Line 6 (Beijing Subway)

Line 6 of the Beijing Subway (Chinese: 北京地铁6号线; pinyin: běijīng dìtiě liùhào xiàn) is a rapid transit rail line in Beijing. The line runs from Jin'anqiao in Shijingshan District to Lucheng in Tongzhou District. It serves important residential areas such as Changying, Chaoqing, and Dingfuzhuang,[5] in addition to important commercial and business areas such as Financial Street, Beijing CBD and the sub-administrative center in Tongzhou District.[6][7][8] Like Line 7, Line 6 provides relief to the parallel Line 1, which is the second most used subway line in Beijing, after Line 10. Line 6 is the second longest subway line in Beijing (only Line 10 is longer). A complete journey from end to end takes about an hour and 25 minutes on a local train and express trains reducing end to end travel time by 7 minutes.[9]

Line 6
BJS Line 6 icon.svg
慈寿寺站6号线站台.JPG
Overview
Other name(s)M6 (planned name)
LocaleTongzhou, Chaoyang, Dongcheng, Xicheng, Haidian and Shijingshan districts
Beijing
TerminiJin'an Qiao
Lucheng
Stations32
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemBeijing Subway
Operator(s)Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corp., Ltd
Rolling stock8-car Type B (DKZ47)
Daily ridership601,900 (2014 avg.)[1][2]
1.07 million (2018 peak)[3]
History
OpenedDecember 30, 2012; 8 years ago (2012-12-30)
Technical
Line length53.4 km (33.2 mi)[4]
CharacterUnderground
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification1500 V Overhead line
Operating speed100 km/h (62 mph)
Route map

Line 11 (to be opened 2021)
Jin'an Qiao
Pingguo Yuan (not yet opened)
Line 1 (closed for renovation)
Left arrow Sihui Dong (E)Fushouling (to be opened 2021) Right arrow
Yangzhuang
Xihuangcun
Liaogongzhuang
101 line railway crossing
Tiancun
Yongding River diversion canal
Haidian Wuluju
Wulu yard
connects line 10
Cishou Si
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Jingmi diversion canal
Huayuan Qiao
Baishiqiao Nan (S)
Erligou
Line 16 (to be opened 2021)
Chegongzhuang Xi (W)
Chegongzhuang
Left arrow outer – inner Right arrow
Ping'an Li
Line 19 (to be opened 2021)
Beihai Bei (N)
Nanluogu Xiang
Dongsi
Chaoyang Men
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Dongdaqiao
Line 17 (to be opened 2022)
Line 28 (under planning)
Hujialou
Left arrow inner – outer Right arrow
Jintai Lu
Honglinjin Lake diversion canal
Shilipu
Qingnian Lu
Dalianpo
Huangqu
overtaking for speed trains
Changying
overtaking for speed trains
Caofang
overtaking for speed trains
Wuliqiao depot
Wuzi Xueyuan Lu
overtaking for speed trains
Tongzhou Beiguan
overtaking for speed trains
Tongyun Men
not yet opened
Beiyunhe Xi (W)
overtaking for speed trains
North canal
Beiyunhe Dong (E)
overtaking for speed trains
Haojia Fu
Fengzi ditch
Dongxia Yuan
Lucheng
Dongxiaoying depot

Line 6 uses 8-car size B train sets accommodating 1,960 people.[10] The trains are capable of reaching the speed of 100 km/h (62 mph). Stations to the east of the 3rd Ring Road to Tongzhou are more widely spaced, the furthest being 4 km (2.5 mi) apart. Line 6 also has the deepest station in the network, Dongsi station, which is 34 meters underground.[11] The line uses 1500 V overhead catenary as opposed to 750 V third rail used on other lines.[12] Some of the station arrangements were the first of their kind in Beijing. Beijing's first split platform station, Nanluoguxiang station, and stations equipped with passing tracks, opened on Line 6.[6]

StationsEdit

Stations from west to east:[13]

