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Jajpur (also known as Jajapur) is a town and a municipality in Jajpur district in the Indian state of Odisha. It was the capital of the Kesari dynasty, later supplanted by Cuttack. Now, it is the headquarter of Jajpur district.
The Biraja Temple in Jajpur
|Founded by||Jajati Keshari|
|Named for||Biraja Khetra|
|• Collector and District Magistrate of Jajpur||Chakravarti Singh Rathore|
|• Superintendent of Police||Shri.Charan Shing Meena|
|• Total||2,887.69 km2 (1,114.94 sq mi)|
|Elevation||8 m (26 ft)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||OD-04 &OD-34|
Etymology and namesEdit
Jajpur, the place of the ancient Biraja Temple, was originally known as Biraja. Other names of the town in the ancient texts include Viranja, Varanja-nagara, Varaha-tirtha. The Bhauma-Kara kings established their capital city of Guhadevapataka (or Guheshvarapataka), identified with modern Gohiratikar (or Gohiratikra) near Jajpur. The later Somavanshi kings moved their capital from Yayatinagara (modern Binka) to Guheshvarapataka, and renamed the town Abhinava-Yayatinagara ("the new city of Yayati").
Later, the Jajpur town came to be known as Yajanagara. According to one theory, this name is a corruption of "Yayatinagara". Another theory is that it derives from the Brahmanical sacrifices (Yajna) that became popular during the Ganga-Gajapati period (11th-16th century). In the Muslim chronicles such as Tabaqat-i-Nasiri and Tarikh-i-Firuzshahi, the town's name was mentioned as "Jajnagar". Later, the suffix "-nagar" ("town") was replaced with the equivalent "-pur", and the town's name became "Jajpur".
Earliest account of Jajpur is part of the history of the Odisha. It was the capital of Keshari King Yayati Keshari in 473 CE. Accounts by Chinese travelers mention Jajpur as capital in 7th century. It has been a center of Tantrism. The Buddhist kingdom of Bhauma Karas also kept Jajpur as their capital in 8th century CE. Many Buddhist structures have been unearthed in and around Jajpur that point to the Buddhist past of the town.
Geography and climateEdit
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Jajpur is located at  and has an average elevation of 8 metres (26 ft). The climate of Jajpur District is normal as per Indian standards. All the seasons arrive in the District at their usual time. The District's average height from the sea level is 331 m and its average rain fall is 1014.5 mm. The average maximum and minimum temperatures are 40 degree C and 10 degree C respectively. Overall, the climate of the District is neither hotter nor cooler. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the town receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 1014.5 mm. The winter season from November to February is characterised by mild temperatures and occasional showers.
|Climate data for Jajpur|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.2
|Average low °C (°F)||15.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||41.3
|Source: Jajpur Weather|
As of 2011 Indian Census, Jajpur municipality had a total population of 37,458, of which 19,216 were males and 18,242 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 3,823. The total number of literates in Jajpur was 29,975, which constituted 80.0% of the population with male literacy of 83.5% and female literacy of 76.4%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Jajpur was 89.1%, of which male literacy rate was 92.9% and female literacy rate was 85.1%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 6,363 and 565 respectively. Jajpur had 8198 households in 2011.
Current MLA from Jajpur Assembly Constituency is Pranab Prakash Das of BJD, who won the seat in State elections of 2009. He was elected the second time with a large vote margin. Previous MLAs from this seat were Parameswar Sethi who won this seat in 2004 and Suryamani Jena who won this seat in 2000 representing BJD and also in 1995 representing JD, Jagannath Mallik who won this seat representing JD in 1990 and also in 1985 and in 1977 representing JNP, and Niranjan Jena of INC(I) in 1980. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] Jajpur Assembly Constituency has been appointed as Minister of State MoS (Ind) Energy and Information Technology. Sri Pranab Prakash Das [MLA] is also entrusted to oversee Disability Welfare in the department of Women and Child Development as MoS
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)||Member of 14th Assembly||Party|
|48||Binjharpur||SC||Binjharpur, Dasarathpur (part)||Smt. Pramila Mallik||BJD|
|49||Bari||None||Bari, Jajpur (part), Rasulpur (part)||Sunanda Das||BJD|
|50||Barchana||None||Barchana||Amar Prasad Satpathy||BJD*|
|51||Dharmasala||None||Dharmasala, Rasulpur (part)||Pranab Balabantaray||BJD|
|52||Jajpur||None||Jajpur (M), Jajpur (part), Dasharathpur (part)||Pranab Prakash Das||BJD|
|53||Korei||None||Vyasanagar (M), Vyasanagar (O. G), Korei, Rasulpur (part)||Ashok Kumar Bal||BJD|
|54||Sukinda||None||Sukinda, Dangadi||Preeti Ranjan Ghadei||BJD|
- "Collector & District Magistrate of Jajpur District". District Portal Jajpur. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
- "Census of India: Jajpur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Rout, K.C. (1988). Local Self-government in British Orissa, 1869-1935. Daya Publishing House. p. 35. ISBN 978-81-7035-046-0. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- Thomas E. Donaldson 2001, p. 51.
- Thomas E. Donaldson 2001, p. 6.
- Kailash Chandra Dash 2010, p. 169.
- Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India); Asiatic Society of Bengal (1871). Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Bishop's College Press. p. 151. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- Deshpande, A. (2013). Buddhist India Rediscovered. Jaico Publishing House. p. 245. ISBN 978-81-8495-247-6. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Jajpur, India".
- "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 25-Jajapur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 24 September 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Kailash Chandra Dash (2010). "A traditional account on Yayati Keshari: Its formation and historical authenticity". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 71 (2010–2011): 165–178. JSTOR 44147485.
- Thomas E. Donaldson (2001). Iconography of the Buddhist Sculpture of Orissa. Abhinav. ISBN 978-81-7017-406-6.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Jājpur .|