurus[439] C. spilurus[440] Scaridae[61] Parrotfishes N
Uhu pālukaluka[9] Ember parrotfish Scarus[441] S. rubroviolaceus[442] Scaridae[61] Parrotfishes N
Pōnuunuhu[11] Gaimard's parrotfish Calotomus[443] C. carolinus[444] Scaridae[61] Parrotfishes N
Uhu[9] Palenose parrotfish Scarus[445] S. psittacus[446] Scaridae[61] Parrotfishes N
Lauia[9] Regal parrotfish Scarus[447] S. dubius[448] Scaridae[61] Parrotfishes Y
Uhu[11] Spectacled parrotfish Chlorurus[449] C. perspicillatus[450] Scaridae[61] Parrotfishes N
Yellowbar parrotfish[9] Yellowbar parrotfish Calotomus[451] C. zonarchus[452] Scaridae[61] Parrotfishes Y
Cushion star pearlfish[9] Cushion star pearlfish Carapus[453] C. mourlani[454] Carapidae[62] Pearlfish N
Fowler's pearlfish[9] Fowler's pearlfish Onuxodon[455] O. fowleri[456] Carapidae[62] Pearlfish N
Ball's pipefish[9] Ball's pipefish Cosmocampus[457] C. balli[458] Syngnathidae[63] Pipefish Y
Bluestripe pipefish[9] Bluestripe pipefish Doryhamphus[459] D. excisus[460] Syngnathidae[63] Pipefish N
Edmondson's pipefish[9] Edmondson's pipefish Halicampus[461] H. edmonsoni[462] Syngnathidae[63] Pipefish Y
Fisher's seahorse[9] Fisher's seahorse Hippocampus[463] H. fisheri[464] Syngnathidae[63] Pipefish Y
Hawaiian smooth seahorse[9] Hawaiian smooth seahorse Hippocampus[465] H. kuda[466] Syngnathidae[63] Pipefish N
Redstripe pipefish[9] Redstripe pipefish Dunckerocampus[467] D. baldwini[468] Syngnathidae[63] Pipefish Y
Thorny seahorse[9] Thorny seahorse Hippocampus[469] H. histrix[470] Syngnathidae[63] Pipefish N
Pomfret[11] Pomfret Taractes[471] T. steindachneri[472] Bramidae[64] Pomfret N
Kōkala (ʻo(ʻopu kawa[9] Giant porcupinefish Diodon[473] D. hystrix[474] Diodontidae[65] Porcupinefish N
Kōkala (ʻo(ʻopu ōkala[9] Longspine porcupinefish Diodon[475] D. holocanthus[476] Diodontidae[65] Porcupinefish N
Kōkala (ʻo(ʻopu hue[9] Spotted burrfish Chilomycterus[477] C. reticulatus[478] Diodontidae[65] Porcupinefish N
Ambon toby[9] Ambon toby Canthigaster[479] C. amboinensis[480] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish N
Floral puffer[9] Floral puffer Torquigener[481] T. florealis[482] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish N
Hawaiian whitespotted toby[9] Hawaiian whitespotted toby Canthigaster[483] C. jactator[484] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish Y
Lantern toby[9] Lantern toby Canthigaster[485] C. epilampra[486] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish N
Maze toby[9] Maze toby Canthigaster[487] C. rivulata[488] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish N
Randall's puffer[9] Randall's puffer Torquigener[489] T. randalli[490] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish Y
ʻoʻopu hue (keke)[9] Stripebelly puffer Arothron[491] A. hispidus[492] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish N
ʻoʻopu hue (keke)[9] Stripebelly puffer Arothron[493] A. meleagris[494] Tetraodontidae[66] Pufferfish N
Hāhāua[9] Manta ray Manta[495] M. birostris[496] Mobulidae[67] Ray N
Hāhāua[9] Manta ray Manta[497] M. alfredi[498] Mobulidae[67] Ray N
Omo[9] Common remora Remora[499] R. remora[500] Echeneidae[68] Remora N
Leleiona[9] Slender remora Echeneis[501] E. naucrates[502] Echeneidae[68] Remora N
Pakiʻi[11] Three-spot flounder Samariscus[503] S. triocellatus[504] Samaridae[69] Right-eyed flounder N
South Pacific sandburrower[9] South Pacific sandburrower Crystallodytes[505] C. cookei[506] Creedidae[70] Sandburrower Y
Pyle's sandlance[9] Pyle's sandlance Ammodytoides[507] A. pylei[508] Ammodytidae[71] Sandlance Y
Redspotted sandperch[9] Redspotted sandperch Parapercis[509] P. schauinslandi[510] Pinguipedidae[72] Sandperch N
Goldspot sardine[9] Goldspot sardine Herklotsichthys[511] H. quadrimaculatus[512] Clupeidae[47] Sardine N
Makiawa[11] Round herring Etrumeus[513] E. makiawa[514] Clupeidae[47] Sardine Y
