José Levy Fidelix da Cruz (born December 27, 1951) is a Brazilian conservative politician, businessman and journalist. He is the founder of the Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (PRTB) and ran for president of Brazil in the elections of 2010 and 2014. He is particularly known in Brazil for his promise of building a bullet train system connecting São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro (the aerotrem) and for his controversial declarations about homosexuals during a political debate in 2014. He has run for several political posts but to date has never won one.
|President of the Labour Renewal Party|
|Assumed office |
December 27, 1994
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Born||27 December 1951|
Mutum, Minas Gerais, Brazil
|Political party||Labour Renewal Party (PRTB)|
|Alma mater||Fluminense Federal University|
Fidelix was born in the town of Mutum, Minas Gerais in 1951 to Jarbas Fidelix, a merchant who worked in the field of transportation, and Lecy Araújo, an educator. He moved to Rio de Janeiro, then the capital of Brazil, and studied communication science at the Fluminense Federal University, but he didn't graduate. He later became a journalist and professional advertiser. Fidelix is Roman Catholic.
At the age of 24, he founded the advertising agency Staff Publicidade and worked also as a design director at Art&Som and Vogue Publicidade. As a journalist, he worked for Correio da Manhã and Última Hora, where he revised the Diário Oficial da União.
Fidelix worked for the government as a communications assistant and created Agricultura Urgente, the first national bulletin of agriculture. Through Agricultura Urgente, he launched Brazil's first ecological campaign, which earned him a presidential medal. He co-founded the business magazine Governo e Empresa and the political magazine O Poder. Around 1976, he was the chief communications officer of Estanave, a company related to Petrobras.
In 1982, he founded Interface, the first Brazilian magazine about informatics. In 1983, he moved to São Paulo, where he worked for two years as an anchorman for TV Informátika, a TV program about informatics, in which he interviewed specialists and politicians.
In 1989 and 1990, he worked as a communications assistant for Fernando Collor's presidential campaign. In 1994, he founded PRTB, his current party, and tried to run for president for the first time but was unable to register. He subsequently ran for Mayor of São Paulo in 1996 (receiving 3,608 votes or 0,068% of the total), Governor of São Paulo in 1998 (receiving 14,406 votes) and 2002 (8,654 votes), Alderman of São Paulo in 2004 (3,382 votes), Federal Deputy in 2006 (5,518 votes) and Mayor of São Paulo in 2008 (receiving 0,09% of the vote).
In 2010, he ran for president of Brazil for the first time and was the seventh candidate to get the most votes (57,960 or 0,06% of the total). He ran for Mayor of São Paulo in 2012 and again for President of Brazil in 2014, supporting the Brazilian military dictatorship. He received 446,878 votes (0,43% of the vote) and was again the seventh most voted; this was the closest he was in his career to winning an election.
Statements about homosexualsEdit
On September 29, 2014, during a debate among candidates of the 2014 presidential election hosted by RecordTV, Levy Fidelix stated that homosexuals "need psychological care" and were better kept "well away from [the rest of] us". He also said that Brazil’s population of 200 million would be reduced by half if homosexuality were encouraged because "the excretory system" does not function as a means of reproduction. He was asked to apologize but refused, believing that his statements were not offensive.
Fidelix's statements were condemned by opponents like Jean Wyllys, Marina Silva, Aécio Neves and Dilma Rousseff (who won the election), as well as organizations such as ABGLT, the Green Party and even the Ministry of Human Rights. On the other hand, other notable conservative politicians, such as Jair Bolsonaro and religious personalities, like Silas Malafaia, declared their support for Fidelix.
On March 13, 2015, São Paulo's Court of Justice fined Fidelix with R$1 million for hate speech in his declarations. The court lifted the fine on February 3, 2017 but imposed a revised fine of R$25,000 on February 22.
|Election||Candidate||First round||Second round|
- "Saiba quem é Levy Fidelix, candidato do PRTB - Brasil - R7". noticias.r7.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Declarações de Levy Fidelix sobre gays geram indignação | Notícias e análises sobre os fatos mais relevantes do Brasil | DW | 29.09.2014". DW.COM (in Portuguese). Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Levy Fidelix 28". Folha de S.Paulo. UOL. 2014. Archived from the original on 2014.
- "Levy Fidelix: quem é o candidato do PRTB à Presidência". Terra. 20 July 2010.
- "Pré-candidatos aproveitam Natal para fazer campanha". Folha de S. Paulo. UOL. 3 January 2004. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- "Estatísticas das Eleições 2010". TSE. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- "PRTB oficializa candidatura de Levy Fidelix à Presidência da República". G1. Globo. 15 June 2014.
- Balz, Guilherme (17 June 2014). "Levy se assume como "candidato da direita" e promete defender ditadura". UOL.
- Yahoo! Notícias, ed. (7 October 2014). "Levy Fidelix tem votação recorde após discurso homofóbico". Retrieved 19 October 2014.
- "Brazil presidential candidate airs homophobic rant during TV debate". The Guardian. 29 September 2014
- G1, ed. (30 September 2014). "Fidelix diz ser vítima de 'conspiração' e recusa pedir desculpas a gays". Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- "Justiça condena Levy Fidelix por declarações sobre homossexuais". G1. 16 March 2015.
- "Justiça de SP aceita recurso de Levy Fidelix e suspende indenização de R$ 1 milhão por comentários contra gays". G1.
- Julia Affonso e Fausto Macedo (22 February 2017). "Levy Fidelix é condenado em R$ 25 mil por declarações homofóbicas". O Estado de S. Paulo. Retrieved 22 February 2017.