Jain temples, Abhapur

Jain temples, Abhapur is a group of twelve Jain temples located in Abhapur village near Polo Forest in Sabarkantha district of Gujarat.

Abhapur Jain temples
Polo Monument and Vijaynagar Forest- Jain Temples (cropped).jpg
Abhapur Jain temple
Religion
AffiliationJainism
DeityRishabhanatha, Parshvanatha, Neminatha
FestivalsMahavir Jayanti
Location
LocationAbhapur, Polo Forest, Sabarkantha, Gujarat
Geographic coordinates23°59′18.7″N 73°16′14.1″E / 23.988528°N 73.270583°E / 23.988528; 73.270583Coordinates: 23°59′18.7″N 73°16′14.1″E / 23.988528°N 73.270583°E / 23.988528; 73.270583
Architecture
Date established15th century
Temple(s)12

HistoryEdit

Abhapur Jain temples were constructed in the 15th century.[1] The Jain and Hindu temples in close proximity at Abhapur, Polo and Antarsurbha site suggests the co-existence both Jainism and Hinduism during medieval period.[2]

ArchitectureEdit

Both Jain and Hindu temples are in ruins status and has turned black due to exposure to the sun and rain.[3][4]

The Lakhena Jain temple or Lakhena na Dera is the largest temple in Abhapur. The temple is rich in architecture with exquisite sculptures of apsara. The temple also has a well in the premise.[1] The lower level chamber where idols were concelled in the past.[5] The temple is made of sandstone with well carved ceiling and jalis in the mandapa having various natural and geometric patterns. Only the arch remains where a main dome exited in the past. The temple is two storeyed with gudhamandapa and antarala. The antarala ceiling has a beautiful sculpture. The temple has beautifully executed screens, swan panels, and other carvings and the richly carved pillars have carvings compareable to the Dilwara Temples. The doors in the garbhagriha has carving similar to that of wooden door. The mulnayak of the temple is an image of Jain Tirthankara Parshvanatha with Goddess Padmavati on the sides. The temple is 150 by 70 feet (46 by 21 m) in area. The temple was formerly surrounded by 52 devkulika shrines.[3][4]

Behind the Lakhena na dera is a small temple with exposed ceiling. The temple has a well in the premises.[4]

GalleryEdit

ReferenceEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b Chakraborty 2017.
  2. ^ Mishra & Ray 2016, p. 159.
  3. ^ a b Rajyagor 1974, pp. 90-91.
  4. ^ a b c Trivedi 1961, p. 20.
  5. ^ Desai 2007, pp. 192-193.

SourcesEdit

  • Desai, Anjali H. (2007). India Guide Gujarat. India Guide Publications. ISBN 9780978951702.
  • Mishra, Susan Verma; Ray, Himanshu Prabh (2016). The Archaeology of Sacred Spaces: The temple in western India, 2nd century BCE–8th century CE. Routledge. ISBN 9781317193746.
  • Rajyagor, S. B. (1974). Gujarat State Gazetteers: Sabarkantha. Directorate of Government Print., Stationery and Publications, Gujarat State.
  • Trivedi, R. K. (1961). Census of India (PDF). 14. Gujarat: Census Operations.
  • Chakraborty, Mehk (24 January 2017). "Polo Forest: Waiting to be discovered, explored". Media India Group.

External linksEdit