Klatovy

Klatovy (Czech pronunciation: [ˈklatovɪ]; German: Klattau) is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 22,000 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Klatovy
Black Tower and Jesuit Church
Black Tower and Jesuit Church
Flag of Klatovy
Flag
Coat of arms of Klatovy
Coat of arms
Klatovy is located in Czech Republic
Klatovy
Klatovy
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°23′43″N 13°17′42″E / 49.39528°N 13.29500°E / 49.39528; 13.29500Coordinates: 49°23′43″N 13°17′42″E / 49.39528°N 13.29500°E / 49.39528; 13.29500
Country Czech Republic
RegionPlzeň
DistrictKlatovy
First mentioned1253
Government
 • MayorRudolf Salvetr (ODS)
Area
 • Total80.85 km2 (31.22 sq mi)
Elevation
405 m (1,329 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total22,140
 • Density270/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
339 01
Websitewww.klatovy.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Klatovy is made up of 30 administrative parts (5 town parts and 25 villages):

  • Klatovy I
  • Klatovy II
  • Klatovy III
  • Klatovy IV
  • Klatovy V
  • Beňovy
  • Chaloupky
  • Čínov
  • Dehtín
  • Dobrá Voda
  • Drslavice
  • Habartice
  • Kal
  • Kosmáčov
  • Křištín
  • Kvaslice
  • Kydliny
  • Lažánky
  • Luby
  • Otín
  • Pihovice
  • Sobětice
  • Štěpánovice
  • Střeziměř
  • Tajanov
  • Točník
  • Tupadly
  • Věckovice
  • Vícenice
  • Vítkovice

Habartice, Kvaslice and Vítkovice, and Dobrá Voda, Křištín and Střeziměř makes two exclaves of the municipal territory.

HistoryEdit

The first written mention of Klatovy is from 1253. Between 1260 and 1263, a royal town was made from the settlement by Ottokar II of Bohemia. The town walls were built and at the beginning of the 16th century, Klatovy was one of the ten most important towns in Czech lands.[2]

During World War II, Klatovy was deprived of its natural administrative territory when large parts of Šumava were annexed to the Reich (the border was between Janovice nad Úhlavou and Nýrsko and south of Sušice). At that time, Klatovy was the center of the resistance movement, which was harshly suppressed by the execution of 73 patriots in the Lubský Forest at the time of Heydrich. In 1945, some parts of the city were badly damaged by bombing – the railway station building was completely destroyed. The city was liberated on 5 May 1945 by the US Army.

The town's significant German population was expelled from their home in 1945.

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186911,964—    
188014,059+17.5%
189014,754+4.9%
190016,960+15.0%
191018,620+9.8%
YearPop.±%
192118,085−2.9%
193018,221+0.8%
195017,213−5.5%
196117,294+0.5%
197019,087+10.4%
YearPop.±%
198021,744+13.9%
199123,098+6.2%
200123,033−0.3%
201122,133−3.9%
202122,140+0.0%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[3]

SportEdit

The town's football club SK Klatovy 1898 is one of the oldest football clubs in the country.[4] Nowadays it plays in the fourth tier of the Czech football system.

SightsEdit

 
Míru Square, the historical centre

The oldest part of the town surrounded by fragments of town walls is protected as an urban monument zone since 1992. The mains sights are:[5][2]

  • Black Tower, built in 1547–1557 as a watchtower, nowadays a lookout tower open to the public;
  • Baroque Jesuit Pharmacy with equipment from the 17th century;
  • Baroque Jesuit Church of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary and of Saint Ignatius, built in 1655–1679, with catacombs under the church;
  • Baroque Church of Saint Lawrence built in 1694–1709;
  • Gothic houses on the Míru Square;
  • Town museum in a Art Nouveau building from 1905;
  • Roman Catholic Church of the Nativity of Mary from the end of the 13th century.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Klatovy is twinned with:[6]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b "Klatovy" (in Czech). Turistika.cz. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Klatovy" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
  4. ^ "10 nejstarších fotbalových klubů v České republice" (in Czech). Město Klatovy. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  5. ^ "Historie, památky" (in Czech). Město Klatovy. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  6. ^ "Partnerská města Klatov" (in Czech). Město Klatovy. Retrieved 2021-06-10.

External linksEdit