Municipality of Monaco

The Municipality of Monaco (French: Commune de Monaco, Ligurian: Cumüna de Munegu) is the only administrative division of the Principality of Monaco, and is coterminous with the state as a whole.

Municipality of Monaco
Town hall of Monaco
Town hall of Monaco
Coat of arms of Municipality of Monaco
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 43°43′52.48″N 7°25′11.08″E / 43.7312444°N 7.4197444°E / 43.7312444; 7.4197444Coordinates: 43°43′52.48″N 7°25′11.08″E / 43.7312444°N 7.4197444°E / 43.7312444; 7.4197444
CountryMonaco Monaco
Government
 • TypePrincipality
 • MayorGeorges Marsan
Area
 • Land2 km2 (0.8 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total32,020
Postcode
98000

Political orderEdit

The municipal system is determined by the IX part of the Constitution of Monaco. The Municipality of Monaco has as its organ the city council made up of 15 members, who can also be present at the National Council. A little more than 7,000 Monegasque citizens are voters, while to be elected it is necessary to be 21 years old. The electoral system is a simple two-year plurinominal scrutiny: each elector has fifteen votes of preference that he can distribute to his pleasure among the possibly competing lists.[2] The candidates who have been chosen by more than half of the voters are elected in the first round, while for the others the road of a second round is opened in which the most voted candidates are elected.[3] The effect of this mechanism is hyper-major, configuring an assembly dominated by the first party of the principality, the Union Monégasque. The term of office is 4 years.

The council elects in its interior the mayor and his deputies, or the councilors. The political custom, however, makes sure that the candidate for the first city armchair is indirectly indicated by the voters in the figure of the list leader of the most voted list. The current mayor is Georges Marsan, who has been in office since 2003 and has come to the third re-election.[4]

The functions of the municipality, active in social, cultural and civil life, do not differ substantially from those of the homologous bodies of neighboring nations, the French and Italian municipalities.[5]

HistoryEdit

The ancient territory of the Principality was much larger than the present one, including also the towns of Roccabruna and Menton which, however, arose in the framework of the Italian Risorgimento, passed to France in 1860 leaving the capital, i.e. the Monegasque municipality, as the only common of the State.

The 1911 constitution divided the old Commune of Monaco into the three municipalities of Monaco City, Monte Carlo and La Condamine, but the prince's government was accused of having operated a form of dividend and imperat against the only democratic institution in the country, having on the other hand, the National Council has extremely limited powers. The controversy brought relatively quickly to the revision of the decision, restoring the single municipality with a law of 1917, operational from the following year. Since then the Monegasque territory is administratively undivided, and the city districts have only statistical purposes.

Today, the city hall of Monaco is based in place de la Mairie.

QuartersEdit

Ward Area
(km²)
Population
(Census
of 2008)
Density
(km²)
City
Blocks
(îlots)
Remarks
Former municipality of Monaco
Monaco-Ville 0.19 1,034 5,442 19 Old City
Former municipality of Monte Carlo
Monte Carlo/Spélugues (Bd. Des Moulins-Av. de la Madone) 0.30 3,834 12,780 20 Casino and resort area
La Rousse/Saint Roman (Annonciade-Château Périgord) 0.13 3,223 24,792 17 Northeast area, includes Le Ténao
Larvotto/Bas Moulins (Larvotto-Bd Psse Grace) 0.34 5,443 16,009 17 Eastern beach area
Saint Michel (Psse Charlotte-Park Palace) 0.16 3,907 24,419 24 Central residential area
Former municipality of La Condamine
La Condamine 0.28 3,947 14,096 28 Northwest port area
La Colle (Plati-Pasteur-Bd Charles III) 0.11 2,829 25,718 15 On the western border with Cap d'Ail
Les Révoires (Hector Otto-Honoré Labande) 0.09 2,545 28,278 11 Contains the Jardin Exotique de Monaco
Moneghetti/ Bd de Belgique (Bd Rainier III-Bd de Belgique) 0.10 3,003 30,030 17 Central-north residential area
New land reclaimed from the sea
Fontvieille 0.35 3,901 11,146 10 Started 1981
Monaco[6] 2.05 33,666 16,422 178  
(1) Not included in the total, as it is only proposed

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bollettino Ufficiale del Principato Archived 2011-07-09 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Nicematin
  3. ^ "Monacohebdo". Archived from the original on 2013-05-10. Retrieved 2017-12-05.
  4. ^ Mairie de Monaco
  5. ^ Mairie de Monaco
  6. ^ "Monaco Statistiques Pocket" (in French). Gouv.mc. Retrieved 6 September 2012.