Bangued, officially the Municipality of Bangued (Ilocano: Ili ti Bangued; Tagalog: Bayan ng Bangued), is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Abra, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 50,382 people. [3]

Bangued
Municipality of Bangued
View of Abra Valley from Casamata Hill
View of Abra Valley from Casamata Hill
Official seal of Bangued
Map of Abra with Bangued highlighted
Map of Abra with Bangued highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Bangued is located in Philippines
Bangued
Bangued
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°36′N 120°37′E / 17.6°N 120.62°E / 17.6; 120.62Coordinates: 17°36′N 120°37′E / 17.6°N 120.62°E / 17.6; 120.62
CountryPhilippines
RegionCordillera Administrative Region
ProvinceAbra
District Lone district
Barangays31 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMila A. Valera
 • Vice MayorJoaquin Enrico V. Bernos
 • RepresentativeMenchie B. Bernos
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate34,570 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total105.70 km2 (40.81 sq mi)
Elevation
57 m (187 ft)
Highest elevation
401 m (1,316 ft)
Lowest elevation
23 m (75 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total50,382
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Households
12,279
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence
8.89
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 399.2 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 372.3 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 383.8 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 54.29 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityAbra Electric Cooperative (ABRECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2800
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)74
Native languagesItneg
Ilocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.bangued.gov.ph

EtymologyEdit

The name Bangued evolved from the Ilocano word "Bangen," which means roadblock, anything that discourages. The Spanish spelled it as "bangued." The "D" was substituted for the nasal sound of "H." When the Americans came the pronunciation was changed to "bangued." To discourage raids in the settlement at Bangued, which is usually situated from Pantoc (now called Penarrubia), "bangen" were placed at the roads leading to the town.

The Tingguians prevented the Spanish forces from penetrating their area of which they placed roadblocks on all roads leading to the place. They also cut large logs and threw them to the Abra River to prevent the incoming Spanish colonist and Ilocano settlers from entering the area with the use of their boats and bamboo rafts. When the logs reached Nagtalabungan the strength of the currents allowed many of these trees to be left behind for the strong current gets narrower as it bends westwards on its course to the South China Sea across a gap in the Ilocos range, better known as "Banaoang." These logs were also made as obstacles and big rocks were placed along the roads which the natives called "bangen."

HistoryEdit

Pre-colonial periodEdit

The early settlers were the Tingguians belonging to the Bago, Itneg, Masadiit, lbanao, and Indayas tribes who later intermarried with the immigrants from Ilocos Sur. The Tingguians opposed the Christianization introduced by the Spanish friars who penetrated the eastern settlements.

Spanish eraEdit

In 1598, Augustinian fathers Martin and Minon were able to penetrate the valley and found a "mission" in Bangued. A Spanish military garrison was also established to protect the inhabitants from the attacks of the head hunters.

In November 1601, Fray Esteban Marín in the company of an expedition under Captain Mateo de Aranda arrived in Abra but was killed, with his body tied up to a tree, shot by arrows, before being dismembered.

In 1614, Fr. Juan de Pareja, "Conquistador Espiritual" of Abra, arrived with the protection of the Spanish garrison and advanced further to the interior. In 1615, Fr. Juan Pareja organized Bangued as a mission center and baptized 3,000 Tingguians with the help of their chief, Manuel Dumawal.

On April 5, 1617, Bangued was created into a ministry by the Augustinians and Fr. Pedro Columbo was the first minister. Bangued was made an independent mission territory in 1692.

The construction of the big church in Bangued began in 1722 and was completed in 1807. It was about 73 meters long. A spacious convento was built adjoining it. It later became the Sacred Heart of Jesus Academy, which is now the Holy Spirit Academy, a convent for sisters and a school for girls and boys.

On July 25, 1861, the Feast of St. James the Great (Apo Senor Santiago), the town was formally inaugurated.

In August 1898, Fr. Inocencio Vega was the last Spanish missionary to work in Bangued.

American periodEdit

When the Americans colonized the country and established the civil government, the town's name was modified to "Bangued".

World War IIEdit

On March 10, 1945, at 3:00 P.M., some American planes guided by Filipinos dropped incendiary bombs on the capitol, the catholic church and adjoining buildings. On subsequent days the whole town was bombed. Whoever the bombers saw, they machine-gunned and the whole town as in flames and ruins. Many were burned and whoever could escape fled to the barrios.

CityhoodEdit

Cityhood for Bangued is being given a push in the 16th Congress. Abra Representative Ma. Jocelyn Bernos filed a resolution seeking congressional nod for the capital town's cityhood.[5]

GeographyEdit

Bangued is a landlocked municipality, located at 17°36′N 120°37′E / 17.6°N 120.62°E / 17.6; 120.62. It is elongated in shape towards the north and south, and bisected through the center by the large Abra River. It is situated in the western portion of the province with boundaries defined by the Province of Ilocos Norte and the Municipality of Danglas in the north; La Paz, Tayum and Peñarrubia in the east; San Isidro in the south, and Langiden and Pidigan in the west.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 105.70 square kilometres (40.81 sq mi)[6] constituting 2.54% of the 4,165.25-square-kilometre- (1,608.21 sq mi) total area of Abra. The town is generally mountainous from north to south; however, it is flat and rolling at the midsection. From here it has an elevation of 30 metres (98 ft) above mean sea level. In the north, which consists mostly of mountains, elevation ranges from 60 to 1,036 metres (197 to 3,399 ft). In the south, which is interspersed with mountain and hills, elevation ranges from 45 to 300 metres (148 to 984 ft). One such hill is Cassamata Hill which was declared a national park.

