Děčín District

Děčín District (Czech: okres Děčín) is a district in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. Its capital is the city of Děčín.

Děčín District
Okres Děčín
Location in the Ústí nad Labem Region within the Czech Republic
Location in the Ústí nad Labem Region within the Czech Republic
Location of Děčín District
Coordinates: 50°51′N 14°23′E / 50.850°N 14.383°E / 50.850; 14.383Coordinates: 50°51′N 14°23′E / 50.850°N 14.383°E / 50.850; 14.383
Country Czech Republic
RegionÚstí nad Labem
CapitalDěčín
Area
 • Total908.80 km2 (350.89 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[2]
 • Total126,294
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Municipalities52
* Cities and towns14
* Market towns0

Administrative divisionEdit

Děčín District is divided into three administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence: Děčín, Rumburk and Varnsdorf.

List of municipalitiesEdit

Cities and towns are marked in bold:

Arnoltice - Benešov nad Ploučnicí - Bynovec - Česká Kamenice - Děčín - Dobkovice - Dobrná - Dolní Habartice - Dolní Podluží - Dolní Poustevna - Doubice - Františkov nad Ploučnicí - Heřmanov - Horní Habartice - Horní Podluží - Hřensko - Huntířov - Chřibská - Janov - Janská - Jetřichovice - Jílové - Jiřetín pod Jedlovou - Jiříkov - Kámen - Krásná Lípa - Kunratice - Kytlice - Labská Stráň - Lipová - Lobendava - Ludvíkovice - Malá Veleň - Malšovice - Markvartice - Merboltice - Mikulášovice - Rumburk - Růžová - Rybniště - Srbská Kamenice - Staré Křečany - Starý Šachov - Šluknov - Těchlovice - Valkeřice - Varnsdorf - Velká Bukovina - Velký Šenov - Verneřice - Veselé - Vilémov

GeographyEdit

 
Confluence of the Elbe and Ploučnice in Děčín

Děčín District borders Germany in the north. It includes the Šluknov Hook area, surrounded by Germany on three sides. The district is a hilly and above-average forested area with several valleys and canyons. The territory extends into four geomorphological mesoregions: Elbe Sandstone Mountains (northwest), Central Bohemian Uplands (south), Lusatian Mountains (east) and Lusatian Highlands (north). The highest point of the district is the mountain Pěnkavčí vrch in Dolní Podluží with an elevation of 792 m (2,598 ft), located on the district border. The lowest point, which is also the lowest point of the entire Czech Republic, is the river basin of the Elbe in Hřensko at 115 m (377 ft).

The territory is rich in rivers. The most important river is the Elbe, which flows through the west of the territory and continues to Germany. Its most important tributary is the Ploučnice. Other notable rivers are the Kamenice, Křinice, Sebnice, and Mandava. The Spree shortly forms the Czech-German border.

There are few bodies of water in the district. The largest of them is Velký Pond with an area of 36 ha (89 acres).[3]

Most of the Děčín District is protected within some of large-scale protected areas. The most significant is Bohemian Switzerland National Park with many famous natural monuments. The protected landscape areas of České Středohoří, Labské pískovce and Lužické hory also extend into the district.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1869174,262—    
1880186,961+7.3%
1890197,309+5.5%
1900213,629+8.3%
1910233,066+9.1%
YearPop.±%
1921213,164−8.5%
1930231,859+8.8%
1950131,279−43.4%
1961131,956+0.5%
1970132,429+0.4%
YearPop.±%
1980138,093+4.3%
1991133,448−3.4%
2001133,887+0.3%
2011128,834−3.8%
2021124,026−3.7%
Source: Censuses[4][5]

Most populated municipalitiesEdit

Name Population[2] Area (km2)
Děčín 47,029 118
Varnsdorf 14,738 26
Rumburk 10,679 25
Šluknov 5,721 47
Jílové 5,062 37
Česká Kamenice 5,028 39
Benešov nad Ploučnicí 3,573 10
Jiříkov 3,490 13
Krásná Lípa 3,405 31
Mikulášovice 2,076 26

EconomyEdit

The largest employers with its headquarters in Děčín District and at least 500 employers are:[6]

Economic entity Location Number of employees Activity
ČEZ Distribuce Děčín 4,000–4,999 Distribution of electricity
Chart Ferox Děčín 500–999 Manufacture of gas storage systems
City of Děčín Děčín 500–999 Public administration
Constellium Extrusions Děčín Děčín 500–999 Manufacture of aluminium products
Lukram Horní Podluží 500–999 Manufacture of electrical equipment
DS Smith Packaging Czech Republic Jílové 500–999 Manufacture of paper packaging
Benteler Automotive Rumburk Rumburk 500–999 Automotive industry

TransportEdit

There are no motorways in the district territory. The most important road that passess through the district is the I/13 from Liberec to Karlovy Vary.

Děčín District is an important junction. An important railway line from Prague to Dresden runs through it. The Elbe is used for ship transport.

SightsEdit

 
Benešov nad Ploučnicí Castle

The most important monument in the district and the only one protected as a national cultural monument is Benešov nad Ploučnicí Castle.[7]

The best-preserved settlements and localities, protected as monument reservations and monument zones, are:[8]

The most visited tourist destinations are the Děčín Zoo and places in Bohemian Switzerland, which are also among the most visited nature tourist destinations in the entire country: Kamenice Gorge, Pravčická brána, and Jetřichovice Rocks.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Small Lexicon of Municipalities of the Czech Republic – 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-12-15.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  3. ^ "Přírodní rezervace Velký rybník u Krásné Lípy" (in Czech). CzechTourism. Retrieved 2023-01-24.
  4. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Děčín" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
  5. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  6. ^ "Registr ekonomických subjektů". Business Register (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2023-01-24.
  7. ^ "Výsledky vyhledávání: Národní kulturní památky, okres Děčín". Ústřední seznam kulturních památek (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-01-24.
  8. ^ "Výsledky vyhledávání: Památkové rezervace, Památkové zóny, okres Děčín". Ústřední seznam kulturních památek (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-01-24.
  9. ^ "Turisté mají v České republice nejraději zoologické zahrady, technické památky, koupání a Pražský hrad" (in Czech). CzechTourism. 2022-06-24. Retrieved 2023-01-24.

External linksEdit