|Born||15 February 1831|
|Died||11 March 1908|
|Known for||Hlávka Foundation|
Hlavka studied at the Technical University in Prague and later architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. Shortly after he had finished his studies, the Czech architect František Šebek retired and left him his well-established company in Vienna. In 1861-1869 Hlávka built the Vienna State Opera in the Ringstrasse. He also built the regional maternal hospital in Prague, the Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans in Czernowitz (now Chernivtsi, Ukraine) (which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and now the seat of the university there), and numerous apartment buildings in Vienna.
The Czech Academy of Sciences was founded in 1888-1890 by the financial contributions of Josef Hlávka, who became its first president. When the floods damaged the Charles Bridge in Prague in 1890, Hlávka pushed through and co-funded its renovation in the original Gothic style. Moreover, he founded the student dormitory in Jenštejnská Street, Prague and donated it for gifted but poor students. In 1904 Hlávka gave all his fortune to the foundation, named after him and his wives Nadání Josefa, Marie a Zdenky Hlávkových ("Foundation of Josef, Marie and Zdeňka Hlávka"); this foundation is the oldest continuously operating Czech institution of its kind.
- Works by or about Josef Hlávka at Internet Archive
- Hlavka Foundation (in Czech)
- chateau Lužany, Hlavka's residence
- Ruth Fraňková: Josef Hlávka: one of the greatest Czech philanthropists, Český rozhlas, 12.3.2008 (in English)
- Prize of Josef Hlávka for the Best Students and Graduates (in English)
- Czechs celebrate centenary of their own Nobel (in English)