Lazarevac

Lazarevac (Serbian Cyrillic: Лазаревац, pronounced [lazareʋat͡s]) is a municipality of the city of Belgrade. As of 2011, the town has a total population of 25,526 inhabitants, while the municipal area has a total of 58,622 inhabitants.

Lazarevac

Лазаревац
Lazarevac Goran Necin July 7, 2012.jpg
Lazarevac 11.jpg
Opština Lazarevac 01.jpg
From top: Town center promenade, Memorial Church of St. Demetrius, Municipal Building
Coat of arms of Lazarevac
Coat of arms
Location of Lazarevac within the city of Belgrade
Location of Lazarevac within the city of Belgrade
Coordinates: 44°22′N 20°15′E / 44.367°N 20.250°E / 44.367; 20.250Coordinates: 44°22′N 20°15′E / 44.367°N 20.250°E / 44.367; 20.250
Country Serbia
City Belgrade
Settlements34
Government
 • MayorDragan Alimpijević (SPS)
Area
 • Urban17.87 km2 (6.90 sq mi)
 • Municipality382.77 km2 (147.79 sq mi)
Elevation
161 m (528 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[3]
 • Urban
25,526
 • Urban density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
 • Municipality
58,224
 • Municipality density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11550
Area code+381(0)11
ISO 3166 codeSRB
Car platesBG
Websitewww.lazarevac.rs

Its name stems from the name of medieval Serbian ruler Prince Lazar Hrebeljanović.[4]

HistoryEdit

During the Interbellum, there was an auxiliary military airfield in Lazarevac, part of the air defense of the state capital, Belgrade.

On 7 April 1941, during the German bombing of Belgrade, air force unit "Arad", employing 60 Štuka airplanes bombed the airfield in an effort to destroy as many Yugoslav planes as possible. A majority of planes, used for training flights, were either destroyed or demolished; a total of nine airmen were killed in action. The Memorial Church of St.Demetrius, with ossuary, was also damaged in the attack.

The area of the former airfield is today occupied by the health center "Dr Đorđe Kovačević" and the Special Hospital for the endemic nephropathy, but neither the location nor the graves are marked in memory of the 1941 events. In 1984 one of the town streets was named after the killed airmen, albeit erroneously: instead of "Nine airmen", the street was named "Six airmen". In January 2018, dedication of the memorial plaque on the location of the former airfield was announced.[5]

In 1971, the municipality of Lazarevac, along with Mladenovac, was annexed to the city of Belgrade.

SettlementsEdit

Aside from the town of Lazarevac, the municipality comprises the following settlements:[6]

The village of Sakulja was resettled in 1984. It was officially abolished in October 2019 and its territory was annexed to the neighboring Junkovac.[7]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
194836,377—    
195338,794+1.29%
196143,906+1.56%
197145,675+0.40%
198151,068+1.12%
199158,882+1.43%
200258,511−0.06%
201158,622+0.02%
Source: [8]

The municipality of Lazarevac has a total population of 58,622 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census results.

Ethnic groupsEdit

The ethnic composition of the municipality (as of 2011):[9]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 55,987
Romani 650
Montenegrins 166
Macedonians 66
Croats 47
Yugoslavs 45
Muslims 45
Romanians 29
Hungarians 21
Russians 20
Slovenians 16
Albanians 12
Others 1,518
Total 58,622

EconomyEdit

Lazarevac is the home to the Serbian largest coal mining and smelting complex RB Kolubara.

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[10]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 118
Mining and quarrying 9,094
Manufacturing 2,944
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 748
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 759
Construction 824
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 2,153
Transportation and storage 575
Accommodation and food services 693
Information and communication 105
Financial and insurance activities 205
Real estate activities 7
Professional, scientific and technical activities 355
Administrative and support service activities 1,726
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 299
Education 978
Human health and social work activities 773
Arts, entertainment and recreation 169
Other service activities 188
Individual agricultural workers 102
Total 22,815

AttractionsEdit

One of the main attractions in Lazarevac is the Church of St. Demetrius. It is basically a mausoleum, a main memorial built in the memory of Serbian and Austro-Hungarian army soldiers that were killed at the Battle of Kolubara. 40,000 killed soldiers, both Serbian and Austro-Hungarian, were buried in the memorial ossuary of the church's crypt. It is the largest World War I necropolis in Serbia.[11][12] "The Committee to raise a memorial church and crypt in Lazarevac" was established in order the build the church. In the 1937 Committee was disbanded and "The Society for raising a memorial church with crypt in Lazarevac" was formed instead, led by a priest Borivoje Đorđević. Finally, the temple was built by the Russian émigré architect Ivan Afanasjevič Rik between 1938 and 1941.[13] In the architectural and urban environment of Lazarevac, the temple stands as a significant achievement of interwar Serbian church architecture.[14]

There is also a Modern gallery in the town, with the rich collection of paintings, graphics and sculptures, the "Kamengrad" ("Stoneville"), a park enriched with the stone sculptures chiseled by Bogosav Živković, and a Cultural Center. Outside of the town there are three wooden churches from the 18th century, a spring of natural mineral water and several archaeological finds. Other touristic features in the vicinity of Lazarevac include the Ćelije monastery and the Vrače hill, where Dimitrije Tucović, Serbian socialist theorist, was killed in November 1914 during the Battle of Kolubara.[11][15]

In Baroševac on the bank of the Kolubara grow a grove of giant sequoia trees which were brought from California to be studied and planted in Europe. The trees had only reached a height of 30m as of 2011, and are continuing to be studied as they develop in this manufactured habitat.[16]

There is a game hunting ground "Kolubara" in the municipality.[17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "Насеља општине Лазаревац" (pdf). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  4. ^ "Kako je Lazarevac dobio ime". Moja Srbija (in Serbian). mojasrbija.rs. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  5. ^ Branka Vasiljević (31 January 2018). "Bombardovanje aerodroma u Lazarevcu zaboravljena priča" [Lazarevac airfield bombing - forgotten story]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 17.
  6. ^ "Насеља општине Лазаревац" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  7. ^ Branka Vasiljević (6 October 2019). "Sakulja i Ropočevo izbrisani s mape grada" [Sakulja and Ropočevo erased from the city map]. Politika (in Serbian).
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  9. ^ "ETHNICITY Data by municipalities and cities" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  10. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  11. ^ a b Dimitrije Bukvić (12 December 2008), "Kopovi "Kolubare" - biser industrijskog turizma", Politika (in Serbian)
  12. ^ Jelena Čalija (22 December 2018). "Војни меморијали - заборављени сведоци страдања у Великом рату" [Military memorials - forgotten witnesses of the Great War suffering]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 08.
  13. ^ Spomenici kulture
  14. ^ Cultural monument of outstanding value, Memorial Church in Lazarevac
  15. ^ Dimitrije Bukvić (26 March 2011). "Turistički prsten na sat od kruga "dvojke"" (in Serbian). Politika.
  16. ^ Novosti - Lazarevac: High redwood sprouting from coal (Serbian)
  17. ^ Branka Vasiljević (5 August 2018). "Lovci u Beograd stižu porodično" [Hunters travel to Belgrade with their families]. Politika (in Serbian).

External linksEdit