Klatovy (Czech pronunciation: [ˈklatovɪ]; German: Klattau) is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 22,000 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.
Black Tower and Jesuit Church
|• Mayor||Rudolf Salvetr (ODS)|
|• Total||80.85 km2 (31.22 sq mi)|
|Elevation||405 m (1,329 ft)|
|• Density||270/km2 (710/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Klatovy is made up of 30 administrative parts (5 town parts and 25 villages):
- Klatovy I
- Klatovy II
- Klatovy III
- Klatovy IV
- Klatovy V
- Dobrá Voda
Habartice, Kvaslice and Vítkovice, and Dobrá Voda, Křištín and Střeziměř makes two exclaves of the municipal territory.
The first written mention of Klatovy is from 1253. Between 1260 and 1263, a royal town was made from the settlement by Ottokar II of Bohemia. The town walls were built and at the beginning of the 16th century, Klatovy was one of the ten most important towns in Czech lands.
During World War II, Klatovy was deprived of its natural administrative territory when large parts of Šumava were annexed to the Reich (the border was between Janovice nad Úhlavou and Nýrsko and south of Sušice). At that time, Klatovy was the center of the resistance movement, which was harshly suppressed by the execution of 73 patriots in the Lubský Forest at the time of Heydrich. In 1945, some parts of the city were badly damaged by bombing – the railway station building was completely destroyed. The city was liberated on 5 May 1945 by the US Army.
The town's significant German population was expelled from their home in 1945.
|Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic|
- Black Tower, built in 1547–1557 as a watchtower, nowadays a lookout tower open to the public;
- Baroque Jesuit Pharmacy with equipment from the 17th century;
- Baroque Jesuit Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary and of Saint Ignatius, built in 1655–1679, with catacombs under the church;
- Baroque Church of Saint Lawrence built in 1694–1709;
- Gothic houses on the Míru Square;
- Town museum in a Art Nouveau building from 1905;
- Roman Catholic Church of the Nativity of Mary from the end of the 13th century.
- Bohuslav Balbín (1621–1688), writer, historian, Jesuit
- Václav Matěj Kramerius (1753–1808), publisher, journalist and writer
- Josef Dobrovský (1753–1829), philologist, historian
- Franz Kiwisch von Rotterau (1814–1852), medical professor and gynaecological researcher
- Josef Hlávka (1831–1908), architect
- August Breisky (1832–1889), medical professor and gynaecological researcher
- Johann Brotan (1843–1918), Austrian mechanical engineer
- Karel Klostermann (1848–1923), writer
- Jaroslav Vrchlický (1853–1912), lyrical poet
- Josef Klička (1855–1937), organist, violinist and composer
- Lubor Niederle (1865–1944), founder of Czech archaeology
- Václav Fišer (born 1947), long jumper and triple jumper
- Ivana Sekyrová (born 1971), long-distance runner
- Petr Frydrych (born 1988), javelin thrower
- Tereza Krejčiříková (born 1996), footballer
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
- "Klatovy" (in Czech). Turistika.cz. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Klatovy" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
- "10 nejstarších fotbalových klubů v České republice" (in Czech). Město Klatovy. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
- "Historie, památky" (in Czech). Město Klatovy. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
- "Partnerská města Klatov" (in Czech). Město Klatovy. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
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