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Las Piedras, Puerto Rico

Las Piedras (Spanish pronunciation: [las ˈpjeðɾas]) is a municipality in east Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the center region of the island, north of Yabucoa; south of Canóvanas and Río Grande; east of Juncos and San Lorenzo; and west of Naguabo and Humacao. Las Piedras is spread over 7 wards and Las Piedras Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Las Piedras

Municipio de Las Piedras
Town and Municipality
Collores, Las Piedras, Puerto Rico - panoramio (1).jpg
Flag of Las Piedras
Flag
Nickname(s): 
"La Ciudad de los Artesanos"
Anthem: "Somos de la Ribera"
Location of Las Piedras in Puerto Rico
Location of Las Piedras in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°10′59″N 65°51′59″W / 18.18306°N 65.86639°W / 18.18306; -65.86639Coordinates: 18°10′59″N 65°51′59″W / 18.18306°N 65.86639°W / 18.18306; -65.86639
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1793
Government
 • MayorMiguel "Micky" López (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.7 - Humacao
 • Representative dist.35
Area
 • Total87.8 km2 (33.89 sq mi)
 • Land87.7 km2 (33.88 sq mi)
 • Water0.03 km2 (.01 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total38,675
 • Density440.7/km2 (1,141.5/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Pedreños
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Zip code
00771
Major routesPR primary 30.svg PR secondary 31.svg PR secondary 183.svg PR secondary 198.svg PR secondary 204.svg

Las Piedras has many natural attractions such as La Cueva del Indio which is a place that has original Indian playgrounds, caves and paintings that denote some characteristics of the ancient island's natives. Las Piedras is located about 45 minutes from San Juan, Puerto Rico's capital and 5 minutes from Palmas del Mar, Humacao which is one of the biggest resorts in the Caribbean.

HistoryEdit

Las Piedras was founded in 1793.

When after the Treaty of Paris (1898), the U.S. conducted its first census of Puerto Rico, it was called Piedras and its population was 8,602.[1]

GeographyEdit

Las Piedras[2] is on the eastern side of Puerto Rico but not on the coast. According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau, the municipality has a total area of 33.89 square miles (87.8 km2), of which 33.88 square miles (87.7 km2) is land and .01 square miles (0.026 km2) is water.

Hurricane MariaEdit

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Las Piedras with the significant amount of rainfall.[3][4]

BarriosEdit

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Las Piedras is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located near the center of the municipality, in a small barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[5][6][7][8]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19008,602
192010,620
193012,90721.5%
194015,38919.2%
195016,2085.3%
196017,0475.2%
197018,1126.2%
198022,41223.7%
199027,89624.5%
200034,48523.6%
201038,67512.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1899 (shown as 1900)[11] 1910-1930[12]
1930-1950[13] 1960-2000[14] 2010[7]

TourismEdit

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

  • La Cueva del Indio (Indian Cavern)
  • Monte del Retiro (Settlement)
  • Artesanial Walk
  • Francisco Negrón Park
  • Las Piedras Historic Museum
  • Panoramic Route 917

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

  • Manufacturing: computers and pharmaceutical.

Special Communities ProgramEdit

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[15] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[16] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[17][18] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Las Piedras: Quebrada Grande neighborhood, Rivera neighborhood (Hoyo Gardens), Boquerón, Cinco Cuerdas, El Cerrito, Fondo del Saco, Lijas and Pueblito del Río.[19]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

  • Güiro Festival - March
  • Typical (Folk) Cultural Festival - April
  • Festivities of the Cross- May
  • Youth Festivities - July
  • Typical (Folk) Festival - September
  • Pork Festival - November
  • Patron Saints Festivities - December

GovernmentEdit

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Las Piedras is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Mickey Lopez, from the New Progressive Party (PNP). Lopez was elected at the Puerto Rican general election, 2008 -present general election.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Jorge Suárez and José Luis Dalmau were elected as District Senators.[20]

TransportationEdit

There are 24 bridges in Las Piedras.[21]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

The flag of Las Piedras has three horizontal stripes of equal width, the stripe at the top is colored white, the center stripe is colored green and the bottom stripe is colored blue. In the middle of the flag rests an image of the Taíno sun in yellow.

Coat of armsEdit

In a silver field resides a blue monogram of the Holy Virgin, topped by a blue crown. Seven silver stones border the silver field and at the tip of the shield resides the Taíno sun in gold denominated as the "Sun of Las Piedras".

Notable nativesEdit

  • Angel López - Singer from the acclaimed and famous worldwide group, Son By Four.
  • Luis “El Artesano" Cruz - Professional Boxer.
  • Yariel Morales Rivera - Mr. Puerto Rico 2015. Professional model and the only Mr. Puerto Rico (in history) from Las Piedras.
  • Margaro Rivera Guzmán-Scholar, attorney and prominent businessman
  • Modesto Castro Dávila - Las Piedras Mayor (1980-1984).
  • Rafi Jimenez - Broadcaster
  • Juan Velázquez- Farmer and political activist
  • Elwood Cruz - Reporter
  • Juan Manuel Lebrón - Comedian
  • Sotero Gómez Hernández- Puerto Rico House Representative
  • Silvia Ricardo - Judge
  • Carmen Benítez - Notable teacher
  • Celia Mondríguez: elderly people rights advocacy
  • Isabelo Rivera - Adjutant general of the Puerto Rico National Guard
  • Modesto Velázquez Flores - Prosecutor
  • José R. Camacho - Broadcaster.
  • Eugenio López - Rancher, Boxer.
  • Zenón Hernández - Writer, poet.
  • Francisco Negrón Díaz - Sport and businessman.
  • Miguel Loíz - Teacher, Senator for Humacao district Puerto Rico.
  • Miguel Hernández Agosto - Puerto Rico Senate President (1988-1992).
  • Víctor Santana Pérez - Teacher, historian, writer and planner of Monte del Retiro.
  • Tomas Diaz - Clay Artisan.
  • Cano Diaz - Creator of the now famous "Stringed Hammocs".
  • Wilfredo Ramos Vázquez-Attorney, philosopher, poverty rights advocacy, public defender, Artificial Intelligence researcher
  • Juan Rosa Martínez: first elected mayor of Las Piedras, businessman and sindicalist
  • Nicky Cruz-evangelist, reformed gang leader, author of bestselling book, "Run Baby Run". David Wilkerson based his best selling book "The Cross and the Switchblade" in part in Nicky's life

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Joseph Prentiss Sanger; Henry Gannett; Walter Francis Willcox (1900). Informe sobre el censo de Puerto Rico, 1899, United States. War Dept. Porto Rico Census Office (in Spanish). Imprenta del gobierno. p. 163.
  2. ^ "Las Piedras Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  5. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  6. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  8. ^ "Map of Las Piedras at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  9. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  11. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  12. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  15. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  19. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  20. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  21. ^ "Las Piedras Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 20 February 2019.

External linksEdit