ʻOpelu[11] Mackerel scad Decapterus[515] D. pinnulatus[516] Carangidae[49] Scad N
Coral scorpionfish[9] Coral scorpionfish Scorpaenodes[517] S. corallinus[518] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Nohu[9] Decoy scorpionfish Iracundus[519] I. signifer[520] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Nohu ʻomakaha[9] Devil scorpionfish Scorpaenodes[521] S. diabolus[522] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Dwarf scorpionfish[9] Dwarf scorpionfish Scorpaenodes[523] S. fowleri[524] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Galactic scorpionfish[9] Galactic scorpionfish Sebastapistes[525] S. galactacma[526] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Nohu pinao[9] Hawaiian green lionfish Dendochirus[527] D. barberi[528] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish Y
Nohu pinao[9] Hawaiian turkeyfish Pterois[529] P. sphex[530] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish Y
Kellogg's scorpionfish[9] Kellogg's scorpionfish Scorpaenodes[531] S. kelloggi[532] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Oʻopu kai nohu[11] Large headed scorpion Pontinus[533] P. macrocephalus[534] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Leaf scorpionfish[9] Leaf scorpionfish Taenianotus[535] T. triacanthus[536] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Lowfin scorpionfish[9] Lowfin scorpionfish Scorpaenodes[537] S. parvipinnis[538] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Nohu[9] Shortsnout scorpionfish Scorpaenodes[539] S. brevifrons[540] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish Y
Spotfin scorpionfish[9] Spotfin scorpionfish Sebastapistes[541] S. ballieui[542] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish Y
Strange-face scorpionfish[9] Strange-face scorpionfish Rhinopias[543] R. xenops[544] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish N
Nohu[9] Titan scorpionfish Scorpaenodes[545] S. cacopsis[546] Scorpaenidae[73] Scorpionfish Y
Nenue[9] Bicolor chub Kyphosus[547] K. hawaiiensis[548] Kyphosidae[74] Sea chubs Y
Nenue[9] Brassy/Lowfin chub[27] Kyphosus[549] K. vaigiensis[550] Kyphosidae[74] Sea chubs N
Nenue[9] Gray chub Kyphosus[551] K. sandwicensis[552] Kyphosidae[74] Sea chubs N
Nenue[11] Highfin chub Kyphosus[553] K. cinerescens[554] Kyphosidae[74] Sea chubs N
Manō pāʻele[9] Blacktip reef shark Carcharhinus[555] C. melanopterus[556] Carcharinidae[75] Shark N
Cookiecutter shark[9] Cookiecutter shark Isistius[557] I. brasilliensis[558] Dalatiidae[76] Shark N
Manō[9] Galápagos shark Carcharhinus[559] C. galapagensis[560] Carcharinidae[75] Shark N
Manō[9] Sandbar shark Carcharhinus[561] C. plumbeus[562] Carcharinidae[75] Shark N
Manō kihikihi[9] Scalloped hammerhead Rhincodon[563] R. typus[564] Sphyrnidae[77] Shark N
Niuhi[9] Tiger shark Carcharhinus[565] C. cuvier[566] Carcharinidae[75] Shark N
Whale shark[9] Whale shark Rhincodon[567] R. typus[568] Lamnidae[78] Shark N
Manō lālā kea[9] Whitetip reef shark Triaenodon[569] T. obesus[570] Carcharinidae[75] Shark N
ʻiao[9] Hawaiian silverside Atherinomorus[571] A. insularum[572] Atherinidae[79] Silverside Y
Fowler's snake eel[9] Fowler's snake eel Ophichthus[573] O. fowleri[574] Ophichthidae[80] Snake eel Y
Freckled snake eel[9] Freckled snake eel Callechelys[575] C. lutea[576] Ophichthidae[80] Snake eel Y
Henshaw's snake eel[9] Henshaw's snake eel Brachysomophis[577] B. henshawi[578] Ophichthidae[80] Snake eel N
Large-spotted snake eel[9] Henshaw's snake eel Ophichthus[579] O. polyophthalmus[580] Ophichthidae[80] Snake eel N
Magnificent snake eel[9] Magnificent snake eel Myrichthys[581] M. magnificus[582] Ophichthidae[80] Snake eel Y
Pencil snake eel[9] Pencil snake eel Apterichtus[583] A. klazingai[584] Ophichthidae[80] Snake eel N
Saddled snake eel[9] Saddled snake eel Leiuranus[585] L. semicinctus[586] Ophichthidae[80] Snake eel N
[9] Bigeye emperor Monotaxis[587] M. grandoculis[588] Lethrinidae[81] Emperor breams N
