Line 8 (Beijing Subway)

Line 8 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁8号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě bāhàoxiàn), is a rapid transit line in Beijing. It sits on the central axis of Beijing. Line 8's color is green.

Line 8
BJS Line 8 icon.svg
朱辛庄站北京地铁8号线列车1.jpg
Line 8 train at Zhuxinzhuang station
Overview
Other name(s)M8 (planned name)
Olympic Branch Line (Chinese: 奥运支线)
StatusOperational
LocaleDongcheng, Chaoyang, Haidian, and Changping districts
Beijing
TerminiZhuxinzhuang - National Art Museum (North section)
Zhushi Kou - Yinghai (South section)
Stations19 (North section)
12 (South section)
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
Operator(s)Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Depot(s)Pingxifu, Yinghai
Rolling stock6-car Type B (SFM12, SFM42)
Daily ridership303,100 (2014 Avg.)[1]
431,000 (2014 Peak)[2]
History
OpenedJuly 19, 2008; 12 years ago (2008-07-19)
Technical
Line length28.5 km (17.7 mi) (North section)
16.4 km (10.2 mi) (South section)
CharacterUnderground & Elevated
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification750 V DC third rail
Operating speed80 km/h
Route map

Zhuxinzhuang
Yuzhi Lu
Pingxi Fu
Pingxifu depot
Huilongguan Dongdajie
Huoying
Yuxin
Xixiao Kou
Yongtaizhuang
Qing river
Lincui Qiao
water body of Olympic Forest Park
Forest Park South Gate
Olympic Park
Olympic Sports Center
Beitucheng
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Xiaoyue river
Anhua Qiao
Line 12 (to be opened 2021)
Andeli Beijie
North Hucheng river
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Gulou Dajie
Shichahai
Jin river
Nanluogu Xiang
National Art Museum
section between National Art Museum
and Zhushikou to be opened 2021
Jinyu Hutong
Wangfujing
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Qian Men
section between National Art Museum
and Zhushikou to be opened 2021
Zhushi Kou
Tianqiao
South Hucheng river
Yongdingmen Wai
Muxi Yuan
Haihutun
Liangshui river
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Dahong Men
(not open) Line 10
Dahongmen Nan (S)
Heyi
Donggaodi
Huojian Wanyuan
Wufutang
Demao
Yinghai
Yinghai depot

Currently, the line consists of two discontinuous line segments. The northern section (Zhuxinzhuang to National Art Museum) is 28.5 km (17.7 mi), with 19 stations. The southern section (Zhushikou to Yinghai) is 16.4 km (10.2 mi), with 12 stations.

Hours of OperationEdit

North SectionEdit

The first southbound train departs from Zhuxinzhuang at 5:10 am. The first northbound train departs from National Art Museum at 5:27 am.[3]

The last southbound train leaves Zhuxinzhuang at 10:05 pm. The last northbound train leaves National Art Museum at 11:05 pm.[3]

South SectionEdit

The first south-bound train departs from Zhushikou at 5:50 am. The first north-bound train departs from Yinghai at 5:15 am.[3]

The last south-bound train leaves Zhushikou at 11:35 pm. The last north-bound train leaves Yinghai at 11:00 pm.[3]

RouteEdit

North SectionEdit

In the north, Line 8 begins at Zhuxinzhuang on the Changping Line and heads east to Huilongguan Residential Area and then south through the Line 13 arc at Huoying, to the Olympic Park station on Line 15. The line enters the Line 10 loop at Beitucheng and then the Line 2 loop at Gulou Dajie before reaching Nanluogu Xiang on Line 6, and then to National Art Museum.

Apart from the Zhuxinzhuang station and an 1.7 km (1.1 mi) section of elevated track leading therefrom, the entire line runs underground.

South SectionEdit

The south section of Line 8, from Zhushikou to Yinghai, is 16.4 km long and has a 2.06 km elevated section. All stations are underground, except for Demao and Yinghai stations, which are elevated.

StationsEdit

Currently, the line consists of two discontinuous line segments.

North section: Zhuxinzhuang to National Art Museum.

South section: Zhushikou to Yinghai.

