Jan-Krzysztof Duda (Polish: ['jan ˌkʂɨʂtɔf ˈduda] (listen); born 26 April 1998) is a Polish chess grandmaster. A prodigy, he achieved the grandmaster title in 2013 at the age of 15 years and 21 days. As of May 2023,[update] he is ranked No. 1 in Poland and No. 24 in the world. His personal best rating of 2760 makes him the highest ranked Polish player of all time.
|Born||26 April 1998|
|FIDE rating||2732 (June 2023)|
|Peak rating||2760 (December 2021)|
|Ranking||No. 20 (June 2023)|
|Peak ranking||No. 12 (December 2019)|
Duda won the Polish Championship in 2018 and the Chess World Cup in 2021. He is a bronze medallist at the European Team Chess Championship in 2021 and he also competed in the Candidates Tournament 2022 finishing seventh. He was awarded the Golden Cross of Merit for his achievements in chess.
In 2007, Duda placed first in the U8 Polish Youth Championship chess tournament.
In 2008, Duda won the World Youth Chess Championship in the under-10 category and as a result he was awarded the title of FIDE Master. The same year, he also won the U8 Polish Youth Championship tournament for the second time.
In 2012, Duda won the Polish under-18 championship in Solina and the European Youth Chess Championship in the under-14 category in Prague. In the same year, he tied for first with Jan Krejčí in the Olomouc Chess Summer tournament and was awarded the title of International Master.
In May 2013, Duda achieved his final norm required for the title of Grandmaster, in the European Individual Championship, at the age of 15 years and 21 days. This made him the second youngest grandmaster in the world at the time. Duda also thus became the second youngest Polish grandmaster ever, after Dariusz Świercz. In April 2013, he came first in the First Saturday GM tournament in Budapest. In August, Duda took part as a FIDE presidential nominee in the FIDE World Cup, where he was eliminated in the first round by Vassily Ivanchuk. In October, FIDE officially awarded him the title of Grandmaster. In August 2014, Duda played for the Polish team at the 41st Chess Olympiad in Tromsø, Norway, scoring 8.5/11 on board three. In December 2014, he won the European Rapid Chess Championship and took silver in the European Blitz Chess Championship, both held in Wrocław, Poland.
In July 2015, Duda won the Lake Sevan round-robin tournament in Martuni, Armenia. In September 2015, he finished equal first with Mikhail Antipov in the World Junior Chess Championship in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia, and received a silver medal after tiebreaks. In 2016, he was awarded by the President of Poland Andrzej Duda (not related) the Silver Cross of Merit for his "great sports achievements in 2016 as well as contributions to popularizing the game of chess".
On 1 July 2017, Duda became the first Polish junior player to break the 2700 barrier in FIDE rating, achieving the highest ranking in his chess career so far. With a rating of 2707, he was the second highest ranked Polish player and 41st in the world at the time.
In May 2018, Duda won the Polish Chess Championship with a score of 6½/9 (+4–0=5), a full point ahead of runner-up Kacper Piorun. He recorded victories over Piorun, Radosław Wojtaszek, Daniel Sadzikowski, and Aleksander Miśta. In July 2018, he became the No. 1 ranked Polish player and the No. 1 ranked junior in the world, outstripping Wojtaszek and Wei Yi, respectively.
In July 2018, Duda competed in the 46th Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting, placing fourth with a score of 4/7 (+2–1=4).
During the 2018 Chess Olympiad held in Batumi, Georgia, he defeated Vassily Ivanchuk and drew against Levon Aronian, Viswanathan Anand, Fabiano Caruana, Shakhriyar Mamedyarov and Sergey Karjakin, claiming fourth place overall with the Polish team. In 2018, Duda reached the semi-finals of the Speed Chess Championship after beating Karjakin and Alexander Grischuk, eventually losing to Wesley So.
In December 2018, Duda finished in second place in the World Blitz Chess Championship in Saint Petersburg, scoring 16½/21 (+15–3=3), half a point behind the winner Magnus Carlsen.
