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KTBC, virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is a Fox owned-and-operated television station licensed to Austin, Texas, United States. The station is owned by the Fox Television Stations subsidiary of 21st Century Fox. KTBC maintains studios located on East 10th Street near the Texas State Capitol in downtown Austin, and its transmitter is based at the West Austin Antenna Farm on Mount Larson.

KTBC
KTBC Fox 7 logo.png
Austin, Texas
United States
Branding Fox 7 (general)
Fox 7 Austin News (newscasts)
Slogan Just You Watch (primary general)
We Are Fox 7 (secondary general)
The Right Place, the Right Time for News (news)
Channels Digital: 7 (VHF)
Virtual: 7 (PSIP)
Subchannels (see article)
Affiliations Fox (O&O)
Owner Fox Television Stations
(NW Communications of Austin, Inc.)
First air date November 27, 1952; 64 years ago (1952-11-27)
Call letters' meaning Texas Broadcasting Company
Sister station(s) KDFW, KDFI, KRIV, KTXH
Former channel number(s) Analog:
7 (VHF, 1952–2009)
Digital:
56 (UHF, 1997–2009)
Former affiliations Primary:
CBS (1952–1995)
Secondary:
DuMont (1952–1956)
NBC (1952–1966)
ABC (1952–1971)
Transmitter power 98.6 kW
Height 383 m (1,257 ft)
Facility ID 35649
Transmitter coordinates 30°18′35″N 97°47′34″W / 30.30972°N 97.79278°W / 30.30972; -97.79278
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website www.fox7austin.com

On cable, KTBC can be seen on Charter Spectrum and Grande Communications channel 2.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
KTBC-TV studios, on East Tenth Street in downtown Austin, circa 1980.
 
KTBC studios, circa 2008.

Early historyEdit

KTBC-TV aired its first television broadcast on Thursday, November 27, 1952, becoming the first television station in Austin and Central Texas. It was originally owned by the Texas Broadcasting Company (from whom the call letters are taken), which was in turn owned by then-Senator Lyndon B. Johnson and his wife Lady Bird, alongside KTBC radio (590 AM and 93.7 FM). Lady Bird Johnson used the money from her family inheritance to purchase KTBC-TV, she remained active with her radio station until she was in her eighties which led her to become the first president's wife to have become a millionaire on her own. It carried all four major networks at the time: ABC, CBS, NBC and the now-defunct DuMont Television Network. However, it was a primary CBS affiliate. In its early history, it carried roughly 65% of CBS's schedule; NBC and ABC roughly split the remaining coverage in half.[1]

In 1960, the staff of channel 7 produced a film for the Texas Department of Public Safety, entitled Target Austin. The 20-minute film presents the scenario of a nuclear missile strike on the outskirts of Austin and follows the storylines of several characters from the CONELRAD broadcast to the announcement that it is safe to emerge from shelter. The film takes place in Austin, highlighting several iconic locations in the city, and featured an Austin-based cast and crew: including director Gordon Wilkison (of KTBC), narrator Cactus Pryor (also of KTBC), actress Coleen Hardin, and El Rancho restaurant owner Matt Martinez.[2]

KTBC-TV benefited from a quirk in the FCC's plan for allocating stations. In the early days of broadcast television, there were twelve VHF channels available and 69 UHF channels (later reduced to 55 in 1983). The VHF bands were more desirable because they carried longer distances. Since there were only twelve VHF channels available, there were limitations as to how closely the stations could be spaced.

After the FCC's Sixth Report and Order ended the license freeze and opened the UHF band in 1952, it devised a plan for allocating VHF licenses. Under this plan, almost all of the country would be able to receive two commercial VHF channels plus one noncommercial channel. Most of the rest of the country ("1/2") would be able to receive a third VHF channel. Other areas would be designated as "UHF islands" since they were too close to larger cities for VHF service. The "2" networks became CBS and NBC, "+1" represented non-commercial educational stations, and "1/2" became ABC (which was the weakest network usually winding up with the UHF allocation where no VHF was available).

However, Austin is sandwiched between San Antonio (channels 4, 5, 9, and 12) to the south, Houston (channels 2, 8, 11, and 13) to the east, and Waco/Temple/Bryan (channels 3, 6, 10, and 12) to the north. This created a large doughnut in central Texas where there could be only one VHF license, which became KTBC-TV. Additionally, UHF signals usually do not travel very far over long distances or over rugged terrain. Even though Austin was large enough on paper to support three full network affiliates as early as the 1950s, the technical limitations made several potential owners skittish about the prospects for UHF in a market that stretched from Mason in the west to La Grange in the east, and also included much of the Hill Country.

As a result, KTBC-TV was the only station in Austin until KHFI-TV (channel 42, now KXAN-TV on channel 36) signed on in February 1965. NBC programming continued to be broadcast solely on KTBC-TV for the next 18 months due to contractual obligations. Channel 7 became an exclusive CBS affiliate when all of ABC's programming moved to KVUE (channel 24) when that station first signed on in September 1971.

After Lyndon Johnson became President following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in 1963, the networks established direct feed lines between KTBC and the various network affiliates in New York City, Dallas and Chicago. This facilitated news report relayed while the President was residing either in Austin or at his ranch in Johnson City. News reports were also relayed in the president Oval Office or in his private study at the White House. The Johnsons maintained a penthouse apartment on the fifth floor of the station, which was wired for camera and sound equipment, and used on occasion for local programming on occasions when the Johnsons were away.

After he became President, President Johnson and his family's ownership of KTBC-TV was the source of investigative journalism and reporting, including a front-page story in The Wall Street Journal in March 1964 written by reporter Louis M. Kohlmeier.[3] With a headline that included "How President's Wife Built $17,500 Into Big Fortune in Television," Kohlmeier's reporting and the work done by other reporters and journalists at the time raised questions regarding the former Vice President and then President's influence on behalf of the Austin station.

This multi-network capability was first demonstrated live on August 1, 1966, following the UT Tower sniper incident. After Charles Whitman's sniper rampage had been stopped, the primary newsman on the scene, Neal Spelce, presented a wrap-up of the event that was carried on all three networks live later that evening. Although the connections were later replaced by satellite uplink technology, the lines were maintained for contingency usage for several years.

The Johnsons sold KTBC-TV to the Times Mirror Company in 1973, making it a sister station to KDFW-TV in Dallas. The Johnsons kept the KTBC radio properties, and under then-FCC guidelines changed the stations' call letters to KLBJ-AM-FM. In 1994, Times Mirror sold KTBC-TV to Argyle Television.[4]

As a Fox stationEdit

In December 1993, Fox outbid CBS to obtain the broadcast rights to football games from the National Football Conference of the NFL.[5][6] In 1994, New World Communications signed a long-term affiliation deal with Fox, which was establishing itself as a major network and was looking for more VHF stations. In late 1994, most New World-owned stations (except for two) dropped their longtime "Big Three" affiliations and switched to Fox.[7][8] On January 19, 1995, New World took over operations of the Argyle stations through time brokerage agreements. Nearly three months later, New World completed its merger with Argyle.

On July 1, 1995, KTBC ended its 43-year affiliation with CBS and became a Fox affiliate; the CBS affiliation went to former Fox station KBVO (channel 42), which changed its call letters to KEYE-TV. As the new Fox affiliate, channel 7 was able to continue as Austin's unofficial "home" of the Dallas Cowboys, because of Fox's rights to the NFC. KTBC had carried most Cowboys games since the team's inception in 1960 by virtue of CBS winning television rights to the NFL in 1956. For many years, it also carried Cowboys preseason games, though those telecasts moved to KEYE in 2006. In its early years as a Fox station, KTBC filled its daytime lineup with talk shows and the nighttime schedule with off-network sitcoms.

The station came under ownership of Fox when New World merged with Fox Television Stations in 1996;[9] this made KTBC the first owned-and-operated network station in the Austin market (KEYE was subsequently purchased by CBS in 2000, KTBC became the only English-language network O&O in the market after CBS sold KEYE to Four Points Media Group in 2007). In the spring of 1997, a rumor that KTBC and Phoenix's KSAZ-TV would be traded to the Belo Corporation in exchange for Seattle's KIRO-TV circulated,[10] but this deal never came to fruition. Belo would acquire rival KVUE and Phoenix's KTVK two years later. In recent years, the station's daytime lineup has leaned away from talk shows in favor of running mostly court shows.

KVC 13Edit

K13VC (branded as "KVC 13") was a low-powered station that had broadcast on VHF channel 13, and was co-owned alongside KTBC. The station signed on the air on July 1, 1995 (concurrent with KTBC's switch to Fox), as an independent station. K13VC maintained a general entertainment format featuring sitcoms, drama series and cartoons, along with several programs that also aired on KTBC. When KTBC joined Fox, it declined the Fox Kids weekday block, although both channel 7 and KVC had simulcast Fox Kids' Saturday morning lineup (KTBC would later drop the block in 1997); KVC continued to air the weekday children's block until Fox discontinued it in 2002, leaving only the Saturday lineup.

In 1998, KVC became a UPN affiliate, inheriting the affiliation from the Hill Country Paramount Network operated by LIN TV. When KVC became a UPN affiliate, it also picked up the UPN Kids lineup, which later rebranded as Disney's One Too. The station continued to air UPN programming until August 3, 2000, when Fredericksburg's KBEJ (now KCWX) signed on the air on channel 2. At that time, KVC reverted to independent status, showing syndicated programming, as well as University of Texas and other college sporting events.

K13VC was forced off the air on March 29, 2003,[11] in order to make room for the digital signal of Killeen-based Univision station KAKW-TV.

Digital televisionEdit

Digital channelsEdit

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[12]
7.1 720p 16:9 KTBC-HD Main KTBC programming / Fox
7.2 480i 4:3 KTBC-SD Movies!
7.3 Buzzr Buzzr
7.4 16:9 MeTV MeTV

Analog-to-digital conversionEdit

KTBC shut down its analog signal on June 12, 2009, as part of the FCC-mandated transition to digital television for full-power stations.[13] The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 56, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition, to its analog-era VHF channel 7 for post-transition operations.

News operationEdit

[14]

Former on-air news talentEdit

[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "To Market, To Market, in Austin Texas". Texas Archive of the Moving Image. c. 1969. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Target Austin". Texas Archive of the Moving Image. 1960. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Louis M. Kohlmeier, "The Johnson Wealth." The Wall Street Journal March 23, 1964, 1.
  4. ^ The Media Business; Times Mirror in Talks to Sell TV Stations, The New York Times, March 25, 1993. Retrieved 2-12-2011.
  5. ^ CBS, NBC Battle for AFC Rights // Fox Steals NFC Package, Chicago Sun-Times (via HighBeam Research), December 18, 1993.
  6. ^ "NBC Gets Final N.F.L. Contract While CBS Gets Its Sundays Off". The New York Times. December 21, 1993. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Fox Gains 12 Stations in New World Deal". Chicago Sun-Times. May 23, 1994. Retrieved June 1, 2013. 
  8. ^ Fox Network Takes 12 Stations from Big Three, The Buffalo News (via HighBeam Research), May 24, 1994.
  9. ^ Lowry, Brian (July 18, 1996). "New World Vision : Murdoch's News Corp. to Buy Broadcast Group". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 22, 2012. 
  10. ^ Taylor, Chuck (5 February 1997). "Three-Network Switch Possible For Seattle TV". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KTBC
  13. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations Archived 2013-08-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Caro, Robert (1990). The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Means of Ascent. New York: Alfred A. Knopf INC. 
  15. ^ Kohlmeier, Louis (Mar 23, 1964). "The Johnson Wealth". The Wall Street Journal. 2. 

External linksEdit