Leader of the Democrats 66

The Leader of the Democrats 66 is the most senior politician within the Democrats 66 (Dutch: Democraten 66, D66) in the Netherlands. The post is currently held by Sigrid Kaag who was elected on 4 September 2020 and who has been the serving as the Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation since 2017. Kaag is the second female Leader of the Democrats 66 and the first career diplomat.[1][2]

Democrats 66

HistoryEdit

The Leaders outwardly act as the 'figurehead' and the main representative of the party. Within the party, they must ensure political consensus. At election time the Leader is always the Lijsttrekker (top candidate) of the party list. In the Democrats 66 the Leader is often the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives. Some Democrats 66 leaders became a Minister in a Cabinet.

LeadersEdit

Leader Term of office Age as Leader Position(s) as Leader Further position(s) Professional
Background
Lijsttrekker
  Hans van Mierlo
(1931–2010)
14 September 1966 –
1 September 1973
(6 years, 352 days) [2]
35–42 Chairman of
the Democrats 66

(1966–1967)
Member of the House
of Representatives

(1967–1977) (1986–1994)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1967–1973) (1986–1994)
Member of the Senate
(1983–1986)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
(1994–1998)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1994–1998)
Minister of Defence
(1981–1982)
Member of the House
of Representatives

(1998)
Minister of State
(1998–2011)
Journalist 1967
1971
1972
1986
1989
1994
  Dr.
Jan Terlouw
(born 1931)
1 September 1973 –
8 September 1982
(9 years, 7 days) [2]
41–50 Member of the House
of Representatives

(1971–1981)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1973–1981)
Minister of Economic Affairs
(1981–1982)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1981–1982)
Queen's Commissioner
of Gelderland
(1991–1996)
Member of the Senate
(1999–2003)
Nuclear physicist
Astrophysicist
Mathematician
Researcher
Author
Professor
1977
1981
1982
  Laurens Jan
Brinkhorst

(born 1937)
8 September 1982 –
10 November 1982
(63 days) [2]
45 Member of the House
of Representatives

(1977–1982)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1981–1982)
State Secretary for
Foreign Affairs

(1973–1977)
Ambassador of the
European Union
to Japan

(1982–1987)
Member of the
European Parliament

(1994–1999)
Minister of Agriculture,
Nature and Fisheries

(1999–2002)
Minister of Economic Affairs
(2003–2006)
Deputy Prime Minister
(2005–2006)
Lawyer
Researcher
Professor
  Maarten Engwirda
(born 1943)
10 November 1982 –
25 January 1986
(3 years, 76 days) [2]
39–42 Member of the House
of Representatives

(1977–1989)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1982–1986)
Member of the House
of Representatives

(1971–1972)
Member of the
European Parliament

(1971–1973)
Member of the European
Court of Auditors

(1996–2011)
Economist
Mathematician
Civil servant
  Hans van Mierlo
(1931–2010)
25 January 1986 –
15 February 1998
(12 years, 21 days) [2]
54–66 Chairman of
the Democrats 66

(1966–1967)
Member of the House
of Representatives

(1967–1977) (1986–1994)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1967–1973) (1986–1994)
Member of the Senate
(1983–1986)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
(1994–1998)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1994–1998)
Minister of Defence
(1981–1982)
Member of the House
of Representatives

(1998)
Minister of State
(1998–2011)
Journalist 1967
1971
1972
1986
1989
1994
  Dr.
Els Borst
(1932–2014)
15 February 1998 –
30 May 1998
(104 days) [2]
65–66 Minister of Health,
Welfare and Sport

(1994–2002)
Member of the House
of Representatives

(1998)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1998)
Deputy Prime Minister
(1998–2002)
Minister of State
(2012–2014)
Physician
Researcher
Hospital administrator
Professor
1998
  Thom de Graaf
(born 1957)
30 May 1998 –
22 January 2003
(4 years, 237 days) [2]
40–45 Member of the House
of Representatives

(1994–2003)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1998–2003)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(1997–1998)
Minister without Portfolio
for the Interior

(2003–2005)
Deputy Prime Minister
(2003–2005)
Mayor of Nijmegen
(2007–2012)
Member of the Senate
(2011–2018)
Parliamentary leader
in the Senate
(2015–2018)
Vice-President of
the Council of State

(since 2018)
Jurist
Researcher
Civil servant
2002
2003
  Boris Dittrich
(born 1955)
22 January 2003 –
3 February 2006
(3 years, 12 days) [2]
47–50 Member of the House
of Representatives

(1994–2006)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(2003–2006)
Member of the Senate
(since 2019)
Lawyer
Judge
Activist
Vacant
(3 February 2006 – 24 June 2006)
[Note]
  Alexander Pechtold
(born 1965)
24 June 2006 –
6 October 2018
(12 years, 104 days) [2]
40–52 Member of the House
of Representatives

(2006–2018)
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
(2006–2018)
Chairman of
the Democrats 66

(2002–2005)
Mayor of Wageningen
(2003–2005)
Minister without Portfolio
for the Interior

(2005–2006)
Auctioneer
Art historian
Civil servant
2006
2010
2012
2017
Vacant
(6 October 2018 – 4 September 2020)
[Note]
  Sigrid Kaag
(born 1961)
4 September 2020 –
Incumbent
(1 year, 13 days) [2]
58–59 Minister for Foreign Trade
and Development
Cooperation

(since 2017)
United Nations Special
Coordinator for Lebanon

(2015–2017)
United Nations Special
Coordinator for Syria

(2013–2014)
Diplomat
Civil servant
2021
Note After Boris Dittrich stepped down Lousewies van der Laan took over as Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives. The Democrats 66 leadership election of 2006 elected Alexander Pechtold as Lijsttrekker for the general election of 2006 on 24 June 2006.
Note After Alexander Pechtold stepped down Rob Jetten took over as Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives on 10 October 2018.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sigrid Kaag met 96 procent gekozen tot D66-leider" (in Dutch). NOS. 4 September 2020. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Politiek leider van een partij". Parlement&Politiek. Retrieved 2012-11-03.

External linksEdit

Official