Service
routes
Station Name Connections Nearby Bus Stops Distance
km[4]
Location
North section South section English Chinese
Zhuxinzhuang 朱辛庄  Changping  417 463 560 871 880 898 899 专32 专49 专50 0.000 0.000 Changping
Yuzhi Lu 育知路 463 560 专80 专102 2.318 2.318
Pingxi Fu 平西府 344 428 460 461 996 专131 专192 1.985 4.303
Huilongguan Dongdajie 回龙观东大街 367 441 462 478 558 607 681 996 夜38 专21 专52 专78 专101 专192 专193 2.056 6.359
Huoying 霍营  13 
(  S2 via   HKP)
371 462 478 551 558 606 607 681 专21 专52 专160 专192 1.114 7.473
Yuxin 育新 315 355 371 379 393 398 432 462 606 607 614 617 693 专89 专139 1.894 9.367 Changping / Haidian
Xixiao Kou 西小口 379 专79 专89 1.543 10.910 Haidian
Yongtaizhuang 永泰庄 81 379 476 490 专43 专89 1.041 11.951
Lincui Qiao 林萃桥 81 379 478 510 专44 2.553 14.504 Chaoyang
Forest Park South Gate 森林公园南门 2.555 17.059
Olympic Park 奥林匹克公园  15  311 379 450 484 695 751 专40 1.016 18.075
Olympic Sports Center 奥体中心 607 1.667 19.742
Beitucheng 北土城  10  5 21 81 82 92 113 380 409 515 607 620 653 694 特2 夜6 夜9 专8 0.900 20.642
Anhua Qiao 安华桥 5 21 82 113 300 300快 302 328 361 380 387 409 601 604 607 671 847 921 944 特2 特8 夜6 夜30 1.018 21.660 Xicheng / Chaoyang
Andeli Beijie 安德里北街 60 82 380 409 特2 夜36 专7 1.274 22.934 Dongcheng
Gulou Dajie 鼓楼大街  2  27 44 60 82 380 409 特12 夜20 夜36 专51 1.083 24.017 Dongcheng / Xicheng
Shichahai 什刹海 5 60 82 107 124 635 观光3 夜2 夜10 1.188 25.205
Nanluogu Xiang 南锣鼓巷  6  3 13 42 60 82 115 118 612 701 夜3 夜21 0.902 26.107 Dongcheng
National Art Museum 中国美术馆 2 58 101 104 108 109 111 112 128 夜13 夜18 夜21 1.437 27.544
Jinyu Hutong 金鱼胡同
Wangfujing 王府井
Qian Men 前门
Zhushi Kou 珠市口  7  2 5 20 23 48 57 59 66 93 120 622 观光1 特11 夜2 夜7 夜10 夜17 夜18 0.000 0.000 Dongcheng / Xicheng
Tianqiao 天桥 2 7 15 20 35 36 53 71 72 90 93 105 106 110 120 622 BRT1(快速公交1) 观光1 特11 夜2 夜11 专153 0.881 0.881
Yongdingmen Wai 永定门外  14  2 7 25 40 71 72 93 120 622 828 849 943 997 BRT1(快速公交1) 夜2 专153 1.800 2.681 Dongcheng
Muxi Yuan 木樨园 2 50 51 54 62 71 72 93 120 300 300快 324 366快 497 526 622 652 665 678 679 687 820 827 828 839 848 849 943 954 957 973 997 BRT1(快速公交1) 特8 夜2 夜23 夜24 夜30 专18 专130 0.741 3.422
Haihutun 海户屯 54 71 324 526 622 678 687 827 954 BRT1(快速公交1) 夜2 专34 0.845 4.267 Fengtai
Dahong Men 大红门
Dahongmen Nan (S) 大红门南 54 324 343 366 485 501 511 526 602 622 685 687 740 825 827 829 954 990 BRT1(快速公交1) 特9 夜2 专13 专163 1.678 5.945
Heyi 和义 54 324 366 485 501 526 622 685 827 954 BRT1(快速公交1) 夜2 2.446 8.391
Donggaodi 东高地 324 353 354 366 501 526 556 622 685 954 BRT1(快速公交1) 夜2 1.537 9.928
Huojian Wanyuan 火箭万源 526 576 680 BRT1(快速公交1) 1.215 11.143
Wufutang 五福堂 526 555 576 680 926 BRT1(快速公交1) 1.684 12.827 Daxing
Demao 德茂 341 453 526 555 926 专56 2.076 14.903
Yinghai 瀛海 341 526 555 573 926 专56 专83 1.510 16.413

History and Future DevelopmentEdit

Line 8 has been planned and built in several phases.

Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
South Gate of Forest Park — Beitucheng 19 July 2008 3.583 km (2.23 mi) 3 Phase 1 (Olympic Branch line)
Olympic Sports Center 10 October 2008 Infill station 1
Huilongguan Dongdajie — South Gate of Forest Park 31 December 2011 10.700 km (6.65 mi) 6 Phase 2 (northern section)
Beitucheng — Guloudajie 30 December 2012 3.375 km (2.10 mi) 2 Phase 2 (1st southern section)
Guloudajie — Nanluoguxiang 28 December 2013 2.090 km (1.30 mi) 2 Phase 2 (2nd southern section)
Zhuxinzhuang — Huilongguan Dongdajie 6.359 km (3.95 mi) 3 Changping & Line 8 connector project
Andelibeijie 26 December 2015 Infill station 1
Nanluoguxiang — National Art Museum 30 December 2018 1.88 km (1.17 mi)[5] 1 Phase 2 (3rd southern section)
Zhushikou — Yinghai 16.4 km (10.19 mi) 12 Phase 3 (southern section) & Phase 4
Forest motif inside the station
Olympic Green Station platform
Beitucheng Station platform

