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Czech Technical University in Prague

Czech Technical University in Prague (CTU, Czech: České vysoké učení technické v Praze, ČVUT) is one of the largest universities in the Czech Republic, and is one of the oldest institutes of technology in Central Europe. It is also the oldest non-military technical university in Europe[1] and the best technical university in the Czech Republic.[2]

Czech Technical University in Prague
České vysoké učení technické v Praze
Czech Technical University in Prague logo.svg
MottoScientia est potentia (Latin)
Motto in English
Knowledge is power
TypePublic
Established1707, Kingdom of Bohemia
RectorVojtěch Petráček
Administrative staff
2 717 (2017)
Students18 875 (2017)
Location
Prague, Czech Republic (main campus), additional 4 smaller campuses

Coordinates: 50°6′7.8″N 14°23′18.5″E / 50.102167°N 14.388472°E / 50.102167; 14.388472
Websitewww.cvut.cz/en
CTU is located in Czech Republic
CTU
CTU

In the academic year 2017/18 Czech Technical University offered 128 degree programs in Czech and 87 in English.


Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The founding decree of the Czech Technical University, ratified by Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor; January 18, 1707

It was established as the Institute of Engineering Education in 1707, but not as a tertiary university but only secondary education (high school), by Emperor Joseph I[3] as a response to Christian Josef Willenberg's petition addressed to preceding emperor Leopold I. In 1806 the institute of Engineering Education was transformed into Prague Polytechnical Institute (or Prague Polytechnic), when the university studies began. After the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the name of the school was changed in 1920 to the Czech Technical University in Prague.

OriginsEdit

In 1705, Christian Josef Willenberg [de] asked Emperor Leopold I for permission to teach "the art of engineering". Later, the emperor's only son, who succeeded him on the throne in 1707 as Joseph I, ordered the Czech state of Prague to provide engineering education. Due to various reasons the request was avoided long periods of time but in October 1716 Willenberg repeated the request and finally on 9 November 1717 a decree by the Czech state granted Willenberg the professorship (first engineering professorship in Central Europe) and on 7 January 1718 he began teaching. Initially, Willenberg started teaching only 12 students in his own apartment (six barons , four knights and two burghers), but gradually students proliferated (in 1779 there were around 200) and they started studying in more suitable premises. Initially, the training focused mainly on the military. Teaching in the first year lasted one hour per day in the second year almost two.

The successor of prof. Willenberg was Johann Ferdinand Schor, builder of hydraulic structures in the basin of the Vltava and author of textbooks used at the school of mathematics. He began under Willenberg's leadership by teaching optics, perspectivity, technical drawing and geography. The third was professor František Antonín Herget, who mainly focused on civil engineering, particularly construction.

In September 1776 Maria Theresa allowed Herget to use the Clementinum building; in 1786 the school moved to the new and better building.

In 1787 the School of Engineering was established at the decree of Emperor Joseph II.

Academic profileEdit

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[4] 601-700
Leiden World[5] 799
THE World[7] 601-800
USNWR World[8] 410
QS World[6] 531-540
National
QS National[9] 2
ARWU National[10] 3
Times National[11] 3

RankingsEdit

The CTU is the best technical university in the Czech Republic. In 2010, in the world rating of THES-QS universities in the category of technical sciences, the CTU took the 121st place, in the category of natural sciences – 246th place[12]. In 2018 Czech Technical University was ranked as 220th in Engineering and Technology in the QS World University Rankings[13].

AdmissionsEdit

Students apply to faculty. Each faculty has different admissions requirements. Acceptance rate ranges from 52.32% (Faculty of Information Technology) to 81.51% (Faculty of Transportation Sciences)[14]. The percentage of international students grew from 2.5% in 2000 to 16.4% in 2017[15][16].

Graduation rateEdit

Due to the pace and difficulty of CTU coursework, high percentage of students fail to complete first year of their studies. First year failure rates range from 23% (Faculty of Civil Engineering) to 47% (Faculty of Information Technology)[17]. Overall, only 48% of undergraduate students end up graduating.

International CooperationEdit

Study and work abroadEdit

CTU has international agreements with 484 foreign universities. Many of them are ranked in the first hundred in QS World University Rankings such as National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Purdue University, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Technical University of Munich, Delft University of Technology or KU Leuven.

CTU has many bilateral agreements with universities outside of Europe. The most sought after universities are from Canada, Australia, Singapore, USA and Japan. That said, every year many students choose to study in attractive destinations such as Argentina, Brazil, China, Hong Kong, Indie, Indonesia, South Africa, South Korea, Costa Rica, Mexico, New Zaeland, Peru, Russia or Taiwan.

CTU also participates in the European programmes Erasmus and Leonardo[18].

International studentsEdit

CTU has currently over 3500 international students from 117 countries. About 750 of them are an exchange students. One of the organizations that takes care of international students is International Student Club (ISC), which organizes Buddy Programme and extra-curricular activities.

Dual diplomaEdit

CTU has currently 21 agreements with universities such as Technical University of Munich, RWTH Aachen or Trinity College Dublin.

Constituent partsEdit

FacultiesEdit

  • Faculty of Civil Engineering
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering
  • Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering
  • Faculty of Architecture
  • Faculty of Transportation Sciences
  • Faculty of Biomedical Engineering (located in Kladno)
  • Faculty of Information Technology

University InstitutesEdit

Other Constituent PartsEdit

  • Computing and Information Centre
  • Technology and Innovation Centre
  • The Research Centre for Industrial Heritage
  • Centre for Radiochemistry and Radiation Chemistry
  • Division of Construction and Investment
  • Central Library

Service facilitiesEdit

  • CTU Rector's Office
  • Service Facilities
  • Publishing House

Student clubs, CTU Student UnionEdit

Student clubs within the CTU are integrated in the Student Union. It has 27 members and covers wide range of free time activities, with biggest club called Silicon Hill. The Student Union also organizes social events for students through the year.

Notable alumniEdit

PhotosEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Czech Technical University In Prague - Topuniversities
  2. ^ "Czech Technical University (CTU)". msmstudy.eu.
  3. ^ "Rescript of the Emperor Joseph I". Archived from the original on 2009-10-05.
  4. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/ARWU2018.html
  5. ^ http://www.leidenranking.com/ranking/2018/list
  6. ^ https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2019
  7. ^ https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2018/world-ranking#!/page/0/length/25/locations/CZ/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/stats
  8. ^ https://www.usnews.com/education/best-global-universities/search?region=europe&country=czech-republic&name=
  9. ^ https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2019
  10. ^ http://www.shanghairanking.com/ARWU2018.html
  11. ^ https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2018/world-ranking#!/page/0/length/25/locations/CZ/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/stats
  12. ^ "Czech Technical University (CTU)". msmstudy.eu.
  13. ^ "QS Engineering and Technology ranking". topuniversities.com.
  14. ^ "Acceptance rate of Czech Universities". vysokeskoly.com.
  15. ^ "Annual report 2000" (PDF). cvut.cz (in Czech).
  16. ^ "Annual report 2017" (PDF). cvut.cz (in Czech).
  17. ^ "Annual report 2017" (PDF). cvut.cz (in Czech). p. 77.
  18. ^ "Czech Technical University (CTU)". msmstudy.eu.

External linksEdit