Toʻau[11] Black tail snapper Lutjanus[589] L. fulvus[590] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Taʻape[11] Blue striped snapper Lutjanus[591] L. kasmira[592] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
ʻUkiʻuki (Gindai)[11] Brigham's snapper Pristipomoides[593] P. zonatus[594] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Wahanui[9] Forktail snapper Aphareus[595] A. furca[596] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Uku[11] Gray jobfish Aprion[597] A. virescens[598] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Lehi (Lehe)[14] Ironjaw snapper Aphareus[599] A. rutilans[600] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
ʻOpakapaka[11] Pink snapper Pristipomoides[601] P. filamentosus[602] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Onaga[14] Longtail red snapper Etelis E. coruscans Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Ehu[11] Squirrelfish snapper Etelis[603] E. carbunculus[604] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Kalekale[11] Von Siebold's snapper Pristipomoides[605] P. sieboldii[606] Lutjanidae[82] Snappers N
Boreham's sole[9] Boreham's sole Aseraggodes[607] A. borehami[608] Soleidae[83] Sole Y
Holcom's sole[9] Holcom's sole Aseraggodes[609] A. holcomi[610] Soleidae[83] Sole Y
Therese's sole[9] Therese's sole Aseraggodes[611] A. therese[612] Soleidae[83] Sole Y
Uʻu[11] Bigscale squirrelfish Myripristis[613] M. berndti[614] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Alaʻihi[9] Bluestripe squirrelfish Sargocentron[615] S. tiere[616] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Uʻu[9] Brick soldierfish Myripristis[617] M. amaena[618] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Alaʻihi[9] Crown squirrelfish Sargocentron[619] S. diadema[620] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Alaʻihi[9] Dwarf squirrelfish Sargocentron[621] S. iota[622] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Goldline squirrelfish[9] Goldline squirrelfish Neoniphon[623] N. aurolineatus[624] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Alaʻihi[9] Hawaiian squirrelfish Sargocentron[625] S. xantherythrum[626] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish Y
Alaʻihi[9] Longjaw squirrelfish Sargocentron[627] S. spiniferum[628] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Uʻu[11] Pearly squirrelfish/Shoulderbar squirrelfish[27] Myripristis[629] M. kuntee[630] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Alaʻihi[9] Peppered squirrelfish Sargocentron[631] S. punctatissimum[632] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Uʻu[11] Rough-scale squirrelfish Plectrypops[633] P. lima[634] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Alaʻihi[9] Spotfin squirrelfish Neoniphon[635] N. sammara[636] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Alaʻihi[11] Squirrelfish Flammeo[637] F. scythrops[638] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Whitespot squirrelfish[9] Whitespot squirrelfish Pristilepis[639] P. oligolepis[640] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Uʻu[11] Whitetip squirrelfish Myripristis[641] M. vittata[642] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Uʻu[11] Yellowfin squirrelfish Myripristis[643] M. chryseres[644] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Yellowstripe squirrelfish[9] Yellowstripe squirrelfish Sargocentron[645] S. ensifer[646] Holocentridae[84] Squirrelfish N
Stripey[9] Stripey Microcanthus[647] M. strigatus[648] Microcanthidae[85] Stripey N
