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Debagarh (in Odia language), also known as Deogarh, is a city in Odisha state of eastern India. Located in the North-Western region of the state, it is the headquarters of Debagarh District that was created on 1 January 1994, after being bifurcated from Sambalpur District.

Deogarh
Bamanda-Bamra
City
Nickname(s): City of waterfalls
Deogarh is located in Odisha
Deogarh
Deogarh
Location in Odisha, India
Deogarh is located in India
Deogarh
Deogarh
Deogarh (India)
Coordinates: 21°32′N 84°44′E / 21.53°N 84.73°E / 21.53; 84.73Coordinates: 21°32′N 84°44′E / 21.53°N 84.73°E / 21.53; 84.73
Country India
StateOdisha
DistrictDeogarh
Government
 • BodyDeogarh Municipality
Elevation192 m (630 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total52,390
Demonym(s)ଦେବଗଡିଆ
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
 • Major local languageHo language
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN768108,768109
Vehicle registrationOD-28
UN/LOCODEIN DEB
Nearest city(s)Sambalpur, Rourkela & Bhubaneswar
Websitehttp://deogarh.nic.in[1]

Contents

GeographyEdit

Debagarh is located at 21°32′N 84°44′E / 21.53°N 84.73°E / 21.53; 84.73.[2] It has an average elevation of 192 m (630 ft).

Deogarh is located between 21o 31' 53" N Latitude and 84o 43' 2" E Longitude. Deogarh Town is 90 km to the east of Sambalpur City on N.H-6. National Highway No.6 passes through the district acts as the main artery of inter-regional trade and other links.

HistoryEdit

Debagarh is the former capital of Bamanda or Bamra princely state of British India. The king of this princely state belongs to Ganga vamsi dynasty and one of the extended royal family of Gajapati emperor of Odisha.

Raja Shri Basudeb Sudhal Deb (1869–1903) was an enlightened ruler, he did much to further conditions in princely state and for the cause of Oriya nationalism. His contribution was more towards Literature, Education and Art. He established an educational institution, which is currently well known as Raja Basu Dev High School. His son had equally contributed to the social, cultural and scientific development of Debagarh. Bamanda was the first princely state to introduce postal, telegraph and electricity in India. Currently Jagannath sahitya sansad is actively inspiring and promoting local talent in the field of art and literature in Oriya language. The sansad was a combined effort of some real patriotic and creative people like Sh. Jagamohan Mishra, Sh. Yogesh Dalbehera, Sh. Prafulla giri, Sh. Madhusudan Guru, Sh. durga Prasad Dwivedy, Sh. Prafulla Mahapatra.......etc. A beautiful waterfall PRADHANPAT decorates the town and supply the clean drinking water to the citizen. Pradhanpat ustav is celebrated annually near the fall.

Bamanda–the citadel of creative artists dates back to 5th century A.D. when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers came into power and established their capital at Deogarh. Deogarh attained all-round prosperity during the reign of Raja Basudev Sudhal Dev, the most enlightened rulers of this clan. A new horizon was innovated in the field of communication by the foundation of Jagannath Ballav press in 1886 and publication of a weekly magazine the "Sambalpur Hitaishini" in 1889. It was during his rule that the jail, police station, post offices, Dispensaries were established and irrigation system was introduced. He had a telephone line of 78 Miles connecting Bamara and Barkote in 1900 was the longest in India during that period. Bamanda's own postal system was very developed. It got affiliated to the British Postal system in 1895. Sir Sudhal Dev, the then King of Bamanda had coined and issued postage stamps in his own Kingdom. He had promulgated paper currency also in his state.

After him, his illustrious son Raja Sachidananda Tribhuban Dev undertook the improvement activities of the earstwhile estate. The most outstanding developmental activities was the introduction of the hydro-electric system in Kodarkot water fall by which the Palace, cloth loom, Sugar factory established in 1908 at Rambhei got power supply. During the reign of Bhanuganga Tribhuban Dev, the estate of Bamra was merged with Odisha i.e. on 1 January 1948 and it became a part of the District of Sambalpur.

TransportationEdit

1. Air: – The nearest airports for visiting places of interest in Deogarh District are at Bhubaneswar (265 km) and Raipur (376 km). A new airport is being constructed at Jharsuguda (98 km) .

2. Rail: - The nearest rail heads for Deogarh are at Sambalpur (90 km), Bamra on the Tatanagar-Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line (103 km), Jharsuguda (98 km) and Rourkela (115 km)

3. Road: - Deogarh is connected with NH6 (Part of AH46) (Mumbai-Kolkata) and NH200 (Raipur-Chandikhole).The city is 90 km from Sambalpur, 115 km from Rourkela and 265 km from Bhubaneswar.


DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census,[3] Debagarh had a population of 22,390. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Debagarh has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 74% and, female literacy is 59%. In the town, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

PoliticsEdit

Current MLA from Deogarh Sh.Nitish chandra Gangadev of Bharatiya Janata Party who won the seat in State elections of 2014 to previous MLAs from this seat include, Sh. Sanjib Pradhan of Biju Janata Dal in 2009, Sh.Nitish chandra ganga dev of congress who won this seat in 2004, Sh.Shubash ch. Panigrahi of BJP in 2000 and a byelection prior to it Pradipta Ganaga Deb of JD in 1995 and in 1990, Raj Kishore Pradhan of INC in 1985, Ashwini Kumar Behera of INC(I) in 1980, and Bhanu Ganga Tribhuban Deb of JNP in 1977.[4]

Deogarh is part of Deogarh (Lok Sabha constituency).[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Deogarh district".
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Debagarh
  3. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=400549
  4. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 134-Deogarh Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-27.
  5. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2008-09-27.