Service Route
[9][14]
Station name Connections Nearby bus stops Distance
km[15]
Location
L Ex English Chinese
Jin'an Qiao 金安桥  S1  325 336 337 358 370 396 472 489 876 892 921 929 931 932 941 941快 948 959 961 977 977快 981 BRT4(快速公交4) 专61 专110 专148 0.000 0.000 Shijingshan
Pingguo Yuan 苹果园  1   S1 
Yangzhuang 杨庄 325 336 358 370 396 399 472 527 597 663 664 876 921 932 941快 958 961 972 977 977快 981 BRT4(快速公交4) 专108 专152 2.277 2.277
Xihuangcun 西黄村 336 370 389 875 941快 977 981 1.792 4.069
Liaogongzhuang 廖公庄 336 370 373 389 688 875 914 941快 977 981 1.794 5.863
Tiancun 田村 336 389 568 610 688 941快 977 981 BRT4(快速公交4) 专109 专129 专147 2.276 8.139
Haidian Wuluju 海淀五路居 61 73 92 121 334 335 336 400 400快 414 450 469 505 507 585 611 644 653 658 688 698 952 981 982 983 夜3 夜13 专98 2.140 10.279 Haidian
Cishou Si 慈寿寺  10  33 40 61 73 85 481 507 632 夜3 专98 1.508 11.787
Huayuan Qiao 花园桥 4 27 61 73 74 77 86 118 300 323 368 374 394 437 603 634 645 653 693 967 夜3 夜30 1.431 13.218
Baishiqiao Nan (S) 白石桥南  9  4 27 61 86 92 114 118 320 653 693 夜3 1.166 14.384
Erligou 二里沟  16  Haidian / Xicheng
Chegongzhuang Xi (W) 车公庄西 4 15 19 26 56 65 94 107 118 129 693 夜3 夜14 1.664 16.048 Xicheng
Chegongzhuang 车公庄  2  4 19 21 44 69 80 107 118 200 332 387 618 632 686 693 694 夜3 夜8 夜20 夜21 0.887 16.935
Ping'an Li 平安里  4  3 4 13 22 38 42 88 105 107 111 118 143 409 夜3 夜4 夜10 夜21 1.443 18.378
Beihai Bei (N) 北海北 3 4 13 42 107 111 118 612 观光3 夜3 夜10 夜21 1.321 19.699
Nanluogu Xiang 南锣鼓巷  8  3 4 13 42 60 82 115 118 612 夜3 夜21 1.349 21.048 Dongcheng
Dongsi 东四  5  58 84 101 106 109 110 112 116 128 夜10 夜13 1.937 22.985
Chaoyang Men 朝阳门  2  44 58 75 101 109 110 112 139 142 200 BRT2(快速公交2) 夜13 夜20 1.399 24.384 Dongcheng / Chaoyang
Dongdaqiao 东大桥 28 43 75 98 101 109 110 112 118 120 126 139 350 403 515 615 BRT2(快速公交2) 夜6 夜13 夜24 专114 1.668 26.052 Chaoyang
Hujialou 呼家楼  10  75 113 115 126 140 350 368 405 650 671 687 BRT2(快速公交2) 夜6 夜30 夜34 专114 0.845 26.897
Jintai Lu 金台路  14  9 30 31 75 117 126 135 140 419 421 486 619 640 682 973 985 988 夜6 夜25 1.450 28.347
Shilipu 十里堡 75 126 138 140 486 640 675 682 991 夜3 夜6 2.036 30.383
Qingnian Lu 青年路 75 126 419 451 468 499 553 605 675 682 911 991 夜3 夜6 夜13 专141 专194 1.282 31.665
Dalianpo 褡裢坡 499 517 675 911 3.999 35.664
Huangqu 黄渠 499 517 583 675 911 1.238 36.902
Changying 常营 488 586 587 639 675 911 专39 1.854 38.756
Caofang 草房 306 488 499 517 587 639 675 824 911 专39 专175 1.405 40.161
Wuzi Xueyuan Lu 物资学院路 435 587 675 813 824 911 专158 2.115 42.276 Tongzhou
Tongzhou Beiguan 通州北关 316 342 435 582 587 911 924 专64 专77 专88 专157 2.557 44.833
Tongyun Men 通运门
Beiyunhe Xi (W) 北运河西 317 552 809 专208 3.011 47.844
Beiyunhe Dong (E) 北运河东 312 442 夜29 专203 1.599 49.443
Haojia Fu 郝家府 312 442 夜29 专203 专205 专206 0.929 50.372
Dongxia Yuan 东夏园 312 442 804 819 822 893 894 夜29 专203 专205 专206 1.346 51.718
Lucheng 潞城 312 442 804 819 822 893 894 夜29 专203 专205 1.194 52.912


