Lalitpur district, India
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Lalitpur District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. Lalitpur district is a part of Jhansi Division. Lalitpur is the main town and administrative headquarters. The district occupies an area of 5,039 km².
Location of Lalitpur district in Uttar Pradesh
|Coordinates (Lalitpur, India): Coordinates:|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Jhansi|
|• Total||5,039 km2 (1,946 sq mi)|
|• Density||240/km2 (630/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||64.95 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||906/1000|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Lalitpur District is a part of Jhansi Division and was carved out as a district in the year 1974. It is connected to Jhansi District by a narrow corridor to the northeast, and is otherwise almost surrounded by Madhya Pradesh state, an example of a salient.
Lalitpur district lies between latitude 24°11' and 25°14' (north) and longitude 78°10' and 79°0' (east) and is bounded by district Jhansi in the north, districts Sagar and Tikamgarh of Madhya Pradesh state in the east and Ashoknagar district of Madhya Pradesh separated by river Betwa in the west. The district had a population of 1,221,592 as per the census of year 2011.
This district has a number of historical and cultural places like Devgarh, Seeronji, Pavagiri, Devamata, Neelkantheshwar at Pali, Chawan near Bant(Pali).Machkund ki Gufa. Lalitpur town has variety of places like many Hindu & Jain temples. Raghunathji (Bada Mandir)(Kali Bauaa ji Mandir), Shivalay, Boodhe Babba (Hanumanji), Tuvan Mandir for Hindus & Bada Mandir, Ata Mandir & Kshetrapalji for Jains are famous temples.
The district forms a portion of the hill country of Bundelkhand, sloping down from the outliers of the Vindhya Range on the south to the tributaries of the Yamuna River on the north. The extreme south is composed of parallel rows of long and narrow-ridged hills. Through the intervening valleys the rivers flow down over ledges of granite or quartz. North of the hilly region, the granite chains gradually turn into clusters of smaller hills.
The Betwa River forms the northern and western boundary of the district, and most of the district lies within its watershed. The Jamni River, a tributary of the Betwa, forms the eastern boundary. The Dhasan River forms the district's southeastern boundary, and the southeastern portion of the district lies within its watershed.
The district is now facing a secessionist movement originated in southern Uttar Pradesh and northern Madhya Pradesh to create a separate state of Bundelkhand, as this area is traditionally called by locals.
The climate of the district is sub-tropical, which is characterised by a very hot dry summer and a cold winter. Similar to other districts of the Bundelkhand region, this district also has four distinct seasons in a year. The summer season is from March to mid-June, the southwest monsoon is from mid-June to September. Post-monsoonal transition between October and November months constitute the post-monsoon season and the winter season lasts from December to February.
The territory of the present-day Lalitpur district was part of the state of Chanderi, founded in the 17th century by a Bundela Rajput who was descended from Rudra Pratap Singh of Orchha. Chanderi, along with most of Bundelkhand, came under Maratha hegemony in the 18th century. Daulat Rao Sindhia of neighboring Gwalior annexed Chanderi state in 1812. In 1844, the former state of Chanderi was ceded to the British, and became the Chanderi District of British India, with Lalitpur town as the district headquarters. The British lost the district in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, and it was not reconquered until late 1858. In 1861, the portion of the district west of the Betwa, including Chanderi, was returned to Gwalior state, and the remainder was renamed Lalitpur district. It became a part of Jhansi district from 1891 to 1974. In 1974, the district was carved out from Jhansi district.
There are some Royal families in lalitpur region from British time.