Bangued is accessible through the Abra-Ilocos Sur National Road from the west, Abra-Kalinga Road from the north-east, and Abra-Ilocos Norte Road from the North. It is 408 kilometres (254 mi) from Manila, 196 kilometres (122 mi) from Baguio and 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Vigan.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Bangued, Abra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
22
(71)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
23
(0.9)
92
(3.6)
122
(4.8)
153
(6.0)
137
(5.4)
139
(5.5)
141
(5.6)
42
(1.7)
14
(0.6)
896
(35.4)
Average rainy days 4.6 4.0 6.2 9.1 19.5 23.2 24.0 22.5 21.5 15.2 10.5 6.0 166.3
Source: Meteoblue [7]

The climate falls under the first type of tropical climate, which is characterized by two pronounced seasons, dry from November to April and wet during the remaining months of the year. Prevailing wind blowing in the area is mostly in the direction from north-west to southeast. However, during summer in the absence of weather disturbance, wind blows from north to south or east to west.

BarangaysEdit

Bangued is politically subdivided into 31 barangays[8] with 77 sitios. These barangays are headed by elected officials: Barangay Captain, Barangay Council, whose members are called Barangay Councilors. All are elected every three years.


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[9]
140101001 Agtangao 4.6% 2,295 2,164 0.59%
140101002 Angad 4.9% 2,464 2,298 0.70%
140101004 Bañacao 4.9% 2,486 1,749 3.58%
140101003 Bangbangar 2.5% 1,243 1,190 0.44%
140101005 Cabuloan 2.0% 1,028 1,131 −0.95%
140101006 Calaba 6.9% 3,494 2,890 1.92%
140101009 Cosili East (Proper) 1.8% 908 957 −0.52%
140101008 Cosili West (Buaya) 2.7% 1,336 1,175 1.29%
140101010 Dangdangla 4.3% 2,149 1,623 2.85%
140101011 Lingtan 1.7% 859 862 −0.03%
140101012 Lipcan 3.9% 1,975 1,676 1.65%
140101013 Lubong 1.4% 699 690 0.13%
140101014 Macarcarmay 1.3% 667 695 −0.41%
140101016 Macray 1.5% 749 755 −0.08%
140101017 Malita 0.8% 401 373 0.73%
140101015 Maoay 1.5% 742 736 0.08%
140101018 Palao 3.4% 1,697 1,676 0.12%
140101019 Patucannay 2.9% 1,450 1,411 0.27%
140101020 Sagap 1.7% 863 775 1.08%
140101021 San Antonio 1.7% 878 913 −0.39%
140101022 Santa Rosa 4.0% 1,997 1,784 1.13%
140101023 Sao-atan 2.1% 1,077 976 0.99%
140101024 Sappaac 2.6% 1,318 1,238 0.63%
140101007 Tablac (Calot) 3.1% 1,541 1,408 0.91%
140101031 Zone 1 Poblacion (Linasin) 4.4% 2,212 2,017 0.93%
140101025 Zone 2 Poblacion (Consiliman) 2.7% 1,376 1,325 0.38%
140101026 Zone 3 Poblacion (Lalaud) 3.8% 1,927 1,622 1.74%
140101027 Zone 4 Poblacion (Town Proper) 2.1% 1,073 1,040 0.31%
140101028 Zone 5 Poblacion (Bo. Barikir) 5.1% 2,566 2,277 1.20%
140101029 Zone 6 Poblacion (Sinapangan) 3.7% 1,884 1,789 0.52%
140101030 Zone 7 Poblacion (Baliling) 5.6% 2,809 2,721 0.32%
Total 50,382 43,936 1.38%

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Bangued
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 12,956—    
1918 14,383+0.70%
1939 15,287+0.29%
1948 14,792−0.37%
1960 19,368+2.27%
1970 24,587+2.41%
1975 25,597+0.81%
1980 28,666+2.29%
1990 34,184+1.78%
1995 35,450+0.68%
2000 38,965+2.05%
2007 46,179+2.37%
2010 43,936−1.80%
2015 48,163+1.76%
2020 50,382+0.89%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][9][11][12]

In the 2020 census, Bangued had a population of 50,382. [3] The population density was 480 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi).

EconomyEdit


 
Municipal hall
 
San Lorenzo Ruiz Shrine

The economy of the municipality is heavily dependent on agriculture particularly palay and corn, followed by trade and industry. Chinese businessmen dominate trade and manufacturing as a common preoccupation of the populace.

