List of Egyptian mummies (officials, nobles, and commoners)

The following is a list of mummies that have been found in Egypt dating to the Pharaoh dynasties. This list includes people who were considered to be court officials, nobles, or commoners by historians. Some of these mummies have been found to be remarkably intact, while others have been damaged from tomb robbers and environmental conditions.

IdentifiedEdit

Name Role Year of Death Dynasty Gender Year discovered Image Description
Antjau 0525 525 BC 26th Male Un­known  
Asru 0700 700 BC 25th Female 1825 1825 N/A [1]
Djedmaatesankh Commoner Un­known 22nd Female Un­known  
Djedptahiufankh Second Prophet of Amun 0943 943 to 728 BC 22nd Male 0019 19th Century  
Djehutynakht Nomarch Un­known 11th/12th Male 1915 1915  
Henut Taui Priestess Un­known 21st Female Un­known N/A
Hornedjitef Priest 0220 c.220 BC Ptolemaic Male Un­known  
Imhotep (vizier) Vizier Un­known 18th Male 1903 1903-1905 N/A
Isetemkheb D Un­known 21st Female Un­known  
Iufaa Priest 0525 500 to 525 BC 26th Male 1996 1996 N/A
Kha and Merit Overseer of works Un­known 18th Both 1906 1906  
Lady Rai Nursemaid 1530 1530 BC 17th Female 1881 1881  
Maatkare Mutemhat Priestess Un­known 21st Female Un­known  
Maiherpri Noble Un­known 18th Male 1901 1901 N/A
Masaharta High Priest of Amun 1045 1045 BC 21st Male Un­known  
Meresamun Priestess 0800 c.800 BC 23rd Female 1920 1920  
Nehmes Bastet Temple singer Un­known 22nd Female 2012 2012 N/A
Neskhons Noble Un­known 21st Female 1881 1881  
Nesperennub 0800 800 BC 23rd Male? Un­known N/A [2][3]
Nefrina Commoner 0275 c.275 BC Ptolemaic Female 1930 1930 N/A
Nesyamun Priest 1100 c.1100 BC 20th Male 1823 1823 N/A
Nodjmet Noble 1064 1064 BC 20th/21st Female Un­known  
Pinedjem II High Priest of Amun 0969 969 BC 21st Male 1881 1881  
Qar Royal physician Un­known 0056th Male 2006 2006 N/A
Sattjeni Noble Un­known 12th Female 2016 2016 N/A The mummy of "Lady Sattjeni" was found in 2016. She was revealed to be the daughter of a governor, and a woman of high nobility.[4]
Sha-Amun-en-su Priestess Un­known 22nd Female 1876 1876 N/A This mummy was one of the very few that remained undisturbed in its sarcophagus since first mentioned in 1876. Sha-Amun-en-su lived during the 22nd dynasty, and was a priestess as well as a temple singer. Her mummy was destroyed in 2018 from a large-scale fire in the National Museum of Brazil, where she had been on display.
Tayuheret Singer of Amun Un­known 21st Female 1881 1881  
Usermontu Noble 0400 400 BC 26th Male 1971 1971  
Wah Estate manager 1975 c.1975 BC 12th Male 1920 1920 The mummy of Wah was discovered in a 1920 dig organized by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in Manhattan. The mummy was displayed for years before X-ray analysis revealed a number of small objects of value within the wrapping.[5][6] The outer layer of the body's linen wrappings were dyed red and inscribed with protective words.[7][8]
Yuya Courtier 1374 1374 BC 18th Male 1905 1905  

DisputedEdit

Assumed name(s) Dynasty Sex Year discovered Image Description
Senenmut 18th Male 1881 1881   This is another mummy that was found in DB320, and dubbed "Unknown Man C". Despite initial reporting, no conclusive link has been found that links the remains to Senenmut.

UnknownEdit

The following entries are mummies that have no conclusive identity. In the interim they have been given either nicknames or assumed names by historians until further research can be done.

Nickname Dynasty Sex Year discovered Image Description
1770 (mummy) Un­known Female Un­known N/A "1770 mummy" was approximately 13 or 14 years old at the time of her death. It is possible that an unsuccessful treatment of dracunculiasis was the cause as she died a few weeks after her surgery.[9][10][11][12]
Gebelein predynastic mummies 001Predynastic Both 1895 1895 - 1896   From 1895 to 1896, six unidentified mummies were found well preserved near Gebelein (modern name Naga el-Gherira) in the Egyptian desert. These mummies were the first complete predynastic bodies to be discovered.[13][14]
Kampp 150 mummy 18th Un­known 2017 2017 N/A The remains of a mummy were discovered in tomb "Kampp 150" sometime in December, 2017. The identification of the mummy remains unknown.[15]
Mer-Neith-it-es Un­known Female 2018 2018 N/A In March, 2018 a mummy was found in a sarcophagus that was first discovered in 1860 and labeled as "empty". Research is ongoing to determine who this mummy was and when she lived.[16]
Our Lady of the Nile 21st Female Un­known   "Our Lady of the Nile" is an unidentified mummy that was toured by a carnival operator in the 1920s after it had been acquired from Egypt at an unknown date. Eventually the mummy was donated to the St Petersburg Museum of History where it remains today.[17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Reconstructed head of Asru". Ancient-egypt.co.uk. 31 August 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  2. ^ British Museum: Mummy of Nesperennub
  3. ^ Taylor, John H. (2011). Mummy:Secrets of the Tomb (New American 2011 ed.). Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. pp. 8–9. ISBN 978-0-917046-98-8.
  4. ^ Stephanie Pappas (June 2, 2016). "Who Was Sattjeni? Tomb Reveals Secrets About Ancient Egyptian Elite". Life Science. Archived from the original on May 7, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  5. ^ WINLOCK, H. E. (1941). "Wah—Late of Thebes, Egypt". Scientific American. 164 (3): 150–152. Bibcode:1941SciAm.164..150W. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0341-150. ISSN 0036-8733. JSTOR 24966863.
  6. ^ "Science: Wah". Time. 1937-01-04. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  7. ^ St. Clair, Kassia (2016). The Secret Lives of Colour. London: John Murray. p. 150. ISBN 9781473630819. OCLC 936144129.
  8. ^ Phipps, Elena; N.Y.), Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York (2010). Cochineal Red: The Art History of a Color. Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 9781588393616.
  9. ^ Ancient Egyptian Medicine von John F. Nunn
  10. ^ "Under Wraps: Rosalie David in Conversation". Archaeology.org. 2001-02-06. Retrieved 2010-06-25.
  11. ^ "mummies — Parasitic infestation, Bilharzia haematobium". Jrank.org. Retrieved 2010-06-25.
  12. ^ Lauber, Patricia G. (1985). Tales Mummies Tell. Harper Collins. p. 128. ISBN 0690043899.
  13. ^ "Predynastic Egyptian Man (highlights)". British Museum. May 14, 2010. Archived from the original on November 2, 2007. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  14. ^ Bard, Kathryn A.; Shubert, Steven Blake (1999). Encyclopedia of the archaeology of ancient Egypt. Routledge. p. 338. ISBN 978-0-415-18589-9.
  15. ^ "3,500-Year-Old Tombs Uncovered in Egypt. One Has a Mummy". National Geographic. December 9, 2017. Archived from the original on February 6, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  16. ^ "Mummy found in Egyptian coffin that was thought to be empty". BBC News. BBC. 2018-03-27. Archived from the original on March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
  17. ^ Waveney Ann Moore (July 29, 2014). "TV show filming mummy exhibit at St. Pete History Museum". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2018.