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Kauai County, Hawaii

Kauaʻi County is a county in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi. It consists of the islands of Kauaʻi, Niʻihau, Lehua, and Kaʻula. As of the 2010 Census the population was 67,091.[1] The county seat is Līhuʻe.[2]

Kauai County
Captain James Cook statue
Official seal of Kauai County
Seal
Map of Hawaii highlighting Kauai County
Location within the U.S. state of Hawaii
Map of the United States highlighting Hawaii
Hawaii's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 22°04′00″N 159°39′00″W / 22.066666666667°N 159.65°W / 22.066666666667; -159.65
Country United States
State Hawaii
Founded1905
SeatLihue
Largest communityKapa‘a
Area
 • Total1,266 sq mi (3,280 km2)
 • Land620 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Water646 sq mi (1,670 km2)  51.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
72,133
 • Density116/sq mi (45/km2)
Time zoneUTC−10 (Hawaii–Aleutian)
 • Summer (DST)HADT
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.kauai.gov

The Kapa'a Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Kauai County.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,266 square miles (3,280 km2), of which 620 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 646 square miles (1,670 km2) (51.0%) is water.[3] The Pacific Ocean surrounds the county.

Adjacent CountyEdit

National protected areasEdit

Government and PoliticsEdit

Kauaʻi County has a mayor-council form of municipal government. Executive authority is vested in the Mayor of Kauaʻi, elected by the voters on a nonpartisan basis to a four-year term. Legislative authority is vested in the seven-member County Council. All members of the County Council are elected on a nonpartisan, at-large basis to two-year terms.

United States CongressEdit

Kauai County, like the rest of Hawaii, is represented entirely by Democrats in both the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 1 Mazie Hirono Democratic 2013 Junior Senator
  Senate Class 3 Brian Schatz Democratic 2012 Senior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Kauai County Represented
  District 2 Tulsi Gabbard Democratic 2013 entire county

Hawaii LegislatureEdit

Hawaii SenateEdit

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Kaua'i County Represented
  8 Ron Kouchi Democratic 2010 entire county

Hawaii House of RepresentativesEdit

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Kaua'i County Represented
  14 Nadine Nakamura Democratic 2016 Hanalei, Princeville, Kīlauea, Anahola, Kapa'a, Wailua
  15 James Tokioka Democratic 2007 Wailuā Homesteads, Hanamā'ulu, Līhu'e, Puhi, Kōloa, 'Ōma'o
  16 Dee Morikawa Democratic 2011 Ni'ihau, Lehua, Kōloa, Waimea

ElectionsEdit

FederalEdit

Kauai County has traditionally been a solid Democratic stronghold. The county has not voted Republican since the 1984 federal election, when it narrowly voted in favor of Ronald Reagan.

Kauai County vote
by party in presidential elections
[4]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 28.8% 7,574 62.5% 16,456 8.7% 2,305
2012 24.1% 6,121 73.5% 18,641 2.4% 610
2008 22.9% 6,245 75.0% 20,416 2.1% 563
2004 39.2% 9,740 60.0% 14,916 0.9% 220
2000 30.2% 6,583 61.9% 13,470 7.9% 1,720
1996 25.3% 5,325 63.5% 13,357 11.1% 2,338
1992 32.8% 6,274 56.0% 10,715 11.2% 2,138
1988 41.0% 8,298 58.1% 11,770 1.0% 198
1984 50.5% 9,249 48.3% 8,862 1.2% 221
1980 35.4% 5,883 54.6% 9,081 10.0% 1,657
1976 43.2% 6,278 55.8% 8,105 1.0% 139
1972 58.4% 7,571 41.6% 5,401
1968 36.5% 4,140 62.2% 7,051 1.4% 155
1964 18.5% 1,971 81.6% 8,713
1960 55.0% 5,655

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
190020,734
191023,95215.5%
192029,43822.9%
193035,94222.1%
194035,818−0.3%
195029,905−16.5%
196028,176−5.8%
197029,7615.6%
198039,08231.3%
199051,17730.9%
200058,46314.2%
201067,09114.8%
Est. 201872,133[5]7.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 58,463 people, 20,183 households, and 14,572 families residing in the county. The population density was 94 people per square mile (36/km²). There were 25,331 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 29.5% White, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 36.0% Asian, 9.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 23.8% from two or more races. 8.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,183 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males.

EconomyEdit

Top employersEdit

According to the County's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[11] the top non-government employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Grand Hyatt Kauai Resort and Spa 997
2 Kauai Marriott Resort & Beach Club 564
3 Manu Kai (ITT/Ke`aki Technologies joint venture) 529
4 Wilcox Memorial Hospital 486
5 Walmart 417
6 Big Save 410
7 The St. Regis Princeville Resort 336
8 Sheraton Kauai Resort 309
9 Kauai Beach Resort 250
10 Nursefinders 238

EducationEdit

Higher educationEdit

Kauai Community College is the county's only institution of higher education. One of the ten branches of the University of Hawai'i system, it offers a range of 2-year degrees and is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

Primary and Secondary EducationEdit

Public schools in the county are operated by the Hawai'i Department of Education, and the county is represented by Maggie Cox on the state's Board of Education. There are 14 elementary schools, 4 middle schools and 3 high schools in the county.

High schoolsEdit

Middle schoolsEdit

  • Kamakahelei Middle School
  • Kapa'a Middle School
  • Waimea Canyon Middle School
  • Ni'ihau Elementary and Middle School

Elementary schoolsEdit

  • Eleele Elementary School
  • Hanalei Elementary School
  • Kalaheo Elementary School
  • Kanuikapono PCS
  • Kapa'a Elementary
  • Kaumualii Elementary School
  • Kawaikini NCPS
  • Ke Kula Ni'ihau Kekaha PCS
  • Kekaha Elementary School
  • Kilauea Elementary School
  • Kōloa Elementary School
  • Kula Aupuni Niʻihau A Kahelelani Aloha
  • Wilcox Elementary School
  • Ni'ihau Elementary and Middle School

Private schoolsEdit

There are two private schools in the county: Island School, and the Kahili Adventist School.

TransportationEdit

Lihue Airport serves the island of Kauai. Bus service is provided by The Kauai Bus.

Major HighwaysEdit

CommunitiesEdit

There are no incorporated communities in Kauai County, or in any other county of Hawaii. The county is the only form of local government in the State of Hawaii.

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated placesEdit

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 5, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ County of Kauai CAFR Archived 2012-11-06 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 22°04′N 159°39′W / 22.067°N 159.650°W / 22.067; -159.650