Phase I (Olympic Branch Line)Edit

Line 8 was planned as the subway line that follows Beijing's central north–south axis.[6][7] The first section of Line 8 to be built was the four-station segment from Beitucheng to Forest Park South Gate, 4.35 km (2.70 mi) in length, that serves the Olympic Green. This section was included in Beijing's bid for the 2008 Summer Olympics, which was awarded to the city in 2001. Originally, Beijing's subway planners also considered building a subway extension line off of Line 13 or Line 5 to serve the Olympic Green but ultimately chose to build Line 8 as a branch off of Line 10.[8] Construction began in 2004.[9] With other Olympic venues also under construction, Phase I of Line 8 was built using the cut-and-cover method to reduce the difficulty of construction.[10] The Olympic Branch Line, as Line 8 Phase I was known, entered into operation together with Line 10 on July 19, 2008. It serves the Olympic Green, located due north of the city centre, during the 2008 Summer Olympics. The Phase I only included 4 stations. Access was originally restricted to riders with an Olympic Register Card or a ticket to an event at the Olympic Games or Paralympic Games on the day of the event. In early October 2008, the line was fully opened to the public.

Phase IIEdit

On December 8, 2007, while Phase I of Line 8 was still under construction, work began on Phase II to extend Line 8 in both directions along the city's north–south central axis.[11] In Phase II was estimated to cost ¥10.1 billion and was scheduled to be completed by 2012.[12][13]

Northern extension to Huilongguan DongdajieEdit

The northern extension to Huilongguan Dongdajie, 10.7 km (6.6 mi) in length with 6 stations, extended Line 8 from the South Gate of Forest Park to Huilongguan Dongdajie in Changping District beyond the Line 13 arc. Land clearing for Phase II began in December 2007.[12][14] Tunnel boring machines began work on October 16, 2009.[15] In the fall of 2011, the entire Line 8 shut down and the entire line including the Phase II northern extension reopened on December 31, 2011.[15][16]

The Lincuiqiao station, just west of the Olympic Forest Park, was originally planned as an emergency stop, but was added at the behest of nearby residents and their municipal people's congress representative, Tian Yuan, who argued that the 5.1 km (3.2 mi) gap between South Gate of Forest Park and Yongtaizhuang made subway access inconvenient for residents along Lincui Road.[17] Lincuiqiao was officially added as a station to Phase II plans in December 2008.

Southern extension to GuloudajieEdit

The southern extension to Guloudajie, 3.28 km (2.04 mi) in length, opened on December 30, 2012. Travel time from Huilongguan to the Second Ring Road was reduced by a half-hour.[18] Daily ridership reached 203,000 in March 2013.[19]

Phase II sections opened at the end of 2013Edit

On December 28, 2013, Line 8 reached 26.614 km (16.537 mi) in length with the opening of the Changping-Line 8 Connector and the southern extension to Nanluoguxiang.[20][21]

Changping-Line 8 ConnectorEdit

 
Line 8 train at the Zhuxinzhuang Station

The Changping-Line 8 Connector, also known as the Changba Connector Line (昌八联络线) or Changba Connector, is a 6.3-kilometre-long (3.9 mi) extension of Line 8 from Huilongguan Dongdajie to Zhuxinzhuang on the Changping Line.[20] The Changba Connector contains three stations: Pingxifu, Yuzhilu and Zhuxinzhuang, and forms the northernmost section of Line 8.[20] The Changba Connector was designed to alleviate passenger traffic on Line 13 by allowing Changping Line riders heading to destinations in eastern Beijing to switch to Line 8 at Zhuxingzhuang instead of transferring to Line 13 at Xi'erqi. The connector was built from April 2011 to September 2013 and entered operation at the end of 2013.[20][21]

Southern extension to NanluoguxiangEdit

South of Guloudajie, Line 8 was extended a further 2.16 km (1.34 mi) through Shichahai station to Nanluogu Xiang station on December 28, 2013.[22]

Phase II southern extension to National Art MuseumEdit

The one-station extension from Nanluoguxiang to National Art Museum was opened on 30 December 2018.[23][24]

Phase III & IVEdit

In Phase III & IV, Line 8 will be extended further south from the National Art Museum through Qianmen and Yongdingmen to beyond the southern 5th Ring Road. The line will veer to the east of the central axis to avoid passing under the Forbidden City and Tian'anmen Square, before returning to the central axis alignment at Qianmen.

