List of building types

This is a list of building types. It is sorted by broad category: residential buildings, commercial buildings, industrial buildings, and infrastructural buildings.

Residential edit

Single-family detached edit

Examples of single-family detached house types include:

Single-family attached (small multi-family) edit

Large multi-family (apartments/flats/condos) edit

A nursing home in Wetherby, England, U.K.
  • Garden or walk-up apartments: 1–5 stories, 50–400 units, no elevators[1]
  • Mid-rise apartments/condos: 5–9 stories, 30–110 units, with elevators[1]
  • High-rise apartments/condos: 9+ stories, 100+ units, professionally managed[1]
  • Special-purpose group housing[1]

Public edit

Commercial edit

Commercial buildings, generally, are buildings used by businesses to sell their products to consumers.[1]

Office edit

An office building in Accra, Ghana.

Office buildings are generally categorized by size and by quality (e.g., "a low-rise Class A building")[2]

  • Office buildings by size
  • Office buildings by quality[3][4]
    • Trophy or 5-star building: A landmark property designed by a recognized architect
    • Class A or 4-star building: Rents in the top 30-40% of the local market; well-located; above-average upkeep and management; usually older than a trophy/5-star building
    • Class B or 3-star building: Rents between Class A and Class C; fair-to-good locations; average upkeep and management
    • Class C or 2-star building: Rents in the bottom 10-20% of the local market; less-desirable locations; below-average upkeep and management
    • 1-star building: Does not meet the needs of typical tenants; may be obsolete and/or in need of significant renovation[3]

Retail edit

Retail buildings are categorized by their configuration and size[5]

Interior view of a shopping mall in Chattanooga, Tennessee, U.S.
  • Non-freestanding (also known as shopping centers or shopping malls)
    • Super-regional shopping center: enclosed space; 800,000+ sqft; 5+ anchor stores with other tenants that sell a very large variety of goods
    • Regional shopping center: enclosed space; 400,000–800,000 sqft; 1–5 anchor stores with other tenants that sell a large variety of goods
    • Community shopping center: open space; 125,000–400,000 sqft; provides general merchandise and commodities (e.g., supermarket, discount department store)
    • Neighborhood shopping center: open space; 3,000–125,000 sqft; provides commodities to nearby neighborhoods (e.g. drug store)
    • Strip or convenience shopping center: open space; less than 30,000 sqft; located along suburban transportation arteries on shallow land parcels; a strip may be configured in a straight line, or have an "L" or "U" shape
    • Lifestyle center: "Main Street" concept with pedestrian circulation in core and vehicular circulation along perimeter; upscale national chain specialty stores, dining or entertainment (e.g. The Grove, Los Angeles, CA; Americana at Brand, Glendale, CA)
  • Freestanding: any stand-alone retail structure that is not part of a complex
    • Big box: freestanding category-dominant retailer; 50,000+ sqft (e.g. The Home Depot, Target, Walmart)
    • Power center: among the largest types of retail properties; 3+ big box anchor stores; multiple large buildings with parking lot in front and loading in back; smaller retailers usually clustered in a community shopping center configuration
    • Retail outlet: manufacturers' outlet stores; 50,000–400,000 sqft
    • Pop-up retail: a retail location designed to only be in a location temporarily (e.g., a retail store that only opens during a holiday season)

Hotels edit

A hotel in Bariloche, Argentina

Special-purpose edit

A car wash in Prudnik, Poland

Industrial edit

Industrial buildings are primarily used for the production and storage/distribution of goods, among other uses.[6]

Manufacturing edit

A heavy manufacturing plant in Loudi, Hunan province, China

Warehouse/distribution edit

A fulfillment center in Macon, Georgia, U.S.

Flex space edit

Infrastructure edit

A power plant in Moscow, Russia

Infrastructure buildings house equipment and facilities related to public infrastructure.

Agricultural edit

Institutional edit

A hospital in Limassol District, Cyprus

Other edit

See also edit

  Media related to Buildings by function at Wikimedia Commons

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e Schmidt, Robert (2018-11-25). "Types of Commercial Real Estate". PropertyMetrics. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  2. ^ Sicola, Maria (March 2017). "Office Terminology". Commercial Real Estate Terms and Definitions (PDF). The NAIOP Research Foundation. pp. 27–31.
  3. ^ a b "CoStar Building Rating System" (PDF). CoStar.
  4. ^ Kugler, Thomas. "Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) International". Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) International. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  5. ^ Sicola, Maria (March 2017). "Retail Terminology". Commercial Real Estate Terms and Definitions (PDF). The NAIOP Research Foundation. pp. 32–36.
  6. ^ Sicola, Maria (March 2017). "Industrial Terminology". Commercial Real Estate Terms and Definitions (PDF). The NAIOP Research Foundation. pp. 21–26.