Open main menu

[3]Kalinga is a dialect continuum of Kalinga Province in the Philippines, spoken by the Igorot people, alongside Ilocano. The Banao Itneg variety is not one of the neighboring Itneg languages.

Native toPhilippines
Regionmost parts of Kalinga, northern parts of Mountain Province, eastern parts of Abra and southern parts of Apayao, Luzon
Native speakers
110,000 (1998–2008)[1]
No estimate for Mabaka Valley
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
bjx – Banao Itneg
tis – Masadiit Itneg
ity – Moyadan Itneg
kyb – Butbut Kalinga
kmk – Limos Kalinga
kml – Tanudan Kalinga
knb – Lubuagan Kalinga
kkg – Mabaka Valley Kalinga
kmd – Madukayang Kalinga
ksc – Southern Kalinga (Bangad)
Kalinga dialect continuum map.png
Area where the Kalinga dialect continuum is spoken according to Ethnologue


Ronald Himes (1997)[4] divides Kalinga into 3 dialects.

  • Masadiit (in Abra)
  • Northern Kalinga
  • South-Central Kalinga

Ethnologue reports the following locations for each of the 8 Kalinga languages. Banao Itneg is classified by Ethnologue as Kalinga rather than Itneg.


  1. ^ Banao Itneg at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Masadiit Itneg at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Moyadan Itneg at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Butbut Kalinga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Limos Kalinga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tanudan Kalinga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kalinga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ A Topical Vocabulary in English, Pilipino, Ilocano, and Southern Kalinga. Summer Institute of Linguistics. 1980. pp. iv.
  4. ^ Himes, Ronald S. 1997. “Reconstructions in Kalinga-itneg”. Oceanic Linguistics 36 (1). University of Hawai'i Press: 102–34.