Jabalpur district

Jabalpur district is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Jabalpur district
Narmada flowing through the Marble Rocks of Bhedaghat
Narmada flowing through the Marble Rocks of Bhedaghat
Location of Jabalpur district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Jabalpur district in Madhya Pradesh
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionJabalpur
HeadquartersJabalpur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesJabalpur
Area
 • Total5,198 km2 (2,007 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,463,289
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy82.47%
 • Sex ratio925 females/1000 males
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitejabalpur.nic.in/en/

The area of the district is 5,198 km²[1] with population of 2,463,289 (2011 census). As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Madhya Pradesh (out of 50), after Indore.[2]

Jabalpur district is located in the Mahakoshal region of Madhya Pradesh, on the divide between the watersheds of Narmada and the Son, but mostly within the valley of the Narmada, which here runs through the famous gorge known as the Marble rocks, and falls 30 ft. over a rocky ledge (the Dhuan Dhar, or misty shoot ). It consists of a long narrow plain running north-east and south-west and shut in on all sides by highlands. This plain, which forms an offshoot from the great valley of the Narmada, is covered in its western and southern portions by a rich alluvial deposit of black cotton soil. At Jabalpur city, the soil is black cotton soil, and water plentiful near the surface. The north and east belong to the basin of the Son River, a tributary of the Ganges and Yamuna, the south and west to the Narmada basin. The district is traversed by the main railway from Mumbai to Kolkata, and by branches of two other lines which meet at Katni junction.

GeographyEdit

The district is part of Jabalpur Division. It has an average elevation of 411 metres (1348 ft).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Jabalpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
28.8
(83.8)
34.3
(93.7)
38.7
(101.7)
40.4
(104.7)
36.2
(97.2)
30.3
(86.5)
28.2
(82.8)
30.9
(87.6)
32.4
(90.3)
29.7
(85.5)
26.9
(80.4)
31.9
(89.5)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.4
(52.5)
16.2
(61.2)
21.2
(70.2)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
22.6
(72.7)
21.9
(71.4)
21.1
(70.0)
18.1
(64.6)
13.9
(57.0)
10.6
(51.1)
17.9
(64.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
1
(0.0)
3
(0.1)
11
(0.4)
136
(5.4)
279
(11.0)
360
(14.2)
185
(7.3)
52
(2.0)
21
(0.8)
7
(0.3)
1,062
(41.8)
Average precipitation days 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.8 8.6 15.9 18.3 8.6 3.1 1.4 0.6 60.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 274.4 288.3 306.0 325.5 210.0 105.4 80.6 180.0 269.7 273.0 282.1 2,883.3
Source: HKO

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901430,810—    
1911472,102+0.92%
1921471,951−0.00%
1931489,583+0.37%
1941576,167+1.64%
1951662,569+1.41%
1961821,579+2.17%
19711,119,885+3.15%
19811,484,235+2.86%
19911,768,037+1.77%
20012,151,203+1.98%
20112,463,289+1.36%
source:[3]

According to the 2011 census Jabalpur district has a population of 2,463,289[2] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[4] or the US state of Nevada.[5] This gives it a ranking of 180th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 472 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,220/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.39%.[2] Jabalpur has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 82.47%. Scheduled Castes and Tribes made up 14.13% and 15.23% of the population respectively.[2]

Religions in Jabalpur district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Hindus
87.65%
Muslims
8.27%
Jains
1.37%
Christians
0.94%
Other religions (tribal)
0.85%
Sikhs
0.54%
Other or not stated
0.38%

Hindus are majority religion in Jabalpur district with 87.65%, Muslims with 8.27% and rest of Jains, Sikhs and Christians.

LanguagesEdit

Languages of Jabalpur district (2011)

  Hindi (94.21%)
  Urdu (1.93%)
  Others (3.86%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 94.21% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 1.93% Urdu as their first language. [7]

The dialect of the region is Baghelkhandi. Other languages spoken in the district by a significant number of people in the district include Marathi, Punjabi, Sindhi and Bengali, almost exclusively in Jabalpur city.

EducationEdit

Jabalpur is an important educational centre of the Madhya Pradesh state. Jabalpur has Rani Durgavati University, Jawahar Lal Nehru Krishi University, Madhya Pradesh Pashu Chikitsa University, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Dharmashastra National Law University Madhya Pradesh Ayurvigyan University and Maharshi Mahesh Yogi Vedic University. Good educational institutes in Jabalpur include Govt. Engineering College, Medical College, Government M.H. College of Home Science and Science, Law Colleges, Post Graduate and under-Graduate Colleges. The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design & Manufacturing (IIITDM) Jabalpur was established in January 2005. Institute would serve as an inter-disciplinary institution for education and research by keeping the concept of Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) in mind.

It has some very reputed and old schools. Some of the schools are more than a century old. Apart from these educational institutions there a number of institutes offering various professional courses in Computers, Fashion Designing, Fine Arts etc.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Jabalpur
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Madhya Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  7. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 23°09′36″N 79°56′24″E / 23.16000°N 79.94000°E / 23.16000; 79.94000