The Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XVII, alternatively 17th Dynasty or Dynasty 17) was a dynasty of pharaohs that ruled in Upper Egypt during the late Second Intermediate Period, approximately from 1580 to 1550 BC. Its mainly Theban rulers are contemporary with the Hyksos of the Fifteenth Dynasty and succeed the Sixteenth Dynasty, which was also based in Thebes.
Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt
|c. 1580 BC–c. 1550 BC|
|Common languages||Egyptian language|
|Religion||ancient Egyptian religion|
|Historical era||Bronze Age|
|c. 1580 BC|
|c. 1550 BC|
In March 2012, French archeologists examining a limestone door in the Precinct of Amun-Re at Karnak discovered hieroglyphs with the name Senakhtenre, the first evidence of this king dating to his lifetime.
The last two kings of the dynasty opposed the Hyksos rule over Egypt and initiated a war that would rid Egypt of the Hyksos kings and began a period of unified rule, the New Kingdom of Egypt.
Some scholars have suggested that the Seventeenth dynasty of Egypt originated in Nubia due to the expanded presence of Nubians in Egypt during that time period and the craniofacial evidence from X-ray examinations of some pharaohs in this dynasty which displayed strong affinities with contemporary Nubians.
Pharaohs of the 17th DynastyEdit
The Pharaohs of the 17th Dynasty ruled for approximately 30 years. Known rulers of the 17th Dynasty are as follows:
|Pharaoh||Image||Throne Name / Prenomen||Reign||Burial||Consort(s)||Comments|
|Rahotep||Sekhemre-wahkhaw||c. 1585 BC|
|Sobekemsaf I||Sekhemre-wadjkhaw||7 years||Nubemhat|
|Sobekemsaf II||Sekhemre-shedtawy||Robbed during the reign of Ramesses IX||Nubkhaes|
|Intef V||Sekhemre-wepmaat||Dra' Abu el-Naga'?|
|Intef VI||Nubkheperre||Dra' Abu el-Naga'||Sobekemsaf|
|Tao||Seqenenre||c. 1560 (4 years)||Ahmose Inhapy
|Died in battle against the Hyksos|
|Kamose||Wadjkheperre||1555 to 1550 BC (5 years)||Ahhotep II?|
- Shaw, Ian, ed. (2000). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. p. 481. ISBN 0-19-815034-2.
- "A Pharaoh of the Seventeenth dynasty identified at Karnak". CFEETK – Centre Franco-Égyptien d'Étude des Temples de Karnak. Archived from the original on 2012-03-11.
- F. J. Yurco. "'Were the ancient Egyptians black or white?',". Biblical Archaeology Review. (Vol 15, no. 5, 1989): 35–37.
- Bruce., Redford, Donald (2006). From slave to pharaoh : the black experience of ancient Egypt. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 35–37. ISBN 978-0-8018-8544-0. OCLC 843428071.
- An X-ray atlas of the royal mummies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1980. pp. 207–208. ISBN 0226317455.
- K. S. B. Ryholt, Adam Bülow-Jacobse, The political situation in Egypt during the second intermediate period, c. 1800-1550 B.C., pp 168, 170, 171, 179, 204, 400