The commercial activity of Bangued is confined in the urban core establishing a linear pattern of development along major thoroughfares. This is evident from Torrijos Street to Taft Street of Zone 5, McKinley Street to Santiago Street and Partelo Street of Zone 4, and Capitulacion Street of Zone 1 and Zone 2.

For the year 2000 there were 1,539 commercial/business enterprises classified as wholesale and retail trade, dry and wet markets, banking and finance, service and others. There were 9 large suppliers of lumber, hardware and other construction supplies and materials. Likewise there were also about 3 large contractors with undetermined number of small to medium scale. On the other hand, there were also a number of large to medium scale suppliers of general merchandise, groceries and various types of prime commodities.

As the economic center of Abra, small scale or cottage industries abound. The most common are hollow blocks and other concrete products manufacturing with gravel and sand readily available at the Abra River bank. Wood and bamboo craft are also promising business enterprises with raw materials available in the vicinity and in the hinterlands for narra and other species of hardwood, rattan, and bamboos. Metalcraft, tinsmithing, jewelry making is also expanding while a lot of households are now in the small scale processing or value adding activities appertaining to various food items.

GovernmentEdit

Bangued, belonging to the lone congressional district of the province of Abra, is governed by a mayor designated as its local chief executive and by a municipal council as its legislative body in accordance with the Local Government Code. The mayor, vice mayor, and the councilors are elected directly by the people through an election which is being held every three years.

Elected officialsEdit

Members of the Municipal Council
(2019–2022)[20]
Position Name
Congressman Joseph Santo Niño B. Bernos
Mayor Dominic B. Valera
Vice-Mayor Mila A. Valera
Councilors Joaquin Enrico V. Bernos
Salvacion B. Borja
Mark Froilan P. Seares
Danilo A. Adame
Rowena B. Bringas
Mark Anthony R. Go
Essex B. Baroña
Avelino B. Bello

HealthcareEdit

  • Valera Medical Hospital (formerly known as Saint James Clinic), Zone 7 — Private
  • Bangued Christian Hospital, Lorben's Hill, Torrijos St., Zone 5 — Private
  • Assumpta Hospital, Zone 7 - Private
  • Abra Provincial Hospital, Barangay Calaba — Public
  • Seares Memorial Clinic, Zone 4 — Private
  • Saint Jude Clinic, Zone 7 — Private
  • Bobila Clinic, Zone 7 — Private

EducationEdit

 
Bangued West Elementary School
 
Holy Spirit Academy

The municipality has a total of 24 Educational Institutions at all levels. 21 belong to the government while the rest are private. Of the total public schools, 19 belongs to the elementary levels. Most of the educational institutions of higher levels secondary and tertiary are concentrated in the urban core, while elementary schools are strategically located in different barangays forming their own catchment areas.

Aside from these institutions there are at least 15 daycare centers located in different barangays, and 5 private institutions for pre-schoolers complementing that from the government.

The total number of elementary school teachers in the public sector is 218 giving a gross teacher pupil ratio of 1:30 (SY 1999-2000 DepEd), in the private there are 193 with a ratio of 1:28 in the same period. Two public libraries complement existing facilities, the Provincial Library located al Santiago St. Zone 3 and the Integrated Bar of the Philippines Library located at the Municipal Trial Court.

CollegesEdit

  • Divine Word College of Bangued, Zone 6 — Private
  • Abra Valley Colleges, Zone 4 — Semi-private
  • Data Center College of the Phils., Lipcan,Ubbog
Private
  • Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology, Zone 3 — Public

High schoolsEdit

  • Divine Word College of Bangued, Zone 6 — Private
  • Abra Valley Colleges, Zone 4 — Private
  • Holy Spirit Academy of Bangued, Zone 5 — Private;
  • Abra State Institute of Sciences and Technology, Zone 3 — Public
  • Abra High School, Zone 3 — Public
  • Saint Joseph Seminary
  • Sacred Heart School of Bangued, Zone 6 — Private

TransportationEdit

Passenger buses, mini-buses, jeepneys and tricycles including cargo are the major means of transportation in the town. Buses, mini-buses and jeepneys ply the longer routes covering the entire province of Abra and out, while tricycles serve only the inner arteries of the municipality's barangays including the adjacent towns of Pidigan, Tayum and Peñarrubia on a chartered ride basis.

Buses going to Manila have their own permanent station/terminal, while all the rest are accommodated and parked along various open lots, gasoline stations, etc.

There are jeeps that ply from Bangued to Narvacan.

GMW trans have daily trips to Tuguegarao and Santiago City.

Notable PersonalitiesEdit

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Bangued | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Dumlao, Artemio (July 13, 2013). "Bangued cityhood pushed in Congress". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on July 14, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
  6. ^ "Province: Abra". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  7. ^ "Bangued: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  8. ^ "Municipal: Bangued". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Abra". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  20. ^ "2019 National and Local Elections" (PDF). Commission on Elections. Retrieved March 11, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "Vigan City and Bangued, Abra forge Sisterhood ties". Vigan City Council. November 26, 2008. Archived from the original on January 29, 2009. Retrieved October 11, 2016.

External linksEdit