Pākuʻikuʻi[11] Achilles tang Acanthurus[649] A. achilles[650] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Māiʻiʻi[11] Black and brown surgeonfish Acanthurus[651] A. nigrofuscus[652] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Black surgeonfish[9] Black surgeonfish Acanthurus[653] A. hawaiiensis[654] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Maiko[9] Bluelined surgeonfish Acanthurus[655] A. nigroris[656] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Kala[11] Bluespine unicornfish Naso[657] N. unicornis[658] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Manini[11] Convict tang Acanthurus[659] A. triostegus[660] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Palani[11] Dussumier's surgeon Acanthurus[661] A. dussumieri[662] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Kole[11] Goldenring surgeonfish Ctenochaetus[663] C. strigosus[664] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish Y
Goldrim tang[9] Goldrim tang Acanthurus[665] A. nigricans[666] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Gray unicornfish[9] Gray unicornfish Naso[667] N. hexacanthus[668] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Lined surgeonfish[9] Lined surgeonfish Acanthurus[669] A. lineatus[670] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Naʻenaʻa[11] Orangeband surgeonfish Acanthurus[671] A. olivaceus[672] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Umauma lei[9] Orangespine unicornfish Naso[673] N. lituratus[674] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Kala lōlō[9] Paletail unicornfish Naso[675] N. brevirostris[676] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Pualu[9] Ringtail surgeonfish Acanthurus[677] A. blochii[678] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Api (Māneoneo)[11] Sailfin tang Zebrasoma[679] Z. veliferum[680] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Kala holo (ʻlōpelu kala)[9] Sleek unicornfish Naso[681] N. caesius[682] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Thompson's surgeonfish[9] Thompson's surgeonfish Acanthurus[683] A. thompsoni[684] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Pualu[11] Elongate surgeonfish Acanthurus[685] A. mata[686] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Māikoiko[9] Whitebar surgeonfish Acanthurus[687] A. leucopareius[688] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Whitemargin unicornfish[9] Whitemargin unicornfish Naso[689] N. annulatus[690] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Api[9] Whitespotted surgeonfish Acanthurus[691] A. guttatus[692] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Lauiʻīpala[9] Yellow tang Zebrasoma[693] Z. flavescens[694] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Pualu[9] Yellowfin surgeonfish Acanthurus[695] A. xanthopterus[696] Acanthuridae[86] Surgeonfish N
Aʻuku[11] Swordfish Xiphins[697] X. gladius[698] Xiphiidae[87] Swordfish N
Moi[11] Threadfin Polydactylus[699] P. sexfilis[700] Polynemidae[88] Threadfin N
Blackchin tilapia[9] Blackchin tilapia Sarotherodon[701] S. melanotheron[702] Cirrhitidae[46] Tilapia N
Flagtail tilefish[9] Flagtail tilefish Malacanthus[703] M. brevirostris[704] Malacanthidae[89] Tilefish N
Pake ulua[9] Bigeye trevalley Caranx[705] C. sexfasciatus[706] Carangidae[49] Trevally N
Ulua lāʻ[9] Black trevalley Caranx[707] C. lugubris[708] Carangidae[49] Trevally N
Kamanu[11] Rainbow runner Elegatis[709] E. bipinnulatus[710] Carangidae[49] Trevally N
ʻōmilu[9] Bluefin trevalley Caranx[711] C. melampygus[712] Carangidae[49] Trevally N
Ulua aukea[9] Giant trevalley Caranx[713] C. ignobilis[714] Carangidae[49] Trevally N
Ulua paʻopaʻo[9] Golden trevalley Gnathadon[715] G. speciosus[716] Carangidae[49] Trevally N
Ulua[11] Thick-lipped trevally Pseudocaranx[717] P. cheilio[718] Carangidae[49] Trevally Y
Butaguchi[14] White trevally Pseudocaranx[719] P. dentex[720] Carangidae[49] Trevally N
