List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 165

This is a list of cases reported in volume 165 of United States Reports, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1897.

Supreme Court of the United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
EstablishedMarch 4, 1789; 233 years ago (1789-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444Coordinates: 38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Composition methodPresidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized byConstitution of the United States, Art. III, § 1
Judge term lengthlife tenure, subject to impeachment and removal
Number of positions9 (by statute)
Websitesupremecourt.gov

Justices of the Supreme Court at the time of volume 165 U.S.Edit

The Supreme Court is established by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States, which says: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court . . .". The size of the Court is not specified; the Constitution leaves it to Congress to set the number of justices. Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 Congress originally fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[1] Since 1789 Congress has varied the size of the Court from six to seven, nine, ten, and back to nine justices (always including one chief justice).

When the cases in volume 165 were decided the Court comprised the following nine members:

Portrait Justice Office Home State Succeeded Date confirmed by the Senate
(Vote)
Tenure on Supreme Court
  Melville Fuller Chief Justice Illinois Morrison Waite July 20, 1888
(41–20)
October 8, 1888

July 4, 1910
(Died)
  Stephen Johnson Field Associate Justice California newly-created seat March 10, 1863
(Acclamation)
May 10, 1863

December 1, 1897
(Retired)
  John Marshall Harlan Associate Justice Kentucky David Davis November 29, 1877
(Acclamation)
December 10, 1877

October 14, 1911
(Died)
  Horace Gray Associate Justice Massachusetts Nathan Clifford December 20, 1881
(51–5)
January 9, 1882

September 15, 1902
(Died)
  David Josiah Brewer Associate Justice Kansas Stanley Matthews December 18, 1889
(53–11)
January 6, 1890

March 28, 1910
(Died)
  Henry Billings Brown Associate Justice Michigan Samuel Freeman Miller December 29, 1890
(Acclamation)
January 5, 1891

May 28, 1906
(Retired)
  George Shiras Jr. Associate Justice Pennsylvania Joseph P. Bradley July 26, 1892
(Acclamation)
October 10, 1892

February 23, 1903
(Retired)
  Edward Douglass White Associate Justice Louisiana Samuel Blatchford February 19, 1894
(Acclamation)
March 12, 1894

December 18, 1910
(Continued as chief justice)
  Rufus W. Peckham Associate Justice New York Howell Edmunds Jackson December 9, 1895
(Acclamation)
January 6, 1896

October 24, 1909
(Died)

Notable Case in 165 U.S.Edit

Allgeyer v. LouisianaEdit

Allgeyer v. Louisiana, 165 U.S. 578 (1897), was a landmark decision in which the Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana statute for violating an individual's liberty of contract. It was the first case in which the Court interpreted the word liberty in the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to mean "economic liberty". The decision was the beginning of the Lochner era[2] during which the Supreme Court struck many state regulations for infringing on an individual's right to contract. The Lochner era lasted 40 years and ended with West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish in 1937.

Citation styleEdit

Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 the federal court structure at the time comprised District Courts, which had general trial jurisdiction; Circuit Courts, which had mixed trial and appellate (from the US District Courts) jurisdiction; and the United States Supreme Court, which had appellate jurisdiction over the federal District and Circuit courts—and for certain issues over state courts. The Supreme Court also had limited original jurisdiction (i.e., in which cases could be filed directly with the Supreme Court without first having been heard by a lower federal or state court). There were one or more federal District Courts and/or Circuit Courts in each state, territory, or other geographical region.

The Judiciary Act of 1891 created the United States Courts of Appeals and reassigned the jurisdiction of most routine appeals from the district and circuit courts to these appellate courts. The Act created nine new courts that were originally known as the "United States Circuit Courts of Appeals." The new courts had jurisdiction over most appeals of lower court decisions. The Supreme Court could review either legal issues that a court of appeals certified or decisions of court of appeals by writ of certiorari.

Bluebook citation style is used for case names, citations, and jurisdictions.