In January 2019, he became the first ever Polish chess player to exceed 2800 barrier in the blitz category. In November 2019, Duda participated in the Hamburg FIDE Grand Prix tournament, which is part of the qualification cycle for the World Chess Championship 2020. The tournament was a 16-player event. On 13 November, Duda reached the finals losing to Alexander Grischuk during the tie-breaks.
In January 2020, Duda participated in 2020 Tata Steel Chess Tournament and finished the tournament in 8th place with a score of 6½/13 (+1-1=11), which is the same score as former Chess World Champion Viswanathan Anand, and Alireza Firouzja.
In May 2020, he achieved his first victory over the reigning Chess World Champion Magnus Carlsen by beating him in Round 7 of the Lindores Abbey Rapid Chess Challenge, with the game entering an English Opening (King's English Variation, Four Knights Variation, Quiet Line).
On 10 October 2020, he again defeated Magnus Carlsen (in a Caro–Kann Defence, Tartakower Variation) at the Altibox Norway Chess tournament held in Stavanger. It was Carlsen's first defeat after a 125-game unbeaten streak in classical chess. At the FIDE Online Chess Olympiad 2020, he won bronze medal after the Polish team reached the semi-finals of the tournament and lost in a match-deciding tie-break 1-2 against India.
At the 2021 European Team Chess Championship, he won bronze medal with the Polish team, which also included Radosław Wojtaszek, Kacper Piorun, Wojciech Moranda and Paweł Teclaf. In July–August 2021, Duda competed in the Chess World Cup 2021. In round five, Duda defeated the Russian GM Alexander Grischuk in the rapid tiebreaker after drawing the classical games. He then knocked out Vidit Gujrathi in the quarterfinals and eliminated the World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen in the tiebreaker of the semifinals to qualify for the 2022 Candidates Tournament. He went on to win the Chess World Cup by beating former World Cup winner Sergey Karjakin in the finals with a score of 1.5-0.5.
In December, he won the European Blitz Chess Championship held in Katowice, Poland. At the 2021 World Rapid Chess Championship held at the National Stadium in Warsaw, Poland, he finished fifth while at the jointly-held 2021 World Blitz Chess Championship he finished second behind only Maxime Vachier-Lagrave. From the perspective of the sum of the scores of these two championships in the same event, he was the player with the highest score: 24 points.
In April 2022, Duda won the Oslo Esports Cup ahead of Magnus Carlsen, Anish Giri, and Shakhriyar Mamedyarov.
In May 2022, he won the Superbet Rapid & Blitz tournament (hosted in Warsaw as part of the 2022 Grand Chess Tour) with a convincing four-point lead ahead of Levon Aronian and Viswanathan Anand.
In July 2022, he finished in the seventh place at the Candidates Tournament 2022.
In October, he won the Aimchess Rapid, his second win of the year as part of Champions Chess Tour, ahead of Shakhriyar Mamedyarov.
Duda graduated from the University School of Physical Education in Kraków in 2020. He enjoys listening to Beethoven, Mozart, and Queen.
- ^ "Jan-Krzysztof Duda odznaczony Złotym Krzyżem Zasługi. "Nikt nie osiąga sukcesu sam"" [Jan-Krzysztof Duda was awarded the Golden Cross of Merit. "Nobody Achieves Success Alone"]. rmf24.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 13 December 2021.
- ^ "Finał Mistrzostw Polski Juniorów do 12 lat, Puchar Polski do lat 10" [The Final of the Polish Junior Championships U12, the Polish Cup U10]. ozszach.pl (in Polish). Opolski Związek Szachowy. 11 March 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
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- ^ "List of titles approved by the 83rd FIDE Congress". FIDE.com. 17 September 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
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- ^ "Exciting round 1 at the Chess World Cup 2013". Chessdom.com. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2014.
- ^ "List of titles approved by the 84th FIDE Congress in Tallinn, Estonia". FIDE.com. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
- ^ "41st Olympiad Tromso 2014 Open - Poland". Chess-Results.com.
