Kamenický Šenov

Kamenický Šenov (German: Steinschönau) is a town in Česká Lípa District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 3,900 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Kamenický Šenov
View towards the town
View towards the town
Flag of Kamenický Šenov
Coat of arms of Kamenický Šenov
Kamenický Šenov is located in Czech Republic
Kamenický Šenov
Kamenický Šenov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°46′39″N 14°28′16″E / 50.77750°N 14.47111°E / 50.77750; 14.47111Coordinates: 50°46′39″N 14°28′16″E / 50.77750°N 14.47111°E / 50.77750; 14.47111
Country Czech Republic
RegionLiberec
DistrictČeská Lípa
First mentioned1352
Government
 • MayorMichal Třešňák
Area
 • Total10.47 km2 (4.04 sq mi)
Elevation
525 m (1,722 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total3,918
 • Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
471 14
Websitewww.kamenicky-senov.cz

Administrative partsEdit

The village of Prácheň is an administrative part of Kamenický Šenov.

HistoryEdit

 
Glass Museum and Church of the Birth of Saint John the Baptist

The first written mention of Kamenický Šenov is from 1352, as a village called Sonov founded by immigrant Sorbs. The village belonged to the Česká Kamenice manor, therefore it began to be called Kamenický Šenov.[2]

In the 17th century, the local glassmakers are first mentioned, and during the 17th and 18th centuries there was a massive boom in glass refining and in glass trade. The glass industry significantly contributed to the rapid growth of Kamenický Šenov and the inhabitants began to get rich.[2]

Until 1918, the city was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the TetschenDěčín District, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[3]

EconomyEdit

The town has a long history of glass works. It is also known for the manufacture of chandeliers, operated by the company Preciosa.[2][4]

EducationEdit

The Secondary Glassmaking School in Kamenický Šenov was founded in 1856 and is the oldest vocational school of its kind in the world.[5]

SightsEdit

 
Panská skála

The history of glass making in the town is presented in Glass Museum Kamenický Šenov. It is located in a historic building, built around 1770.[6]

The main landmark of the town centre is the Church of the Birth of Saint John the Baptist. It is a baroque building from 1715–1718.[7]

Panská skála is a national nature monument and a symbol of the town. It is a basalt rock, locally known as the "stone organ pipes".[8]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Kamenický Šenov is twinned with:[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b c "Historie města" (in Czech). Město Kamenický Šenov. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  3. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  4. ^ "Contact". Preciosa – Lustry a.s. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  5. ^ "The 150th anniversary of the Glassmaking School in Kamenicky Senov". Czech Radio. 2006-06-16. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  6. ^ "Budova" (in Czech). Glass Museum. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  7. ^ "Kostel Narození sv. Jana Křtitele, Kamenický Šenov" (in Czech). Liberec Region. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  8. ^ "Panská skála National Nature Monument". Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 2021-07-30.
  9. ^ "Partnerské město" (in Czech). Město Kamenický Šenov. Retrieved 2021-07-30.

External linksEdit