Jharsuguda is a city and district headquarter of Jharsuguda district of Odisha, India. It is an industrial hub, consisting mainly of metallurgical industries. It is well connected to major cities of India through the rail network, and a recently inaugurated Jharsuguda Airport, now renamed as Veer Surendra Sai Airport. It is popularly known as the "Powerhouse of Odisha" due to its plentiful industry, mostly nearby thermal power plants. Jharsuguda has often been referred as "Little India" as well because of its diverse demography, language and culture.
Powerhouse of Odisha
|• Total||45 km2 (17 sq mi)|
|Elevation||218 m (715 ft)|
|• Density||2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)|
|• Spoken||Sambalpuri, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||OD-23 (Previously OR-23)|
This district has the major tribal populations among them important tribes are Sabara, Kisan, Kurukh, Bhuiyan, Munda, Santal. This district has unique diversity in terms of tribal culture, language and other focal culture. Kurukh people speak their mother tongue Kurukh language with Sadri language. Munda people speak their Ho language and Kisan people speak their Kisan dialect and Kharia speak their Kharia. Sadri and local Odia dialect is also quite popular among tribal communities.
Geography and ClimateEdit
Jharsuguda is located at  It has an average elevation of 218 metres (715 ft). It is located in Western Odisha. State highway 10 and National Highway 69 (NH-69) pass through this place. The Ib river flows along the Western side of Jharsuguda town and the river Bheden flows in the south. The area of the town is 70.47 km2, and has a population of 579,499..
The town is situated at 21.82° north longitude and 84.1° latitude and at a height of 700–750 feet above mean sea level. The highest temperature recorded during the summer months is 48.0 °C. It has an average rainfall of 1,527 mm.
|Climate data for Jharsuguda (1981–2010, extremes 1951–2012)|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.0
|Average high °C (°F)||27.8
|Average low °C (°F)||12.6
|Record low °C (°F)||5.6
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||19.0
|Average rainy days||1.3||1.3||1.6||2.2||3.5||9.8||16.6||17.0||11.3||3.7||0.9||0.6||69.9|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||43||34||26||23||29||54||77||81||76||64||53||47||51|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
Jharsuguda is a cosmopolitan city housing people from various regions of India. Major festivals celebrated in the town are:
- Nuakhai: This is an important festival for the people of Western Odisha. This festival falls during Autumn season. It is a harvest festival celebrated after the first crops are harvested (similar to baisakhi in Punjab). Families gather during this period and eat together. After that, the younger take the blessings of elders and dance with friends.
- Bhai Jauntia: A festival observed by the women of this region where a sister prays for the betterment of her brother.
- Rath Yatra: Rath Yatra is celebrated in the town & villages of the district. Lord Jagannath, his elder brother lord Balabhadra and his younger sister Subhadra travel in a wooden car to their mausi mandir.
- Durga Puja: Durga Puja has been celebrated in public pandals in the town for more than half a century. It is one of the most celebrated festival locally in Jharsuguda. Most remarkable and favoured among these are specially Durga pandals of Sarbahal, Chowki para and Mangal Bazar and Puja by Sri Santimai Mukharjee in Chowki Para are major crowd pullers for their majestic and innovative pandals. Traditional Bengali crowd gathers in KaliMandir which is one of the oldest Durga Puja in Jharsuguda
- Ganesh Puja: Ganesh Chaturthi or Ganesh puja is also one of locally most celebrated festival which is a 10-day public celebration.
- Diwali and Chhat: It is celebrated with great pomp and show.
- Kirtan (Nama Yangya) (Brundamal, Sarbahal, Sahapada, Buromal and Chowki Para): People pray to Krishna and Rama.
Since the Colonial era, the city has had a relatively developed transportation network. Primary modes of transport are auto rickshaws, taxi and private and state operated buses.
The Jharsuguda Airport is operational since last 2019 at Durlaga. It had an airstrip since British times, which is currently upgraded to a full-fledged airport. First flight from Jharsuguda took off in September 2018 after Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, inaugurated VSS Airport (Veer Surendra Sai Airport) on 22nd September, 2018. 
On February 28, 2019, low cost airline Spicejet announced regional connectivity from Jhasurguda to various state capitals such as Kolkata, Hyderabad as well as with New Delhi under the UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik) regional connectivity scheme. [circular reference]
Jharsuguda railway station is an important railway junction on the Tatanagar–Bilaspur section of the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and the Jharsuguda-Vizianagaram line. The railway station comes under South Eastern Railway.
The current Member of the Legislative Assembly from Jharsuguda Assembly Constituency is Naba Kishore Das, who won the seat in 2009 and again in 2014. Jharsuguda is currently under Bargarh constituency of the Lok Sabha. This constituency came into existence in 2008 as a part of delimitation of parliamentary constituencies based on the recommendations of the Delimitation Commission of India in 2002. Jharsuguda was previously under the Deogarh constituency of the Lok Sabha. The current Member of Parliament from Bargarh is Suresh Pujari from the Bharatiya Janta Party, taking office in 2019 .
The pre-collegiate medium of instruction in schools is predominantly English, Sambalpuri, Hindi and Odia. The medium of instruction in educational institutions after matriculation in colleges is English. Other medias of instruction also exist in Jharsuguda. Schools and colleges in Jharsuguda are mostly government-run, but schools run by private trusts and individuals also exist. The schools are affiliated with either the Odisha State Board under the Board of Secondary Education (BSE), Central Board of Secondary Education or Council of Higher Secondary Education (CHSE), Indian Certificate of Secondary Education. After completing 10 years of schooling in secondary education, students enroll in higher secondary school, specialising in one of three streams – arts, commerce or science.
In November 2016, the professional accounting body Institute of Chartered Accountants of India opened a branch at Jharsuguda.
- "District Census Handbook - Jharsuguda" (PDF). Directorate of Census Operations, Odisha. 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Jharsuguda
- 2001 Census
- "Station: Jharsuguda Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 369–370. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M164. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
- "Important Fairs and Festival of Jharsuguda district".
- P.M Modi visit to Jharsuguda District
- Reports on Election 2014 - See page no. 124, archived on (6 June 2017). (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20170606060636/http://ceoorissa.nic.in/docs/Election/2014/Reports/General%20election%20report%20Final%20-1.9.2014.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2019. Missing or empty
- "CEO ODISHA". archive.is. 19 February 2019. Archived from the original on 19 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.