- ^ "European Rapid Chess Championship 2014: Jan Krzysztof Duda is the winner". Chessdom.com. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- ^ "European Blitz Chess Championship 2014: David Navara convincing winner". Chessdom.com. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- ^ Sagar Shah (31 July 2015). "Jan Krzysztof Duda wins Lake Sevan 2015". ChessBase.com. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- ^ "Antipov and Buksa are 2015 World Junior Champions". Chessdom.com. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- ^ Sagar Shah (21 September 2015). "Antipov and Buksa are World Junior Champions". ChessBase.com. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- ^ "Jan Krzysztof Duda jest arcymistrzem, ale maturę zdawać musi" [Jan Krzysztof Duda is a grandmaster, but he has to pass his high school diploma]. Dziennik Polski 24 (in Polish). 24 December 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
- ^ "Top lists records. Duda, Jan-Krzysztof (POL) g". FIDE.com. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
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- ^ "Duda wins 1st Polish Championship". Chess24.com.
- ^ "Federation Rankings – Poland". FIDE.com. Archived from the original on 2 July 2018.
- ^ "Standard Top 100 Juniors July 2018". FIDE.com. 1 July 2018.
- ^ 46th Dortmund Sparkassen Chess-Meeting 2018 The Week in Chess
- ^ "PAIRINGS AND RESULTS". FIDE.com. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- ^ "Speed Chess Championship 2018 - Oficjalne informacje" [Speed Chess Championship 2018 - Official information]. Chess.com (in Polish). Retrieved 1 December 2018.
- ^ "King Salman World Blitz Championship 2018 Open". Chess–Results.com. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- ^ "Hamburg FIDE Grand Prix 2019". Chess24.com. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- ^ "Lindores Abbey Rapid Challenge Round 7". Chess24.com. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
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- ^ "Playoff". FIDE.com. Retrieved 14 November 2020.[permanent dead link]
- ^ "The European Team Chess Championship 2021 successfully concluded". Euroteamchess2021.eu. 21 November 2021. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
- ^ "DME w szachach: Polacy z historycznym brązowym medalem". sport.onet.pl (in Polish). 21 November 2021. Archived from the original on 19 December 2021. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
- ^ "FIDE World Cup 6.2: It's Carlsen-Duda in the semis!". Chess 24.com.
- ^ "Round 8 — FIDE World Cup 2021". worldcup-results.fide.com. 5 August 2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
- ^ "Duda Jan-Krzysztof wins European Blitz Chess Championship 2021". Europechess.org. Retrieved 18 December 2021.
- ^ "2021 FIDE World Rapid & Blitz Championship: All The Information". Chess.com. Retrieved 31 December 2021.
- ^ "World Blitz Chess Championship 2021 - Open". Chess-Results.com.
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- ^ https://chess24.com/en/read/news/duda-wins-oslo-esports-cup-as-carlsen-pragg-collapse Duda wins Oslo esports Cup as Carlsen, Pragg Collapse
- ^ "2022 Superbet Rapid & Blitz Poland | Grand Chess Tour".
- ^ "FIDE Candidates Chess Tournament 2022: All The Information". www.chess.com. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
- ^ "Duda Wins Aimchess Rapid 2022 In Tiebreak". chess.com. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
- ^ "Facts about Jan Krzysztof Duda". chessarticle.com.
- ^ "Poznajemy bliżej brązowych medalistów Drużynowych Mistrzostw Świata - cz. VI - Jan Krzysztof Duda" [We get to know the bronze medalists of the World Team Championship - part VI - Jan Krzysztof Duda]. Psychologia i Szachy (in Polish). 12 August 2017.
- Jan-Krzysztof Duda rating card at FIDE
- Jan-Krzysztof Duda player profile at Chess.com
- Jan-Krzysztof Duda player profile and games at Chessgames.com
- Jan Krzysztof Duda chess games at 365Chess.com