La Condamine

La Condamine[1][2] is the central Ward in the Principality of Monaco.[3] Its landmarks include Port Hercules, the Rainier III Nautical Stadium, and the Princess Antoinette Park. Its farmer's market at the Place d'Armes dates from 1880[4][5] and is a great source of local pride for its "authentic Monegasque"[5] essence.

La Condamine
Ward of Monaco
Port Hercule, La Condamine
Port Hercule, La Condamine
Location in Monaco
Location in Monaco
Coordinates: 43°44′4″N 7°25′15″E / 43.73444°N 7.42083°E / 43.73444; 7.42083Coordinates: 43°44′4″N 7°25′15″E / 43.73444°N 7.42083°E / 43.73444; 7.42083
Area
 • Land0.295843 km2 (0.114226 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total3,694
 • Density12,502/km2 (32,380/sq mi)

ToponymyEdit

Its current name comes from the vulgar Latin *condominium[6] that designated in the Middle Ages a land, near the castle, reserved for the feudal lord and exempt from taxes, or sometimes a land subject to two lords at the same time.

HistoryEdit

The Monegasque constitution of 1911 created three communes: La Condamine was then one of the three communes of the Principality. It is there that Fernand Forest died in 1914. A single commune was re-established in 1918.

LegendsEdit

Saint Devote was martyred in Corsica in the 3rd century. According to tradition, the boat that was to carry her body to the African land, was caught in the storm, a dove then guided her to the European shore and landed in Monaco. In the Middle Ages, the relics of the saint were stolen and taken away by boat. But when the criminals were caught, their boat was burned. This is the origin of the ceremony which is celebrated on January 26 of each year and during which a boat is burnt on the square in front of the votive church. The next day an imposing procession takes place.

GeographyEdit

The district occupies a small valley which was crossed by the railway viaduct (today the railway passes through a tunnel) which has become a road linking the district and Monte Carlo.

OverviewEdit

Condamine dates from the Middle Ages, and means cultivable land. It is the second oldest area of Monaco, after Monaco-Ville.[4] Its location between Monaco-Ville and Monte Carlo has made it like the best of both worlds, where, in the early 20th century travel writers recommended its hotels, "much cheaper than those at Monte Carlo"[7] and as close to the "old city" (Monaco-Ville) as a tourist could stay, because Monaco-Ville has no hotels. The late 19th century official princely archivist Gustave Saige described it as the culmination of the "small semicircular"[8] Port Hercule, "inclined amphitheatrically towards it."[8]

 
Rue Princesse Caroline, Monaco

EducationEdit

  • École de la Condamine
  • École des Révoires
  • International School of Monaco
  • Regency School of Languages
  • Lycée Technique et Hôtelier (hotel and technical school)
  • Académie Rainier III Musique et Théâtre

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Agency, National Geospatial-intelligence (2006). Prostar Sailing Directions 2006 North Atlantic, Baltic Sea, North Sea an Mediterranean Sea Planning Guides. ProStar Publications. ISBN 978-1-57785-751-8.
  2. ^ Sale, Richard (2000). Cote D'Azur. Hunter Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-1-901522-29-7.
  3. ^ Muirhead, Findlay; Monmarché, Marcel (1926). Southern France. Macmillan & Company Limited.
  4. ^ a b https://www.seemonaco.com/la-condamine
  5. ^ a b https://www.monte-carlo.mc/en/visits/condamine-monaco/
  6. ^ "Ribeyrolle et condamine | Etymologie-occitane". www.etymologie-occitane.fr. Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  7. ^ Black, C.B. (1905). The Riviera: Or, The Coast from Marseilles to Leghorn, including the Interior Towns of Carrara, Lucca, Pisa, and Pistoia (14 ed.). Château d'If: A & C Black. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  8. ^ a b Saige, Gustave (1897). Monaco: Ses Origines et Son Histoire. Monaco: Imprimerie de Monaco. Retrieved 31 May 2019.

External linksEdit