Jílové (until 1945 Jílové u Podmokel; German: Eulau) is a town in Děčín District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,100 inhabitants.

Jílové
View from the south
View from the south
Flag of Jílové
Coat of arms of Jílové
Jílové is located in Czech Republic
Jílové
Jílové
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°45′45″N 14°6′18″E / 50.76250°N 14.10500°E / 50.76250; 14.10500Coordinates: 50°45′45″N 14°6′18″E / 50.76250°N 14.10500°E / 50.76250; 14.10500
Country Czech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
DistrictDěčín
First mentioned1348
Government
 • MayorMiroslav Kalvas
Area
 • Total36.56 km2 (14.12 sq mi)
Elevation
276 m (906 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total5,062
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
405 02, 407 01, 407 02
Websitewww.mujilove.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Kamenec, Kamenná, Martiněves, Modrá and Sněžník are administrative parts of Jílové.

GeographyEdit

Jílové lies about 8 kilometres (5 mi) west of Děčín. It is situated within the Bohemian Switzerland range of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains in the valley of the Jílovský creek, a left tributary of the Elbe River. The town is located at the foot of the Děčínský Sněžník mountain, which is the highest peak of the municipal territory with 723 metres (2,372 ft) above sea level.

HistoryEdit

 
Jílové Castle

Jílové was probably founded as a settlement on an ancient trade route from Bohemia to Lusatia. The nearby Lotarův vrch mountain may already had been the site of the 1126 Battle of Chlumec between Duke Soběslav I of Bohemia and King Lothair III of Germany, whose exact location is unknown. The first written mention of Jílové (under the name Eulow) is from 1384 in a deed issued by Emperor Charles IV.[2]

A local water castle, erected in the 14th century, was documented in 1554, when it was held by the Lords of Lípa.[2] After the 1620 Battle of White Mountain, the estates were seized by Emperor Ferdinand II and in 1629 granted to the Counts of Thun und Hohenstein residing at Děčín. The Thun-Hohenstein dynasty had the castle rebuilt with extended gardens.

Large parts of the settlement were devastated during the 1813 Battle of Kulm. After World War II, the German population was expelled and the Thun-Hohenstein properties were confiscated by the Czechoslovak Republic. Jílové was promoted to a town in 1964.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18694,002—    
18804,120+2.9%
18904,535+10.1%
19004,590+1.2%
19104,947+7.8%
YearPop.±%
19214,570−7.6%
19305,558+21.6%
19503,935−29.2%
19614,036+2.6%
19703,803−5.8%
YearPop.±%
19804,920+29.4%
19915,195+5.6%
20015,259+1.2%
20114,941−6.0%
20214,935−0.1%
Source: Censuses[3][4]

SightsEdit

 
Děčínský Sněžník observation tower

The main landmark is the Jílové Castle. It was rebuilt in the second half of the 17th century on a Renaissance chateau, and the romantic-style park with a Neoclassical pavilion was established two centuries later. Nowadays the castle serves cultural and social purposes and houses a library.[2]

The Baroque Church of the Holy Trinity was built in 1682 and rebuilt in 1859 after it was damaged by a fire.[2]

Děčínský Sněžník is known for its observation tower. It is a 33 metres (108 ft) high stone tower built in 1864, one of the oldest observation towers in Bohemia.[5] The chapel on Děčínský Sněžník was built in 1909.[2]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Jílové is twinned with:[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Historie" (in Czech). Město Jílové. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Děčín" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 7–8.
  4. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  5. ^ "Historie" (in Czech). Děčínský snežník. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
  6. ^ "Statistik" (in German). Rosenthal-Bielatal. Retrieved 2021-07-15.

External linksEdit