Maharaja Chaubey Bhim singh Lalitpur Maharaja Chaubey Bhim Singh was, the first and most notable name of the Choubey family of Lalitpur, he progressed due to his merit, administrative acumen and valor, then became the commander in chief and prime minister of the then Chanderi State, Bhim Singh was born in 1685 and died in 1730. Lalitpur area was part of Chanderi at that time and the descendants of Chaubey Bhim Singh were appointed as the vassals here. Maharaja Bhim Singh's family is considered to be the most famous Royal family of Lalitpur. Even today, in the Chaubeyana area of Lalitpur, houses are located in the palace of the descendants of Maharaja Chaubey Bhim Singh, this fort is said to be 400 years old. Purani Bakhar, Budwar House, Lalitpur House and other names are located here as old fort houses. The descendants of Chaubey Bhim Singh formed a company named Tej Singh Sarva Sukh Namak Firm. This company had officially acquired its rights on the Kota Mirzapur trade route. It is said that at one time this Royal family had 30,000 bullock carts.In the British era, the Chaubey family was famous for its royal way of life. It is said that when the neighboring states were short of funds, the Choubey family used to give them funds. Later, due to a dispute among the descendants of Tej Singh He Sarv Sukha, this firm had to face partition and then formed two separate firms. In 1902, Ram Bharose Chaubey and Kamta prasad choubey the descendants of Chaubey Bhim Singh, was awarded the post of Honorary Magistrate by the British Government. Dr. Hari Ram Chaubey who was a freedom fighter, was imprisoned 11 times in the pre and post independence period, in 1933, he was placed under house arrest in Ajmer for the first time. Son of Honorary magistrate Ram bharose chaube. Parshuram chaube was the government advocate and he laid the foundation of the Consumer Cooperative Society in Lalitpur. He was its first president as well. He remained active till death in active politics through the Jana Sangh now Bhartiya Janta Party. The oldest Nehru College of Lalitpur, is also the gift of this family. SDS Convent, the oldest school in Lalitpur, is also built on the land given by this family. Ramesh Chandra Chaubey is a District Judge and Harihar Narayan Choubey who led the socialist movement is also a very strong pillar of this family. the Chaube family has had a special place in the politics of Bundelkhand. Today's Bharatiya Janata Party, all the big leaders of the then Jana Sangh, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ashok Singhal Rajmata Scindia, laid the foundation of the Jana Sangh in Bundelkhand from this family.
Maharaja Raosahab Narahat
Maharaja Raosahab Pali
Maharaja Inderpal singh bundela jakhlaun
Maharaja Mardan singh talbehat
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Lalitpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Lalitpur is divided into five tehsils, Lalitpur, Mehroni, Talbehat, Madawara and Pali; four towns, Lalitpur, Mehroni, Talbehat, and Pali; and 754 villages. The district magistrate is Mr. Yogendra shukla, IAS and the Superintendent of police is Mr. Mirza manzar beg,IPS, and the District Information Officer is Murlidhar Singh.
There are two Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Lalitpur and Mehroni. Both of these are part of Jhansi Lok Sabha constituency. At present, Ram Ratan Kushwaha is the MLA from Lalitpur constituency and Mannu Kori is the MLA from Mehroni constituency. At present chairman of Nagar Palika Parishad Lalitpur is Mrs. Rajni Sahu and chairman of Talbehat Nagar Panchayat is Mrs. Mukta Soni.
According to the 2011 census Lalitpur district, Uttar Pradesh has a population of 1,221,592, roughly equal to the nation of Bahrain or the US state of New Hampshire. This gives it a ranking of 391st in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 242 inhabitants per square kilometre (630/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.57%. Lalitpur has a sex ratio of 905 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.95%.
The city is well connected by railways and road transport.
Lalitpur Junction railway station falls under main railway line of India. It is well connected by train services to all parts of the country. Daily trains are available to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata (Howrah), Chen nai, Agra, Jammu Tawi, Bangalore (Bengaluru), Trivendrum, Indore, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jammu, Lucknow, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Kanpur and other major towns. Lalitpur station is a junction now, with trains directly to Khajuraho, Singrauli, Satna & Tikamgarh.
India's biggest national highway from Kashmir to Kanyakumari NH-44 passes through Lalitpur, connecting major cities of India. Bus facility to major cities - Kanpur, Indore, Bhopal, Saugor, Panna.
Note: Lalitpur district in UP is also known for Uranium deposits.
- Imperial Gazetteer of India, (New ed.), Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908-1909. Vol. 10.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Bahrain 1,214,705 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
New Hampshire 1,316,470
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue