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The Cross of Merit (Polish: Krzyż Zasługi) is a Polish civil state decoration established on June 23, 1923, to recognize services to the state.

Cross of Merit
Krzyż Zasługi
Złoty Krzyż Zasługi Rzeczpospolitej Polskiej.svg
Current version of Gold Cross of Merit
Awarded by the President of Poland
Country Poland
TypeMedal awarded in three grades: Golden, Silver, and Bronze
Awarded forExemplary public service or humanitarian work that goes above and beyond the call of duty
StatusCurrently awarded
Claspsdenotes subsequent award
Statistics
EstablishedJune 23, 1923
First awardedNovember 11, 1923
Precedence
Next (higher)Cross of Merit with Swords
Next (lower)Military Cross of Merit with Swords,
Air Force Cross of Merit with Swords,
Navy Cross of Merit with Swords

The Order has three grades:

1. Gold Cross of Merit POL Złoty Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
2. Silver Cross of Merit POL Srebrny Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
3. Bronze Cross of Merit POL Brązowy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg

Contents

HistoryEdit

At the time of its establishment in 1923, the Cross of Merit was the highest civilian award in Poland. It was awarded to citizens who went beyond the call of duty in their work for the country and society as a whole. May be awarded twice in each grade to the same person.

RecipientsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Letter from Ministry of Defence, 11 June 2003
  2. ^ Ungar, Irvin; Berenbaum, Michael; Freudenheim, Tom L.; Kettlewell, James (2017). Arthur Szyk: Soldier in Art. London: D Giles Limited. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-911282-09-9.
  3. ^ iPSB (2014). "Bronisława Rychter-Janowska (1868 - 1953, malarka)". Internetowy Polski Słownik Biograficzny. Narodowy Instytut Audiowizualny. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  4. ^ Edwards, Anna (2012-12-28). "'Visionary pioneer' behind Henri Lloyd brand and who was first to use Velcro in clothing dies aged 87". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2013-01-13.
  5. ^ a b c "Government House (Award to Canadians)". Canada Gazette. Vol. 134, No. 43 — October 21, 2000. from: www.http://publications.gc.ca/gazette/archives/p1/2000/2000-10-21/pdf/g1-13443.pdf
  6. ^ "Government House (Award to Canadians)". Canada Gazette. Vol. 147, No. 8 — February 23, 2013. Retrieved March 6th, 2013 from: http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p1/2013/2013-02-23/html/gh-rg-eng.html
  7. ^ "Government House (Award to Canadians)". Canada Gazette. Vol. 147, No. 4 — January 26, 2013. Retrieved May 3rd, 2013 from: http://www.gazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p1/2013/2013-01-26/html/gh-rg-eng.html#c101
  8. ^ "Dr. Krzysztof Wojciechowski, Direktor des Collegium Polonicum Slubice, mit Verdienstkreuz der Republik Polen ausgezeichnet". OderPost. 21 August 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  9. ^ http://www.sport.pl/celebrities/51,83535,14244838.html?i=3 Archived 2013-12-03 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Grzadka, Marcin (2013-11-12). "Co-founder of, first President, and Chairman of the Young Polish Canadian Professionals Association". YPCPA. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
  11. ^ Grzadka, Marcin (2013-11-12). "Chairman of Quo Vadis 3 - International leadership conference, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada - May 2011. Advisor to 2012 conference in Calgary, Canada & Chicago, USA". QVC. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
  12. ^ "Polish Embassy London (Awarded for Polish-Jewish dialogue)". Retrieved July 15th, 2014 from: http://www.londyn.msz.gov.pl/en/c/MOBILE/news/silver_cross_of_merit__for_filip_slipaczek
  13. ^ a b "Awards at the Consulate General of Poland in New York". Retrieved September 24th, 2014 from: http://www.prezydent.pl/aktualnosci/ordery-i-odznaczenia/art,1369,odznaczenia-w-konsulacie-generalnym-rp-w-nowym-jorku.html Archived 2014-10-15 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ http://amcham.pl/about-us/news
  15. ^ "Jerzy Troszczyński". fototeka.fn.org.pl. National Film Archive. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  16. ^ "Nie żyje Helena Gąsienica Daniel-Lewandowska" [Helena Gąsienica Daniel-Lewandowska is dead]. onet.pl (in Polish). 25 November 2013. Retrieved 9 January 2019.