PlanningEdit

Line 6 was originally planned to be an east–west line passing under Chaoyang Avenue continuing straight westward. However, this alignment would make the central section of Line 6 tunnel extremely close to the Forbidden City. Issues of historic conservation and protection were raised against the proposed alignment. To avoid damaging cultural relics in the area, the entire western and middle section of line 6 was shifted 1.5 km (0.93 mi) northward to Ping'an Avenue, forming the route of Line 6 today.[16][17] Line 6 started construction on December 8, 2007 as one of the "horizontal" east-west lines of the "three-ring, four horizontal and five vertical and seven radial" Beijing Subway masterplan.[18] Construction is planned in three phases, the first phase in central Beijing, followed by extensions into the eastern and western suburbs.

Line 6 was projected to have a short term volume of 700,000 passengers per day and a long term daily passenger traffic of 1.4 million passengers. Though due to its alignment through some of Beijing's densest residential neighborhoods and paralleling the overcapacity and busy Line 1, some industry leaders believed that the average daily passenger flow of the line may reach 1.4 million passengers per day sooner than expected.[12] Within the first few months of operation, weekday ridership was at 320,000 passengers. However, by 2014, daily ridership had risen to 700,000 with sections operating at 100% capacity during rush hour. Authorities responded by adding more trains and shortening headway to reduce crowding on the line.[2]

Phase IEdit

 
Route map of Line 6 Phase I

In Phase I, Line 6 runs 30 km (19 mi) from Haidian Wuluju in Haidian District to Caofang in Chaoyang District following Linglong Road, Sanlihe Road, Chaoyang North Road, the west bank of the Grand Canal, and Yunhe East Road. In Phase I, there were 20 stations except the reserved Erligou station. Construction began in December 2007 and was completed in 2012. Total investment for Phase I was estimated at ¥19.7 billion.[13]

Line 6 in Phase I was originally slated to have elevated tracks for 7 km (4.3 mi), east of the 5th Ring Road, from Dingfuzhuang and Changying. After residents along the route raised concerns about train noise, planners reconsidered and ultimately decided to keep all of Phase I underground.[19][20][21] This made the first phase of Line 6 completely underground.[22]

Phase II (eastern extension)Edit

 
Route map of Line 6 Phase II

In Phase II, which opened in 2014, Line 6 was extended further east by about 12 km (7.5 mi) through seven stations from Caofang to Lucheng in Tongzhou New Town. Like Phase I, the Phase II track is entirely underground.

The extension was designed to have express and local services using passing tracks at select stations.[23] However, due to a shortage of rolling stock, express services have yet to be implemented when the Phase II opens in 2014. In 2018, the government announced that sufficient rolling stock had arrived to begin implementing an express service.[24][25] Express services started operating on March 31, 2020.[9]

Phase III (western extension)Edit

Line 6 was originally planned to terminate at Cishousi Station with the S1 Line continuing the line westward. In 2011, because of issues of low capacity and electromagnetic radiation concerns of Maglev technology, city planning authorities proposed to detach several stations from the S1 line. This would extend Line 6 10.556-km west with six stations from Jin'anqiao to Haidian Wuluju (the western terminus of Phase I).[26][27][28] All stations are below ground.[29] This replaced the S1 Line section between Cishousi and Pingguoyuan station.[30] Later the plan was revised with Line 6 being further extended westward beyond Pingguoyuan to Jin'anqiao station, paralleling the S1 Line.[29] The revision was formalized and submitted to the National Development and Reform Commission for review in March 2012.[29]

HistoryEdit

  • As of October 2007, Line 6 was planned to feature both express and local stations, but those plans have not been incorporated into the construction of Phase I.[31]
  • On March 22, 2010, the tunneling work on Line 6 commenced near Shilipu in Chaoyang District.[32]
  • As of November 2010, plans for Phase II contained distinct express and local stations.[33]
  • On December 30, 2012, the Phase I stations opened, except for Erligou.
  • On December 28, 2014, the Phase II stations opened, except for Tongyun Men and Beiyunhe Dong (E).
  • On December 30, 2018, the Phase III stations, except for Pingguo Yuan, were opened. An infill station on Phase II, Beiyunhe Dong (E) station, was also opened.
Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Haidian Wuluju — Caofang 30 December 2012 29.882 km (18.57 mi) 20 Phase 1
Caofang — Lucheng 28 December 2014 12.751 km (7.92 mi) 6 Phase 2
Beiyunhe Dong (E) 30 December 2018 infill station 1
Jin'an Qiao — Haidian Wuluju 10.556 km (6.56 mi)[28] 5 Phase 3

Rolling StockEdit

Model Image Manufacturer Year Built Amount in Service Fleet Numbers Depot
DKZ47   CRRC Changchun Railway Vehicles 2011
2013
2018
99 06 001–06 099 Wulu
Wuliqiao
Dongxiaoying

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 客流信息. Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2015-03-20.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy" 晚高峰加小圈车 地铁6号线满载率降12%. 首都之窗. 2014-08-22. Archived from the original on 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2014-09-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "北京轨道交通日客运量首破1300万人次". 中国新闻社. 2018-07-14. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  4. ^ http://www.xinhuanet.com/local/2018-12/28/c_1123916410.htm
  5. ^ 6号线助力朝北新盘崛起. 2012-11-30. Archived from the original on 2015-05-09. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  6. ^ a b 轨道交通6号线预计年底试运营 五项第一彰显北京地铁新奇迹. Beijing Municipal Transportation Committee (北京市交通委员会). 2012-09-26. Archived from the original on 2012-11-11. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
  7. ^ 北京地铁6号线西延通过专家评审 全长52公里共33站. 2012-11-14. Archived from the original on 2013-01-12. Retrieved 2012-12-29.
  8. ^ Wen Ru (温薷); Wang Jianing (王嘉宁) (2013-03-15). 地铁六号线二期拟增至8站点. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
  9. ^ a b c "四条地铁线开行大站快车". Beijing Evening News. 2020-03-31. Archived from the original on 2020-08-12.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" 4条地铁线将装屏蔽门. 法制晚报. 2010-01-20. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2012-08-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ New Beijing subway to ease traffic congestion, Wu Wenjie, deputy director of China Railway Tunnel Group, China Daily. Reporter ZHENG Xin.[1] 2012-11-26.
  12. ^ a b "Archived copy" 四条地铁新线12月28日同步开通(图). 163.com. 2012-08-31. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2012-09-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ a b (Chinese) Beijing Infrastructure Investment Co., Ltd. Line 6 Plan, BII Accessed on September 6, 2008
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  15. ^ "6号线路网车站站间距信息". Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  16. ^ Archived copy 《超级工程》第三集《北京地铁网络》. China Central Television. Event occurs at 07:20. Archived from the original on 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2012-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  19. ^ 北京地铁6号线可能噪音扰民 有望改走地下 ->(行业动态)->行业动态->筑龙网
  20. ^ 北京市规划委员会关于北京地铁6号线高架线的复函 - 房产 - 青传媒 Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "北京市规划委回复人民热线:地铁6号线一期工程均为地下线" 人民网 October 13, 2008
  22. ^ "Archived copy" 轨道交通6号线一期工程规划方案公告. 北京市规划委员会. 2010-01-14. Archived from the original on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2012-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "北京地铁6号线二期明年年底"开跑" 共设8站将开行大站快车". People's Daily. 2013-11-13. Archived from the original on 2018-08-04.
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  26. ^ (in Chinese)北京地铁6号线西延段放弃采用磁悬浮形式 July 2, 2011
  27. ^ (Chinese)"地铁6号线将西延至杨庄东街" 2012-03-23
  28. ^ a b "两条地铁线路年内将"升级"". 2018-10-18.
  29. ^ a b c "Archived copy" 北京地铁6号线西延工程变更公示. 中国铁道科学研究院. 2013-11-21. Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2013-11-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  30. ^ "Archived copy" 8号线3期6号线西延将开工 2015年总里程666公里. 2011-04-27. Archived from the original on 2011-12-14. Retrieved 2012-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ "Archived copy" 北京地铁6号线方案获批复 将尝试大站快车(图)_TOM新闻 (in Chinese). 2007-10-30. Archived from the original on 2007-11-02. Retrieved 2008-07-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  33. ^ (Chinese) 2010-11-18