Janjgir–Champa district

Janjgir–Champa district is a district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. The district headquarters of the district Janjgir–Champa, Janjgir, is the city of Maharaja Jajawalya Dev of the Kalachuri dynasty. Earlier a part of the Bilaspur district, Jangir was carved out in 1998 to a separate district of its own, and ran to a political controversy about the name of the freshly minted district, which it carries to date as the name "Janjgir–Champa". Inhabitants are generally migrants from nearby villages.

Janjgir–Champa district
Temple in Janjgir
Temple in Janjgir
Location in Chhattisgarh
Location in Chhattisgarh
Janjgir-Champa district
Country India
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies6
 • Total4,466.74 km2 (1,724.62 sq mi)
 • Total1,619,707
 • Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Literacy73.7%
 • Sex ratio986
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Average annual precipitation1157.1 mm

The present collector of Janjgir-Champa is Shri Jitendra Kumar Shukla.[1]

History edit

The Janjgir–Champa district, which is best known as the heart of Chhattisgarh because of its central location in state, was established on 25 May 1998. The Vishnu Mandir of the district reflects its golden past. Janjgir- Champa is also a place where one can find a number of temples having very versatile history.

Geography edit

The district is located in the central area of Chhattisgarh. It is bordered on the east by Sakti district, on the north by Korba district, on the west by Bilaspur district and on the south by Baloda Bazar district. The Hasdeo–Bango project has been considered as life supporting canal for this district. Under this project 3/4 area of the district will be covered for irrigation. The district headquarters of Janjgir–Champa is Janjgir, which is situated on National Highway 49. Janjgir is 43 km (27 mi) from Bilaspur and 152 km (94 mi) from State capital Raipur through the rail route.

Administrative divisions edit

Janjgir–Champa district is divided into three subdivisions: Champa, Janjgir and Pamgarh.

There are nine tehsils in Janjgir-Champa: Akaltara, Baloda, Champa, Janjgir, Nawagarh, Pamgarh, Shivrinarayan, Bamhanidih, Saragaon.

There are five blocks/janpad panchayats: Akaltara, Baloda, Bamhindih, Nawagarh and Pamgarh. [2]

Economy edit

Janjgir–Champa district is one of the fastest growing district of India, as 52 power plants are being opened in the district. Janjgir is going to become the "power hub" of the country, which will supply 15 to 20 thousand megawatt electricity. KSK Energy Venture (6 x 600 MW) which is 2nd biggest private thermal power plant of Asia[citation needed], is one of the major thermal power plant of the district.

Janjgir–Champa district is a major producer of food grains in the state. It is a major hub for agricultural trade and a major local market for fresh farm supplies and the district is also famous for limestone.

Cottage industries such as Kosa sarees (Silk), Kansa (Bronze Utensils) & Kanchan (Gold Jewelry) trading and manufacturing work have been done from ancient times.

Transport edit

Railway edit

District headquarters Janjgir is connected with Rail Line of South-Eastern Central Railway. It is situated on HowrahMumbai main line. State capital Raipur is 152 km (94 mi) from Janjgir through rail route. The main railway stations of district Janjgir–Champa are Champa, Janjgir-Naila, Akaltara. The railway station of Janjgir is called Janjgir-Naila after the part of the town in which it is located. Where as Champa JN is A-category Station.

Demographics edit

Religions in Janjgir-Champa district (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Janjgir–Champa has a population of 1,619,707,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[5] or the US state of Idaho.[6] This gives it a ranking of 308th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 421 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,090/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.01%.[4] Janjgir–Champa has a sex ratio of 991 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.7%.[4]

After bifurcation, the district had a population of 966,671, of which 163,553 (16.92%) live in urban areas. Janjgir-Champa has a sex ratio of 973 females per 1000 males. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 249,522 (25.81%) and 82,900 (8.58%) of the population respectively.[4]

Languages of Janjgir-Champa district (2011)[7]

  Chhattisgarhi (94.16%)
  Hindi (4.30%)
  Others (1.54%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 94.16% of the population in the district spoke Chhattisgarhi and 4.30% Hindi as their first language.[7]

Culture edit

One of the most popular religious sites in the district is Shivarinarayan. According to tradition, it was here where Shabari had her ashram. According to the Ramayana, during his exile, Rama encountered Sabari and ate the little food which she could offer him.[8]

Janjgir has been the residence of Annie Funk, a Christian Missionary who lost her life in Titanic. Her house still lies deserted in the city and people often visit the ruins of her house. Further, the Nahariya Baba Temple, a temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman has always been a place of interest for the tourists. Manka Devi Mandir of Khokhra is also a peaceful and nice place of district located between two big ponds. Major tourist places and religious pilgrims are Madanpurgarh, Rishabhtirth, and Vishnu Temple(Janjgir), Shivarinarayan, Pithampur (Kaleshwarnath Temple), Chandrapur (Chandrahasini Temple and Mahanadi river), Adbhar (Ashtabhuji Temple), Samleshwari Temple (Champa). Lord Hanuman Temple (Mehandi) and Kharod (Laxmenshwar temple).

References edit

  1. ^ "Home". janjgir-champa.nic.in.
  2. ^ "About District: Administrative Information". Janjgir–Champa District. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Chhattisgarh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Janjgir-Champa". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Idaho 1,567,582
  7. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Chhattisgarh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ "SHIVARINARAYAN | Janjgir-Champa District, Government of Chhattisgarh | India". Retrieved 2021-05-01.

External links edit

22°01′01″N 82°34′01″E / 22.01694°N 82.56694°E / 22.01694; 82.56694