Chromis is a genus of fish in the family Pomacentridae. While the term damselfish describes a group of marine fish including more than one genus, most damselfish are in the genus Chromis. These fish are popular aquarium pets due to their small size, tolerance for poor water quality, and bright colors, though their lifespans tend to be shorter than other fish.

Temporal range: 11–0 Ma
Late Miocene to present[1]
Chromis chromis 2.jpg
Chromis chromis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Family: Pomacentridae
Subfamily: Chrominae
Genus: Chromis
G. Cuvier, 1814
Type species
Sparus chromis

Around 100, see text.


There are currently 102 recognized species in this genus:[2][3]


  1. ^ Sepkoski, J. (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009.
  2. ^ Shepherd, Bart; Pinheiro, Hudson T.; Phelps, Tyler A. Y.; Easton, Erin E.; Pérez-Matus, Alejandro; Rocha, Luiz A. (1 May 2020). "A New Species of Chromis (Teleostei: Pomacentridae) from Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems of Rapa Nui (Easter Island) and Salas y Gómez, Chile". Copeia. 108 (2): 326–332. doi:10.1643/CI-19-294. ISSN 0045-8511.
  3. ^ Youtube <<Advance Marine Aquarium>> Creatures section, Damselfish - Author:Sublanding Fish[2020-06-19]
  4. ^ Randall, J.E. & DiBattista, J.D. (2013): A new species of damselfish (Pomacentridae) from the Indian Ocean. aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, 19 (1): 1-16.
  5. ^ Allen, G.R.; Erdmann, M.V. (2014). "A new species of damselfish (Chromis: Pomacentridae) from Papua New Guinea". Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation. 11: 13–22.
  6. ^ a b c Iwatsubo, H.; Motomura, H. (2013). "Redescriptions of Chromis notata (Temminck and Schlegel, 1843) and C. kennensis Whitley, 1964 with the Description of a New Species of Chromis (Perciformes: Pomacentridae)". Species Diversity. 18 (2): 193–213. doi:10.12782/sd.18.2.193.
  7. ^ Allen, G.R.; Erdmann, M.V. (2020). "Chromis pacifica, a new Pacific Ocean damselfish distinct from Indian Ocean Chromis agilis (Teleostei: Pomacentridae)". Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation. 35: 102–117. doi:10.5281/zenodo.3988552.
  8. ^ Tea, Yi-Kai; Gill, Anthony C.; Senou, Hiroshi (17 April 2019). "Chromis tingting , a new species of damselfish from mesophotic coral ecosystems of southern Japan, with notes on C. mirationis Tanaka (Teleostei: Pomacentridae)". Zootaxa. 4586 (2): 249–260. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4586.2.2. ISSN 1175-5334.