Planning began in 2009.[25] Plans of Line 8 in Phase III & IV showed 16 stations for 21.0 km (13.0 mi).[26] Phase III includes 14 stations and Phase IV includes 2 stations, Demao and Yinghai. Phase III was scheduled to be built by 2015[27] but the commencement of construction was not set to begin until October 2013.[28]

On 30 December 2018, the southernmost section of Phase III, and Phase IV, from Zhushikou to Yinghai was opened (12 stations were opened, Dahongmen was not opened).[23][24]

The section between National Art Museum and Zhushikou, which includes 3 stations (Jinyu Hutong, Wangfujing and Qianmen) will be opened in 2021.[26]

Rolling StockEdit

During the Olympics Line 8 borrowed DKZ15 trains from Line 10; after the opening of the first sections of Phase II new CSR Sifang Locomotive SFM12 trains dedicated to Line 8 were rolled out.[29]

Inside a Line 8 train
Line 8 train
Model Image Manufacturer Year Built Amount in Service Fleet Numbers Depot
SFM12   CRRC Qingdao Sifang
Beijing Subway Rolling Stock Equipment
2010 40 08 001–08 040 Pingxifu
Yinghai
SFM42   2019 72 08 041–08 112

NotesEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 晚高峰加小圈车 地铁6号线满载率降12%. 首都之窗. 2014-08-22. Archived from the original on 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2014-09-14.
  2. ^ 4月30日北京地铁日客运量再创新纪录. Beijing Subway. 2014-05-01. Retrieved 2015-05-04.
  3. ^ a b c d http://www.bjsubway.com/e/action/ListInfo/?classid=39&ph=1
  4. ^ "8号线路网车站站间距信息". Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  5. ^ "两条地铁线路年内将"升级"". 2018-10-18.
  6. ^ "北京地铁周末"三线齐发" 机场线票价尚未公布". 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  7. ^ "穿越时代与历史轴线 北京地铁八号线兼顾生活与休闲". 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2009-07-28.
  8. ^ (Chinese) "北京奥运场馆明年七月动工 会徽已有满意方案" 2002-12-30
  9. ^ (Chinese) "北京市3条在建地铁今年完成投资40亿元" Archived 2015-09-23 at the Wayback Machine 2004-12-16
  10. ^ "地铁10号线一期和奥运支线线路示意图". 北京市交通委员会. Retrieved 2009-07-28.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ (Chinese) "北京5条地铁新线同时开工 总里程近140公里" 2007-12-10
  12. ^ a b Line 8 Phase II Information Page at the Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co. Ltd.
  13. ^ (Chinese) 北京地铁10号线和8号线将于2012年通车 北京晨报 Oct. 8, 2008
  14. ^ The Changping District government commenced land clearing for Line 8's extension in December 2007. (Chinese)北京地铁8号线昌平站点启动拆迁_新浪房产_新浪网 Jan. 30, 2008
  15. ^ a b (Chinese) 北京地铁8号线开始盾构施工 Xinhua Oct. 17, 2009
  16. ^ Xu Wei, "Beijing launches three new subway sections" China Daily 2012-01-01
  17. ^ (Chinese) Hailiang Wang and Nan Yin, "北京地铁8号线规划增设林萃桥南站" 北京晨报[permanent dead link] Dec. 29, 2008
  18. ^ (Chinese)北京地铁公布最新线路全图, Beijing Youth Daily, 2012-12-12.
  19. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
  20. ^ a b c d (Chinese) 运行时间10分钟, 北京青年报[permanent dead link] 2013-10-08
  21. ^ a b (Chinese) "京地铁8号线南北新线周六开通 中国美术馆站暂缓开通" <北京晚报> Archived 2014-01-05 at the Wayback Machine 2013-12-25
  22. ^ (Chinese)北京地铁公布最新线路全图, Beijing Youth Daily, 2012-12-12"
  23. ^ a b http://news.ynet.com/2018/12/30/1600990t70.html
  24. ^ a b http://www.bjnews.com.cn/news/2018/09/20/506708.html
  25. ^ 北京地铁8号线二期将南延至大兴区 (in Chinese). The Beijing News. 2009-05-27.
  26. ^ a b http://bj.people.com.cn/n2/2018/0907/c82840-32025686.html
  27. ^ Wang Yi (王祎) (2011-06-15). 北京地铁八号线三期 初步规划14站. Fazhi Wanbao (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-01-02.
  28. ^ 北京地铁8号线三期本月开工 预计2017年建成. Beijing Youth Daily. 2013-10-04.
  29. ^ 北京三条地铁新线今日14时开通 北京西站通地铁

External linksEdit