Raigad District is a district in the state of Maharashtra, India. Formerly called the Kolába district, the district was renamed Raigad, after the fort that was the first capital of the former Maratha Empire, which in turn was renamed from its earlier name - Rairi. The fort is located in the interior regions of the district, in dense forests on a west-facing spur of the Western Ghats of Sahyadri Range. In 2011 the district had a population of 2,635,394, compared to 2,207,929 in 2001. The name was changed in the regime of Chief Minister Antule on 1st Jan 1981. In 2011 urban dwellers had increased to 36.91% from 24.22% in 2001.
Location of Raigad district in Maharashtra
|Tehsils||1. Alibag, 2. Panvel, 3. Murud, 4. Pen, 5. Uran, 6. Karjat, 7. Khalapur, 8. Mangaon, 9. Roha, 10. Sudhagad, 11.Tala, 12. Mahad, 13. Mhasala, 14. Shrivardhan, 15. Poladpur|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||1. Maval (shared with Pune district), 2. Raigad (shared with Ratnagiri district) (Based on Election Commission website)|
|• Total||7,152 km2 (2,761 sq mi)|
|• Density||370/km2 (950/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||955 per 1000 male|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH-4, NH-17|
|Average annual precipitation||3,884 mm|
The district is bounded by Mumbai Harbour to the northwest, Thana District to the north, Poona District to the east, Ratnagiri district to the south, and the Arabian Sea to the west. It includes the large natural harbour of Pen-Mandwa, which is immediately south of Mumbai harbour, and forming a single landform with it.
The northern part of the district is included in the planned metropolis of Navi Mumbai, consisting of Kharghar, Ulve node, New Panvel and Khanda Colony, Taloja, Kamothe and Kalamboli nodes as well as Uran City and its port, the JNPT.
The district includes cities/towns Kharghar, Taloja, Kalamboli, Panvel, Rasayani, Karjat, Khopoli, Matheran, Uran, Pen, Alibag, Murud-Janjira, Roha, Nagothane, Sudhagad-Pali, Mangaon, Mhasala, Shrivardhan, Mahad, Birwadi, Poladpur. The largest city in terms of Population, Industrialization as well as Area is Panvel. The district also includes the isle of Gharapuri or Elephanta, located in Uran which has ancient Hindu and Buddhist caves.
Kulaba (also spelled Kolaba) district was split from Thane district in 1869. Apopulation being Hindus. Bhagat, Patil, Mhatre, Naik, Thakur, are famous and native surnames in Raigad district. At this point, the northernmost parts of modern Raigad district were retained in Thane district. Panvel, just across the bay from Mumbai, was not included in Kolaba district until 1883, and Karjat, an area in the north-east corner of modern Raigad district, was not placed in Kolaba district until 1891. Kolaba district was subsequently renamed Raigad district.
After the British took over the old Colaba and this region, they established four Anglo – Vernacular medium school and 30 government schools in the year 1865–66. In the year 1861 the first school for girls was started in Alibag. The Mission Church started the first English school in Alibag in 1879. Prabhakar Patil Education Society (PNP education Society) runs 27 Institutes: Five Primary English & Marathi Schools, Twenty Seven Secondary Marathi Schools, One Arts, Science & Commerce Jr. & Sr. College, One English & Marathi Medium D. Ed College, One B. Ed. College, One Polytechnic Institute and One MMS College. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) established National Institute of Securities Markets at Patalganga, tal Khalapur. Two more old and valuable institutions in Raigad District named Vasantrao Naik College Murud And Mhasla, established by the former Chief Minister of Maharashtra Br.A R Antulay.
|Subdivision||Taluka||km2||Census 2001||Census 2011||Panchayats||Villages|
Municipal Civic Bodies in Raigad DistrictEdit
Special Planning Authorities operational in Raigad district are
- Panvel : Includes Old Township, CIDCO colonies of New Panvel and Khanda Colony, Kamothe, Kalamboli, Kharghar, parts of Taloja colony, Rasayani; and several villages of Panvel taluka
Proposed Municipal CouncilsEdit
According to the 2011 census Raigad district has a population of 2,634,200, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 153rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.36%. Raigad has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 83.89%.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 63.36% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 12.56% Urdu, 8.72% Hindi, 2.43% Malayalam, 1.95% Tamil, 1.85% Telugu, 1.38% Punjabi, 1.37% Sindhi, 1.19% Bhili, 0.95% Tulu, 0.90% Gujarati, 0.80% Odia, 0.79% Kannada, 0.52% Bengali, 0.51% Konkani, 0.42% English and 0.41% Nepali as their first language.
Raigad District is connected to Mumbai by Sion Panvel Expressway. The Mumbai-Pune expressway and NH4 passes through Panvel. NH 66, which starts at Panvel, traverses the whole district. The Konkan Railway line starts at Roha and passes through Mangaon and Veer in Mahad. The Central Railway Line of Mumbai to Pune passes through Karjat with Extension Line for Karjat to Khopoli. Panvel Junction is the most important railway station in the district; it is connected to Mumbai (by both the Harbour Line and Main Line of Central Railway), Thane (by Trans-Harbour Line), Roha, Vasai (Western Railway) and Karjat. All trains, ranging from passengers to Rajdhanis stop here, and it is considered the gateway for travelling south. There is a narrow gauge railroad from Neral to Matheran, called the Matheran Hill Railway. The main ports are JNPT, Mandava, Revas, Murud, Dighi and Shrivardhan .
- "List of districts in Maharashtra". http://districts.nic.in. Retrieved 19 November 2012. External link in
- रायगड जिल्हा
- "Raigarh District Population 2011". Census Organisation of India.
- "District details". Raigad District, Maharashtra State.
- "Block Panchayats of Raigad, Maharashtra". National Panchayat Directory, Panchayat Informatics Division, National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Archived from the original on 5 November 2011.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- 1964 Revised Gazetteer of Raigad
- "University Grant Commission". Retrieved 19 November 2012.