Suō-Ōshima

Suō-Ōshima (周防大島町, Suō-Ōshima-chō) is a town and an island located in Ōshima District, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan.

Suō-Ōshima
周防大島町
Town
Suō-Ōshima town hall
Suō-Ōshima town hall
Flag of Suō-Ōshima
Official seal of Suō-Ōshima
Location of Suō-Ōshima in Yamaguchi Prefecture
Location of Suō-Ōshima in Yamaguchi Prefecture
Suō-Ōshima is located in Japan
Suō-Ōshima
Suō-Ōshima
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 33°55′N 132°14′E / 33.917°N 132.233°E / 33.917; 132.233Coordinates: 33°55′N 132°14′E / 33.917°N 132.233°E / 33.917; 132.233
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku
San'yō
PrefectureYamaguchi Prefecture
DistrictŌshima
Government
 • MayorTakumi Shiiki
Area
 • Total138.17 km2 (53.35 sq mi)
Population
 (May 2008)
 • Total20,163
 • Density146/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address126-2, Ōaza Komatsu, Suō-Ōshima-chō, Ōshima-gun, Yamaguchi-ken
742-2192
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.town.suo-oshima.lg.jp
Symbols
FlowerMikan
TreeMikan

Suō-Ōshima was formed on October 1, 2004 from the merger of the former towns of Ōshima, Kuka, Tachibana and Tōwa, all from towns of Ōshima District.

As of April 1, 2017, the town has an estimated population of 17,030. The total area is 138.17 km².

Suo-Oshima has established a sister island relationship with the County of Kauai, Hawaii in 1963. A 50th Anniversary commemoration was held on Kauai in October 2013. Current Mayors Takumi Shiiki (Suo-Oshima) and Bernard P. Carvalho, Jr. (Kauai) signed a Reaffirmation of Friendship agreement.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Suō-Ōshima has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much higher in summer than in winter. The average annual temperature in Suō-Ōshima is 16.0 °C (60.8 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,736.1 mm (68.35 in) with June as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.8 °C (80.2 °F), and lowest in January, at around 6.0 °C (42.8 °F).[1] The highest temperature ever recorded in Suō-Ōshima was 35.6 °C (96.1 °F) on 20 August 2010; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −6.8 °C (19.8 °F) on 27 February 1981.[2]

Climate data for Agenoshō, Suō-Ōshima (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20.4
(68.7)
22.2
(72.0)
27.0
(80.6)
30.6
(87.1)
32.5
(90.5)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
34.0
(93.2)
30.1
(86.2)
25.4
(77.7)
21.5
(70.7)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.6
(51.1)
13.8
(56.8)
18.6
(65.5)
23.0
(73.4)
25.6
(78.1)
29.5
(85.1)
31.2
(88.2)
27.9
(82.2)
22.9
(73.2)
17.6
(63.7)
12.4
(54.3)
20.3
(68.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.3
(43.3)
9.3
(48.7)
13.8
(56.8)
18.1
(64.6)
21.4
(70.5)
25.4
(77.7)
26.8
(80.2)
23.9
(75.0)
19.0
(66.2)
13.5
(56.3)
8.3
(46.9)
16.0
(60.8)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
2.0
(35.6)
4.8
(40.6)
9.1
(48.4)
13.6
(56.5)
18.1
(64.6)
22.3
(72.1)
23.5
(74.3)
20.8
(69.4)
15.4
(59.7)
9.6
(49.3)
4.1
(39.4)
12.1
(53.8)
Record low °C (°F) −5.0
(23.0)
−6.8
(19.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
−1.1
(30.0)
4.9
(40.8)
10.0
(50.0)
15.4
(59.7)
17.6
(63.7)
11.8
(53.2)
3.7
(38.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−6.8
(19.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.9
(2.28)
85.1
(3.35)
136.0
(5.35)
155.3
(6.11)
179.5
(7.07)
281.3
(11.07)
275.1
(10.83)
117.1
(4.61)
160.3
(6.31)
129.8
(5.11)
88.0
(3.46)
70.2
(2.76)
1,736.1
(68.35)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.1 8.2 10.1 9.7 8.9 11.9 10.2 7.1 8.9 7.3 7.5 7.0 103.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 161.3 157.0 187.3 209.2 225.5 171.4 206.5 243.8 179.6 186.2 166.0 160.4 2,256.1
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[1][2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Suō-Ōshima in 2020 is 14,798 people.[3] Suō-Ōshima has been conducting censuses since 1920.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 52,808—    
1925 54,406+3.0%
1930 53,778−1.2%
1935 52,526−2.3%
1940 49,546−5.7%
1945 64,928+31.0%
1950 63,090−2.8%
YearPop.±%
1955 57,208−9.3%
1960 49,739−13.1%
1965 43,359−12.8%
1970 37,631−13.2%
1975 34,331−8.8%
1980 32,021−6.7%
1985 29,749−7.1%
YearPop.±%
1990 27,119−8.8%
1995 24,795−8.6%
2000 23,013−7.2%
2005 21,392−7.0%
2010 19,092−10.8%
2015 17,199−9.9%
2020 14,798−14.0%
Suō-Ōshima population statistics[3]

EducationEdit

Schools in Suo-Oshima:

Oshima Shosen, Suo-Oshima High School

Junior High Schools: Towa JHS, Kuka JHS, Agenosho JHS, Oshima JHS

Elementary Schools: Yuda ES, Morino ES, Joyama ES, Kuka ES, Agenosho ES, Shimanaka ES, Meishin ES, Migama ES, Okiura ES

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  2. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Suō-Ōshima population statistics

External linksEdit