List of cases in volume 165 U.S.Edit

Case Name Page and year Opinion of the Court Concurring opinion(s) Dissenting opinion(s) Lower Court Disposition
St. Louis–San Francisco Railway Company v. Mathews 1 (1897) Gray none none Mo. affirmed
Missouri Pacific Railroad Company v. Simmons 27 (1897) Gray none none Mo. affirmed
Warner Valley Stock Company v. Smith 28 (1897) Gray none none D.C. Cir. reversed
Agnew v. United States 36 (1897) Fuller none none C.C.S.D. Fla. affirmed
Scott v. Donald I 58 (1897) Shiras none Brown C.C.D.S.C. affirmed
Scott v. Donald II 107 (1897) Shiras none none C.C.D.S.C. affirmed
Missouri v. Iowa 118 (1897) Fuller none none original boundary set
Hussman v. Durham 144 (1897) Brewer none none Iowa affirmed
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway Company v. Ellis 150 (1897) Brewer none Gray Tex. reversed
Clarke v. McDade 168 (1897) Peckham none none Cal. Super. Ct. dismissed
United States v. Barnette 174 (1897) Gray none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Jones v. Brim 180 (1897) White none none Sup. Ct. Terr. Utah affirmed
Addington v. United States 184 (1897) Harlan none none C.C.E.D. Tex. affirmed
Egan v. Hart 188 (1897) White none none La. dismissed
Adams Express Company v. Ohio 194 (1897) Fuller none White 6th Cir. affirmed
American Express Company v. Indiana 255 (1897) Fuller none White Ind. Cir. Ct. affirmed
Rosecrans v. United States 257 (1897) Brewer none none C.C.D. Mont. affirmed
The Valencia 264 (1897) Harlan none none 2d Cir. certification
Pim v. City of St. Louis 273 (1897) Harlan none none Mo. dismissed
Robertson v. Baldwin 275 (1897) Brown none Harlan C.C.N.D. Cal. affirmed
Western Union Telegraph Company v. Indiana 304 (1897) Fuller none none Ind. affirmed
Price v. United States 311 (1897) Peckham none none C.C.N.D. Cal. affirmed
United States v. Gorham 316 (1897) Peckham none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Graves v. United States 323 (1897) Peckham none none C.C.N.D. Iowa reversed
District of Columbia v. Johnson 330 (1897) Peckham none none Ct. Cl. reversed
District of Columbia v. Hall 340 (1897) Peckham none none D.C. Cir. reversed
District of Columbia v. Dickson 341 (1897) Peckham none none Ct. Cl. reversed
Hopkins v. Grimshaw 342 (1897) Gray none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
Robinson v. Caldwell 359 (1897) Harlan none none C.C.D. Idaho dismissed
Oakes v. Mase 363 (1897) White none none 8th Cir. reversed
Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway Company v. Ohio 365 (1897) White none none Ohio affirmed
Burlington Gaslight Company v. Burlington, Cedar Rapids and Northern Railway Company 370 (1897) Brewer none none Iowa affirmed
Davis v. United States 373 (1897) Brewer none none C.C.W.D. Ark. affirmed
Germania Iron Company v. United States 379 (1897) Brewer none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Deweese v. Reinhard 386 (1897) Brewer none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Glover v. Patten 394 (1897) Brown none none D.C. Cir. affirmed
Atlantic and Pacific Railroad Company v. Mingus 413 (1897) Brown none none Sup. Ct. Terr. N.M. affirmed
In re Chetwood 443 (1897) Fuller none none C.C.N.D. Cal. certiorari granted
United States v. Winona and St. Peter Railroad Company 463 (1897) Brewer none none 8th Cir. affirmed
United States v. Union Pacific Railroad Company 482 (1897) Brewer none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Winona and St. Peter Railroad Company v. United States 483 (1897) Brewer none none 8th Cir. affirmed
Dunlop v. United States 486 (1897) Brown none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
United States v. McMillan 504 (1897) Gray none none Sup. Ct. Terr. Utah reversed
Smith v. Vulcan Iron Works 518 (1897) Gray none none 9th Cir. dismissed
In re Kollock 526 (1897) Fuller none none D.C. Cir. habeas corpus denied
McCormick v. Market National Bank 538 (1897) Gray none none Ill. affirmed
Swaim v. United States 553 (1897) Shiras none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
De Vaughn v. Hutchinson 566 (1897) Shiras none none D.C. Cir. affirmed
Allgeyer v. Louisiana 578 (1897) Peckham none none La. reversed
Walker v. New Mexico and Southern Pacific Railroad Company 593 (1897) Brewer none none Sup. Ct. Terr. N.M. affirmed
Pauly v. State Loan and Trust Company 606 (1897) Harlan none none 9th Cir. affirmed
Wade v. Lawder 624 (1897) Fuller none none Mo. dismissed
New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company v. New York 628 (1897) Harlan none none N.Y. Sup. Ct. affirmed
Fourth St. National Bank v. Yardley 634 (1897) White none none 3d Cir. certification
Walker v. Brown 654 (1897) White none none 8th Cir. reversed
United States v. City of Santa Fe 675 (1897) White none none Ct. Priv. Land Cl. reversed

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Supreme Court Research Guide". Georgetown Law Library. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  2. ^ See Lochner v. New York, 198 U.S. 45 (1905).

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit