The Jat Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army. It is one of the longest serving and most decorated regiments of the Indian Army. The regiment has won 19 battle honours between 1839 and 1947 and post independence 5 battle honours, eight Mahavir Chakra, eight Kirti Chakra, 32 Shaurya Chakras, 39 Vir Chakras and 170 Sena Medals.
Regimental Insignia of the Jat Regiment
|Active||1795 – Present|
|Regimental Centre||Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh|
|Motto(s)||Sangathan Va Veerta (Unity And Valour)|
|War Cry||Jat Balwan, Jai Bhagwan (The Jat is powerful, Victory to god!)|
|Lt Gen SK Saini, AVSM, YSM, VSM|
|Regimental Insignia||The Roman numeral nine representing its ninth position in the regimental hierarchy of the Indian Army of the 1920s. The insignia also has a bugle indicating the Light Infantry antecedents of two of its battalions.|
During its service of over 200 years, the regiment has participated in various actions and operations both in the pre- and post-independence India and abroad, including the First and the Second World Wars. Numerous battalions of the Jat Regiment fought in the First World War including the 14th Murray's Jat Lancers.
British Indian Army: 1795 to 1947Edit
The Regiment claims its origins from the Calcutta Native Militia raised in 1795, which later became an infantry battalion of the Bengal Army. The 14th Murray's Jat Lancers were formed in 1857. After 1860, there was a substantial increase in the recruitment of Jats in the British Indian Army, however, the Class Regiment, The Jats, was initially created as infantry units in 1897 from old battalions of the Bengal Army. In January 1922, at the time of the grouping of the Class Regiments of the Indian Army, the 9th Jat Regiment was formed by bringing under a single regiment, four active and one training battalion.
The British colonists were impressed by the martial qualities of the Jats that they soon started recruiting them in ever-increasing numbers into all branches of the Bengal Army. The 1st Battalion was raised as the 22nd Bengal Native Infantry in 1803.
The 2nd and 3rd Battalions were raised in 1817 and 1823 respectively. All three battalions had distinguished records of service including the winning of many honours during World War I. The 1st Battalion, in particular, served with great distinction in France and Iraq (then Mesopotamia) and was conferred the signal honour of being declared ‘Royal’ in addition to being made Light Infantry.
The Regiment saw a great deal of fighting in North Africa, Ethiopia, Burma, Malaya, Singapore, and Java-Sumatra. A large number of gallantry awards were won including a Victoria Cross and two George Crosses. At the end of the war the Regiment, in company with other regiments of the Indian Infantry, dropped the numeral 9 from its title and became simply the Jat Regiment.
Gates of Somnath templeEdit
After the Battle of Kabul (1842), Governor General Lord Ellenborough had specifically ordered Major General William Nott who was commanding British-Indian forces, to recover a set of ornate gates, known as the Somnath Gates, which had been looted from India by the Afghans and hung at the tomb of Sultan Mahmud II. A whole sepoy regiment, the 43rd Bengal Native Infantry (which later became the 6th Jat Light Infantry after the Indian Rebellion of 1857), was detailed to carry the gates back to India.
In independent India, the Jats maintained the high reputation they had created for themselves on the battle-fields of France and Flanders, Libya, Malaya, and Burma to name a few. In Jammu and Kashmir 1947–48, the China War 1962, the conflicts with Pakistan in 1965 and 1971, and in Sri Lanka and Siachen, they have added to the laurels of the Regiment and the Army. But the actions of 3 Jat under Lt Col (now Brig Retd) Desmond Hayde initially on 1 September and then again on 21–22 September of crossing the Ichhogil Canal and capturing Dograi right up to Batapore-Attocke Awan and knocking on the very doors of Lahore speaks for itself about the battalion's leadership and the bravery of the troops. Recently in the 1999 Kargil conflict five of the Regiment’s battalions took part and once again displayed the excellent soldierly qualities that have made the Jats so well known amongst the community of fighting men. The performance of the Regiment’s battalions during the UN missions in Korea and Congo has been in keeping with its high standards. Again, it performed very well in the counter-insurgency operations that have kept the Indian Army busy ever since independence.
Currently[when?] the regiment has 23 regular battalions, 4 Rastriya Rifles Battalions and 2 reserve battalions
- 1st Battalion (now 2nd MECH)
- 2nd Battalion (former 15th Jat)
- 3rd Battalion (former 10th Jats) (Battle of Dogri)
- 4th Battalion
- 5th Battalion (Phillora Captors)
- 6th Battalion
- 7th Battalion (former 11th Jat)
- 8th Battalion
- 9th Battalion
- 11th Battalion
- 12th Battalion
- 14th Battalion
- 15th Battalion
- 16th Battalion
- 17th Battalion (Kargil)
- 18th Battalion
- 19th Battalion
- 20th Battalion
- 21st Battalion
- 22nd Battalion
- 23rd Battalion
- 5th Battalion of the Rastriya Rifles
- 34th Battalion of the Rastriya Rifles
- 45th Battalion of the Rastriya Rifles
- 61st Battalion of the Rastriya Rifles
- 114 Infantry Battalion (TA) Jat
- 151 Infantry Battalion (TA) Jat
In 1979 the 1st Battalion was converted to the 2nd Battalion Mechanised Infantry Regiment
- Nagpur & Afghanistan, 1839
- Ghuznee (Ghazni, Ali Masjid & Kandahar), 1842
- Cabool (Kabul), 1842
- Maharajpore, Sobraon, Mooltan, Goojrat (Gujarat), Punjab & China, 1858–59
- Kandahar 1880
- Burma 1885–87
- Afghanistan 1879–80
- China 1900
- La Bassée 1914
- Festubert 1914–15
- Shaiba, Ctesiphon, Khan al Baghdadi & Kut al Amara, 1915
- Neuve-Chapelle, France & Flanders, 1914–15
- Kut al Amara 1916
- Mesopotamia 1914–18
- North-West Frontier Province 1914–15 & 1917
- Afghanistan 1919
- Razabil & Burma, 1942–45
- Jitra, Kanglatongbi & Malaya, 1941–42
- Ninshigum, the Muars & North Africa, 1940–43
- Zoji La & Rajauri, 1947
- Jammu and Kashmir 1947-48
- Phillora & Dograi 1965
- Jammu and Kashmir & East Pakistan 1971
When a unit is decorated for counter-insurgency operations, unit citations are given instead of battle or theatre honours.
- 4th battalion, Nagaland 1995
- 7th battalion, J&K 1997, J&K 2003 & Operation Rhino 2016
- 11th battalion, Operation Rakshak 2011
- 34th battalion Rashtriya Rifles, J&K 1997
- 17th battalion, Operation Vijay 1999
- 16th battalion, Operation Rakshak 2005 & 2011
- 21st battalion, Operation Rhino 2009
- 22nd Battalion (JAGUARS), Operation Rakshak 2018
- Risaldar Badlu Singh, 14th Murray's Jat Lancers attached to 29th Lancers (Deccan Horse), Palestine 1918.
- Havildar Abdul Hafiz, 9th Jat Regiment, Imphal 1944.
Maha Vir ChakraEdit
- Lt. Col. (later Brig.) Desmond Hayde, 3 Jat, Dograi 1965
- Maj. Asaram Tyagi , 3 Jat, 1965
- Capt. Anuj Nayyar, 17 Jat, Kargil 1999
- Capt. Kapil Singh Thapa , 3 Jat, 1965
- Brig. Umesh Singh Bawa, 17 Jat, Kargil 1999
- Lt. Col Raj Kumar Suri,4 Jat,1971 war 
- Maj. Harish Chandra Sharma,4 Jat 1971 war 
- Maj. Narain Singh,4 Jat 1971 war 
- Maj. Deepak Rampal, 17 Jat, Kargil 1999
- Havildar Kumar Singh Sogarwal, 17 Jat, Kargil 1999
- Havildar Shish Ram Gill, 8 Jat, Kargil 1999
- Sep Dharajit Singh Chahar,4 Jat,1988 
- Army's Jat Regiment Best Marching Contingent in Republic Day 2007 Parade | India Defence Archived 2007-02-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Army's Jat Regiment Best Marching Contingent in Republic Day 2007 Parade | India Defence http://www.dsalert.org/gallantry-awards/shaurya-chakra
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2011-01-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link).
- Cornwell, Richard (2012-02-28). "2 ANTI-TANK REGIMENT, SAA -TANK AND ANTI-TANK IN THE WESTERN DESERT, 1940-1942 (PART IV)". Scientia Militaria - South African Journal of Military Studies. 6 (4). doi:10.5787/6-4-845. ISSN 2224-0020.
- The Times History of the War: The Battlefield of Europe. Woodward & Van Slyke
- "The valiant Jat soldier - The Tribute". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Dalrymple (2013), pp.444–445
- "britishbattles.com". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 23 October 2007.
- "Official Website of Indian Army". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- We Were There - Medals and Awards - Victoria Cross Winners
- Risaldar Badlu Singh, VC Archived July 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Press Trust of India (19 February 2014). "Jat Regiment's battalion gets environment award". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- War Services of the 9th Jat Regiment by Lieutenant Colonel W. L. Hailes details the military history of the Jat Regiment and of the Jat people between 1893 and 1937.