Khost (Pashto: خوست, Persian: خوست) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country. To the east, Khost Province is bordered by North Waziristan and Kurram in Pakistan. Khost Province used to be part of Paktia Province in the past, and the larger region surrounding Khost is still called Loya Paktia ("Greater Paktia").
A village in the Nadir Shah Kot District of Khost Province
Map of Afghanistan with Khost highlighted
|Coordinates (Capital): Coordinates:|
|• Governor||Mohammad Sadiq Patman|
|• Total||4,151.5 km2 (1,602.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||140/km2 (360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)|
The city of Khost serves as the capital of Khost province. The population of the province is around 546,800, which is mostly a tribal society. Khost Airport serves the province for domestic flights to Afghanistan's capital, Kabul.
In 1924, Khost Province, then known as Southern Province, was the scene of a rebellion by the Mangal Pashtun Tribe, known as the Khost rebellion. The rebellion was ultimately unsuccessful, and was defeated in 1925 by the Afghan Government. Khost was part of Paktia Province until 1985, when the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan regime made it a separate province.
Politics and governanceEdit
The current governor of the province is Mohammad Sadiq Patman. The city of Khost is the capital of Khost province. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are controlled by the Afghan National Police (ANP). The border of Afghanistan's Khost province with neighboring Pakistan's FATA is monitored and protected by the Afghan Border Police (ABP), which is part of the ANP. The border is called the Durand Line and is known to be one of the most dangerous in the world due to heavy militant activities and illegal smugglings. A provincial police chief is assigned to lead both the ANP and ABP. The police chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP is backed by other Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF).
The percentage of households with clean drinking water increased from 34% in 2005 to 35% in 2011. The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 18% in 2005 to 32% in 2011.
|Nadir Shah Kot||32,522|
|Shamal||13,920||Shifted from Paktia Province in 2005|
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- Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers
- Imperial gazetteer of India: provincial series, Volume 20. Publisher Supt. of Govt. Print., 1908
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