List of Russian censuses

A Russian census is a census of the population of Russia. Such a census has occurred at various irregular points in the history of Russia.

General Population Census
of the Russian Federation
Всеобщая перепись населения Российской Федерации
Vseobshchaya perepis' naseleniya Rossiyskoy Federatsiyi
Russian Federal State Statistics Service Emblem.svg
FrequencyDecennially (since 2010)
Country Russia
InauguratedFebruary 9, 1897; 125 years ago (1897-02-09)
Most recentOctober 1, 2021; 16 months ago (2021-10-01)
Next event2031
Organised byMinistry of Internal Affairs
(1897–1917)
Central Statistical Directorate
(1918–1987)
State Committee for Statistics
(1987–1991)
Federal State Statistics Service
(since 1991)
Websitegks.ru

Introduced in 1897 during the Russian Empire, the census took place decennially since 2010 according to the UN standards. Preparing and organizing the census is under the authority of the Federal State Statistics Service, branch of the Ministry of Economic Development since 2017.

HistoryEdit

Year Territory
(km2)
Total
population
Rank Density
per km2
Change Urban
population
Share Males Share Females Share Largest city Second
largest city
Ethnic
Russians
Share Ethnic
minorities
Notes
20 121 420 125 640 021   6.24   0.0% 16 828 395   13.4% 62 477 348   49.7% 63 162 673   50.3%   St. Petersburg
(1 264 920)
  Moscow
(est. 1 038 625)
55 667 469   44.3%
[a]
1920
est.
19 651 446
est.
136 800 000
  6.96   8.9% est.
20 900 000
  15.3%   Moscow
(est. 1 028 200)
  Petrograd
(est. 740 000)
[b]
19 651 446 100 891 244   5.13   26.2% 17 442 655   17.3% 48 170 635   47.7% 52 720 609   52.3%   Moscow
(2 025 947)
  Leningrad
(1 590 770)
74 072 096   73.4%
[c]
103 967 924   5.30   3.0% 34 373 245   33.1% 48 726 033   46.9% 55 241 891   53.1%   Moscow
(3 798 078)
  Leningrad
(2 814 474)
85 361 394   82.1%
[d][1]
109 397 463   5.57   5.2% 36 875 233   33.7% 51 593 770   47.2% 57 803 693   52.8%   Moscow
(4 131 633)
  Leningrad
(3 191 304)
90 306 276   82.5%
[e][2]
17 098 246 117 534 315   6.87   7.4% 62 059 783   52.8% 52 424 767   44.6% 65 109 548   55.4%   Moscow
(5 045 905)
  Leningrad
(3 121 196)
97 863 579   83.3%
[f][3]
130 079 210   7.61   10.7% 80 981 143   62.2% 59 324 787   45.6% 70 754 423   54.4%   Moscow
(6 941 961)
  Leningrad
(3 949 501)
107 747 630   82.8%
137 550 949   8.04   5.6% 95 373 867   69.3% 63 482 780   46.1% 74 068 169   53.9%   Moscow
(7 830 509)
  Leningrad
(4 588 183)
113 521 881   82.6%
147 021 869   8.60   7% 108 425 580   73.7% 69 039 087   46.9% 78 361 450   53.1%   Moscow
(8 769 117)
  Leningrad
(5 023 506)
119 865 946   81.5%
[g][4]
145 166 731   8.49   1.5% 106 429 049   73.3% 67 605 133   46.6% 77 561 598   53.4%   Moscow
(10 382 754)
  St. Petersburg
(4 661 219)
115 889 107   79.8%
[h]
142 856 536   8.35   1.6% 105 313 773   73.7% 66 046 579   46.2% 76 809 957   53.8%   Moscow
(11 503 501)
  St. Petersburg
(4 879 566)
111 016 896   77.7%
[i]
17 125 191 147 182 123   8.59   3.0% 110 075 322   74.8% 68 431 580   46.5% 78 750 543   53.5%   Moscow
(13 010 112)
  St. Petersburg
(5 601 911)
105 579 179   71.7%
[j][5]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The first census in Russian history. The first and only census of the Russian Empire. The overall territory of the Empire comprised est. 22 440 000 km2, but the 1897 census excluded the Grand Duchy of Finland except the capital city Gelsingfors (now Helsinki). Along with the numbers presented, the census also shows 13,276 of Finland's Russian population, 13,158 abroad travelling on warships, 10,308 of the Russian population in the Protectorate of Bukhara and 3,919 in the Khanate of Khiva. Ukrainians labeled as Little Russians. Turks include the turkic peoples of Russia, i.e. Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Turkmens, Azerbaijanis, Crimean Tatars, etc.
  2. ^ Took place during the Russian Civil War and the Soviet-Polish War. Excluded Crimea, the Far East, the Northern Caucasus and other territories.
  3. ^ The first full-scale census in the Soviet Union.
  4. ^ Initially set to take place in 1933, but was delayed multiple times due to Joseph Stalin's policies of collectivization, forced famine and political repression which lowered the population drastically. The only one-day census in the Russian history. Proclaimed defective by the Soviet government in September 1937.
  5. ^ Took place instead of the "defective" 1937 census.
  6. ^ The population increased markedly as a result of the Soviet Union's territorial expansion by World War II.
  7. ^ The last census of the Soviet Union.
  8. ^ The first census after the breakup of the USSR indicating a marked decline after the demographic crisis of the early 1990s. Compared to the population of the Soviet Union as of 1989, Russia lost 49.4% of the population, including approximately 30 million ethnic Russians.
  9. ^ The first census carried out by UN standards.
  10. ^ Includes Crimea, occupied and illegally annexed from Ukraine in 2014. Postponed in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1937 года: Общие итоги". docs.historyrussia.org.
  2. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2022-02-10.
  3. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2022-02-10.
  4. ^ "Демоскоп Weekly - Приложение. Справочник статистических показателей". www.demoscope.ru. Retrieved 2022-02-10.
  5. ^ "Росстат ― Всероссийская перепись населения 2020". rosstat.gov.ru. Retrieved 2022-11-08.