List of Scheduled Tribes in Odisha

Scheduled tribes of the Indian state of Odisha, as recognized by the Constitution of the Indian Republic; a total of 62 distinct tribes. The term "Scheduled Tribes" refers to specific indigenous peoples whose status is acknowledged to some formal degree by national legislation. 13 out of these 62 tribes include are known as "Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups" (PTGs). Officially known as "tribals" or "adibasi" they constitute more than 22.5% of the state's total population (8,145,081 totally) and 9.7% of the nation's total tribal population.[1]

Main tribesEdit

The Kondha or Kandha is the largest tribe of the state in terms of population. They have a population of about one million and are based mainly in the Kandhamal and adjoining districts namely Rayagada, Koraput, Balangir and Boudh. The Santals with a population over 500,000, inhabit the Mayurbhanj district. The Ho people with a population more than 100,000 inhabit in Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Jajpur, Balasore, Bhadrak, Sambalpur, Jharsuguda, Sonepur, Deogarh, Dhenkanal, Anugul, Jharsuguda, Sundergarh, Kandhamal district. The Saura, with a population over 300,000, are found mainly in the undivided Ganjam and Puri district. The Bonda, are known as 'the Naked People', and have a population of about 5,000 and live in Malkangiri district formerly part of undivided Koraput.

The Kisans are the main residents of Sundergarh, Sambalpur and Keonjhar. They speak the Kisan dialect along with Odia, Hindi and English. They are farmers and food gatherers and they are famous for their Dance and Music. Kutra Village in Sundergarh District is a major Tribal Village and the main residents of this village are the Toppo

List of tribesEdit

As per the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950, the following were listed as Scheduled Tribes in Odisha[2][3]

  1. Bagata (Bhakta)
  2. Baiga
  3. Banjara (Banjari)
  4. Bathudi (Bathuri)
  5. Bhottada (Dhotada, Bhotra, Bhatra, Bhattara, Bhotora, Bhatara)
  6. Bhuyan (Bhuinya)
  7. Bhumia
  8. Bhumij (Teli Bhumij, Haladipokhria Bhumij, Haladi Pokharia Bhumija, Desi Bhumij, Desia Bhumij, Tamaria Bhumij)
  9. Bhunjia
  10. Binjhal (Binjhwar)
  11. Binjhia (Binjhoa)
  12. Birhor (Mankidi, Mankirdia)
  13. Bondo Poraja (Bonda Paroja, Banda Paroja)
  14. Chenchu
  15. Dal
  16. Desua Bhumij
  17. Dharua (Dhuruba, Dhurva)
  18. Didayi (Didai Paroja, Didai)
  19. Gadaba (Bodo Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Kapu Gadaba, Ollara Gadaba, Parenga Gadaba, Sano Gadaba]
  20. Gandia
  21. Ghara
  22. Gond (Gondo, Rajgond, Maria Gond, Dhur Gond)
  23. Ho
  24. Holva
  25. Jatapu
  26. Juang
  27. Kandha (Khond, Kond, Nanguli Kandha, Sitha Kandha, Kondh, Kui, Buda Kondh, Bura Kandha, Desia Kandha, Dungaria Kondh, Kutia Kandha, Kandha Gauda, Muli Kondh, Malua Kondh, Pengo Kandha, Raja Kondh, Raj Khond)
  28. Kandha Gauda
  29. Kawar (Kanwar)
  30. Kharia (Kharian, Berga Kharia, Dhelki Kharia, Dudh Kharia, Erenga Kharia, Munda Kharia, Oraon Kharia, Khadia, Pahari Kharia)
  31. Kharwar
  32. Kisan (Nagesar, Nagesia)
  33. Kol
  34. Kolah (Loharas, Kol Loharas)
  35. Kolha
  36. Koli (Malhar)
  37. Kondadora
  38. Kora
  39. Korua
  40. Kotia
  41. Koya (Gumba Koya, Koitur Koya, Kamar Koya, Musara Koya)
  42. Kulis (Kuli)
  43. Lodha (Nodh, Nodha, Lodh)
  44. Madia
  45. Mahali
  46. Mankidi
  47. Mankirdia (Mankria, Mankidi)
  48. Matya (Matia)
  49. Mirdhas (Kuda, Koda, Mirdha)
  50. Munda (Munda Lohara, Munda Mahalis, Nagabanshi Munda, Odia Munda)
  51. Mundari
  52. Omanatya (Omanatyo, Amanatya)
  53. Oraon (Dhangar, Uran)
  54. Parenga
  55. Paroja (Parja, Bodo Paroja, Barong Jhodia Paroja, Chhelia Paroja, Jhodia Paroja, Konda Paroja, Paraja, Ponga Paroja, Sodia Paroja, Sano Paroja, Solia Paroja)
  56. Pentia
  57. Rajuar (Rajuad Bagal, Rajuad, Bagal, Bagala)
  58. Santal
  59. Saora
  60. Shabar Lodha
  61. Sounti
  62. Tharua

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Orissa DATA HIGHLIGHTS : THE SCHEDULED TRIBES Census of India 2001" (PDF). Census of India (2001). Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  2. ^ https://www.ostm.in/tribes-of-odisha/
  3. ^ http://www.scstrti.in/index.php/communities/tribes

External linksEdit