Humu-humu ʻleʻle[9] Black triggerfish Melichthys[721] M. niger[722] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Blueline triggerfish[9] Blueline triggerfish Xanthichthys[723] X. caeruleolineatus[724] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Humuhumu mimi[9] Bridled triggerfish Sufflamen[725] S. fraenatus[726] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Finescale triggerfish[9] Finescale triggerfish Balistes[727] B. polylepis[728] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Gilded triggerfish[9] Gilded triggerfish Xanthichthys[729] X. auromarginatus[730] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Crosshatch triggerfish[9] Gilded triggerfish Xanthichthys[731] X. mento[732] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Lagoon triggerfish Rhinecanthus[733] R. aculeatus[734] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Humuhumu lei[9] Lei triggerfish Sufflamen[735] S. bursa[736] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Humu-humu hiʻu lole[9] Pinktail triggerfish Melichthys[737] M. vidua[738] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Reef triggerfish Rhinecanthus[739] R. rectangulus[740] Balistidae[90] Triggerfish N
Nūnū[11] Trumpetfish Aulostomus[741] A. chinensis[742] Aulostomidae[91] Trumpetfish N
Ahi palaha[11] Albacore tuna Thunnus[743] T. alalunga[744] Scombridae[92] Tuna N
Poʻonui[11] Bigeye tuna Thunnus[745] T. obesus[746] Scombridae[92] Tuna N
Kawakawa[11] Kawakawa Euthynnus[747] E. affinis[748] Scombridae[92] Tuna N
Aku[11] Skipjack tuna Katsuwonus[749] K. pelamis[750] Scombridae[92] Tuna N
Ono[11] Wahoo Acanthocybium[751] A. solandri[752] Scombridae[92] Tuna N
Ahi[11] Yellowfin tuna Thunnus[753] T. albacares[754] Scombridae[92] Tuna N
Laenihi[9] Baldwin's razor wrasse Iniistius[755] I. baldwini[756] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Belted wrasse[9] Belted wrasse Stethojulis[757] S. balteata[758] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Hīnālea ʻiʻiwi (Hīnālea ʻakilolo)[9] Bird wrasse Gomphosus[759] G. varius[760] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Hilu[11] Black striped wrasse Coris[761] C. flavovittata[762] Labridae[93] Wrasses
Laenihi[9] Blackside razor wrasse Iniistius[763] I. umbrilatus[764] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Hilu[9] Blackstrip coris Coris[765] C. flavovittata[766] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Laenihi[9] Brownspot razor wrasse Iniistius[767] I. celebicus[768] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Christmas wrasse[9] Christmas wrasse Thalassoma[769] T. trilobatum[770] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Kūpou[9] Cigar wrasse Cheilio[771] C. inermis[772] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Disappearing wrasse[9] Striated wrasse Pseudocheilinus[773] P. evanidus[774] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Eightline wrasse[9] Eight-lined wrasse Pseudocheilinus[775] P. octotaenia[776] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Five stripe wrasse[9] Fivestripe wrasse Thalassoma[777] T. quinquevittatum[778] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Elegant coris[9] Elegant coris Coris[779] C. venusta[780] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Flame wrasse[9] Flame wrasse Cirrhilabrus[781] C. jordani[782] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Forktail sand wrasse[9] Forktail sand wrasse Ammolabrus[783] A. dicrus[784] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Fourline wrasse[9] Four-lined wrasse Pseudocheilinus[785] P. tetrataenia[786] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Hawaiian cleaner wrasse[9] Hawaiian cleaner wrasse Labroides[787] L. phthirophagus[788] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Malamalama[9] Lined coris Coris[789] C. ballieui[790] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Hinālea luahine[9] Old woman wrasse Thalassoma[791] T. ballieui[792] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Ornate wrasse[9] Ornate wrasse Halichoeres[793] H. ornatissimus[794] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Laenihi[9] Peacock razor wrasse, Black-barred razorfish, Blue razorfish, Pavo razorfish, Nabeta Iniistius[795] I. pavo[796] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Pencil wrasse[9] Pencil wrasse Pseudojuloides[797] P. cerasinus[798] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Lainihi[11] Razor wrasse Xyrichtys[799] X. niger[800] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Poʻou[9] Ringtail wrasse Oxycheilinus[801] O. unifasciatus[802] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Rockmover wrasse[9] Rockmover wrasse Novaculichthys[803] N. taeniourus[804] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Poʻou[11] Rose colored wrasse Oxycheilinus[805] O. rhodochrous[806] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Hinālea lauwili[9] Saddle wrasse Thalassoma[807] T. duperrey[808] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Shortnose wrasse[9] Shortnose wrasse Macropharyngodon[809] M. geoffroy[810] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Slingjaw wrasse[9] Slingjaw wrasse Epibulus[811] E. insidator[812] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Sunset wrasse[9] Sunset wrasse Thalassoma[813] T. lutescens[814] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Surge wrasse[9] Surge wrasse Thalassoma[815] T. purpureum[816] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Twospot wrasse[9] Twospot wrasse Oxycheilinus[817] O. bimaculatus[818] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Laenihi[9] Whitepatch razor wrasse Iniistius[819] I. aneitensis[820] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Laenihi[9] Wood's razor wrasse Novaculops N. woodi[821] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Hīnālea ʻakilolo[9] Yellowtail coris Coris[822] C. gaimard[823] Labridae[93] Wrasses N
Aʻawa[9][11] Hawaiian hogfish Bodianus[824] B. albotaeniatus[825] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
ʻopule[9] Pearl wrasse Anampses[826] A. cuvier[827] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
ʻopule[11] Psychedelic wrasse Anampses[828] A. chrysocephalus[829] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y
Sunrise hogfish[9] Sunrise hogfish Bodianus[830] B. sanguineus[831] Labridae[93] Wrasses Y



  1. ^ "Hawaiian Fish". hawaii scuba diving. 2009. Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Hawaii Public Forecast Products". National Weather Service. 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
  3. ^ Whaling in Hawaii.
  4. ^ Stuart Biggs (30 May 2007). "Kyokuyo Joins Maruha to End Whale Meat Sales in Japan". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  5. ^ Jason Philibotte (2009). "Fisheries Local Action Strategy (LAS)". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Marine Fisheries Service. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  6. ^ McRae, McRae, and Fitzsimons (2011). Habitats used by Juvenile Flagtails (Kuhlia spp.; Perciformes: Kuhliidae) on the Island of Hawai'i. Pacific Science 65(4): 441-450
  7. ^ a b Fitzsimons; and McRae (2007) Behavioral Ecology of Indigenous Stream Fishes in Hawai‘i. Environmental Studies 3: 11–21.
  8. ^ Yamamoto, Mike N.; Tagawa, Annette W. (1 January 2000). Hawaii's Native and Exotic Freshwater Animals. Mutual Pub. ISBN 978-1-56647-342-2.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm Hoover, John P. (2008). The Ultimate Guide to Hawaiian Reef Fishes, Sea Turtles, Dolphins, Whales, and Seals. Mutual Publishing. ISBN 978-1-56647-887-8.
  10. ^ a b c d e f Fishbase Pomacanthidae
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch "Guide to Hawaiian Fish Species". State of Hawaii, Department of Land and Natural Resources. 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  12. ^ a b c Fishbase Sphyraenidae
  13. ^ Fishbase Polymixiidae
  14. ^ a b c d e "Current Line Fish Facts for Bottom Fishes of Hawaii" (PDF). DLNR—Division of Aquatic Resources. Retrieved 16 March 2009.
  15. ^ a b c Fishbase Priacanthidae
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fishbase Blenniidae
  17. ^ Fishbase Pentacerotidae
  18. ^ a b Fishbase Albulidae
  19. ^ a b c d Fishbase Ostraciidae
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Fishbase Chaetodontidae
  21. ^ Fishbase Bythitidae
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fishbase Apogonidae
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Fishbase Pomacentridae
  24. ^ a b c d e Fishbase Congridae
  25. ^ Fishbase Fistulariidae
  26. ^ Fishbase Caracanthidae
  27. ^ a b c d e Russo, Ron (1994). Hawaiian Reefs: A Natural History Guide. Wavecrest Publications. ISBN 978-0-9635696-0-8.
  28. ^ Fishbase Ophidiidae
  29. ^ Fishbase Microdesmidae
  30. ^ a b Fishbase Ptereleotridae
  31. ^ Fishbase Coryphaenidae
  32. ^ a b c d Fishbase Callionymidae
  33. ^ Fishbase Tripterygiidae
  34. ^ Fishbase Myliobatidae
  35. ^ [1]
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h Fishbase Monacanthidae
  37. ^ a b Fishbase Kuhliidae
  38. ^ Fishbase Exocoetidae
  39. ^ Fishbase Dactylopteridae
  40. ^ a b c d e f Fishbase Antennariidae
  41. ^ Fishbase Gempylidae
  42. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fishbase Mullidae
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Fishbase Gobiidae
  44. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fishbase Serranidae
  45. ^ a b c Fishbase Hemiramphidae
  46. ^ a b c d e f g Fishbase Cirrhitidae
  47. ^ a b c Fishbase Clupeidae
  48. ^ a b Fishbase Schindleriidae
  49. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Fishbase Carangidae
  50. ^ a b Fishbase Oplegnathidae
  51. ^ Fishbase Elopidae
  52. ^ a b c Fishbase Bothidae
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i Fishbase Synodontidae
  54. ^ a b c d e Fishbase Istiophoridae
  55. ^ Fishbase Chanidae
  56. ^ Fishbase Lampridae
  57. ^ Fishbase Zanclidae
  58. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Fishbase Muraenidae
  59. ^ a b Fishbase Mugilidae
  60. ^ a b c d Fishbase Belonidae
  61. ^ a b c d e f g Fishbase Scaridae
  62. ^ a b hi Fishbase Carapidae
  63. ^ a b c d e f g Fishbase Syngnathidae
  64. ^ Fishbase Bramidae
  65. ^ a b c Fishbase Diodontidae
  66. ^ a b c d e f g h Fishbase Tetraodontidae
  67. ^ a b Fishbase Mobulidae
  68. ^ a b Fishbase Echeneidae
  69. ^ Fishbase Samaridae
  70. ^ Fishbase Creedidae
  71. ^ Fishbase Ammodytidae
  72. ^ Fishbase Pinguipedidae
  73. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Fishbase Scorpaenidae
  74. ^ a b c d Fishbase Kyphosidae
  75. ^ a b c d e Fishbase Carcharinidae
  76. ^ Fishbase Dalatiidae
  77. ^ Fishbase Sphyrnidae
  78. ^ Fishbase Lamnidae
  79. ^ Fishbase Atherinidae
  80. ^ a b c d e f g Fishbase Ophichthidae
  81. ^ Fishbase Lethrinidae
  82. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fishbase Lutjanidae
  83. ^ a b c Fishbase Soleidae
  84. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Fishbase Holocentridae
  85. ^ Fishbase Microcanthidae
  86. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Fishbase Acanthuridae
  87. ^ Fishbase Xiphiidae
  88. ^ Fishbase Polynemidae
  89. ^ Fishbase Malacanthidae
  90. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fishbase Balistidae
  91. ^ Fishbase Aulostomidae
  92. ^ a b c d e f Fishbase Scombridae
  93. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am Fishbase Labridae

Further readingEdit

  • Dick Mills. Aquarium Fish Handbook: The Complete Reference from Anemonefish to Zamora Woodcats (3 December 2003 ed.). Barron's Educational Series. ISBN 0-7641-5713-2. - Total pages: 256

External linksEdit