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International Amateur Radio Union

The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) is an international confederation of national amateur radio organisations that allows a forum for common matters of concern and collectively represents matters to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Following an informal meeting in 1924 of representatives from France, Great Britain, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Luxembourg, Canada, and the United States, a plan was formulated to hold an International Amateur Congress in Paris, France in April 1925. This Congress was held for the purpose of founding an international amateur radio organization.[5] The Congress was attended by representatives of 23 countries in Europe, Americas, and Asia. A constitution for the IARU was adopted on April 17, and the formation of the International Amateur Radio Union was ratified on April 18, 1925.[6] In the current era, this is the date (April 18) on which the Amateur Radio Day is celebrated.[7] The protocol of the congress was written in English, French and Esperanto.[8] As of November 2019, the International Amateur Radio Union is composed of 172 national member societies.[2]

International Amateur Radio Union
Iaru logo.png
AbbreviationIARU
Motto"Representing the Interests of Two-Way Amateur Radio Communication"[1]
Formation1925[1]
TypeINGO
PurposeAdvocacy
HeadquartersNewington, Connecticut, USA
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
172 national member societies[2]
Official language
English[3]
President
Tim Ellam, VE6SH[1]
Main organ
Administrative Council[4]
Websitewww.iaru.org

GovernanceEdit

The IARU has an elected President and Vice President, an appointed Secretary and other officials (including regional representatives) forming an Administrative Council. These office holders are presently Timothy Ellam (Canada), President; Ole Garpestad (Norway), Vice-President and Rod Stafford (USA), Secretary.[4] The IARU International Secretariat (IARUIS) is operated by a member society after election by members. Currently, the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) operates the IARUIS from its headquarters in Newington, Connecticut, USA.[9]

Regional organisationEdit

 
Countries with IARU Member Societies.
  Region 1
  Region 2
  Region 3

The IARU is organised into three regions, named Region 1, Region 2, and Region 3. These regions correspond to the regulatory regions used by the International Telecommunication Union. Each region has an Executive Committee, typically composed of a President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, and several Directors. These regional officers are elected by representatives from the member societies at triennial regional conferences. Coordinators may be appointed by the Executive Committee of their region to support particular areas within the region, or to promote certain amateur radio activities within the region. All three regions have appointed Coordinators for Amateur Radio Direction Finding, emergency communications, monitoring for electromagnetic interference, and radio propagation.

IARU Region 1Edit

IARU Region 1 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and northern Asia. IARU Region 1 has the largest number of member societies—one hundred one—among the three IARU regions, and has been the source of several international initiatives. IARU Region 1 lobbying efforts led to the creation of the 30 meter, 17 meter, and 12 meter amateur radio bands, improving the standardization of reciprocal licensing, and promoting Amateur Radio Direction Finding.[10]

Country Member Society Abbreviation
and website (if available)
  Albania Albanian Amateur Radio Association AARA
  Algeria Amateurs Radio Algeriens ARA
  Andorra Unió de Radioaficionats Andorrans URA
  Armenia Federation of Radiosport of the Republic of Armenia FRRA
  Austria Österreichischer Versuchssenderverband OEVSV
  Azerbaijan Federation of Radiosport of the Republic of Azerbaijan FRS
  Bahrain Amateur Radio Association of Bahrain (suspended) ARAB
  Belarus Belarusian Federation of Radioamateurs and Radiosportsmen BFRR
  Belgium Royal Belgian Amateur Radio Union UBA
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Asocijacija Radioamatera u Bosne i Hercegovine ARABH
  Botswana Botswana Amateur Radio Society BARS
  Bulgaria Bulgarian Federation of Radio Amateurs BFRA
  Burkina Faso Association des Radioamateurs du Burkina Faso ARBF
  Burundi Association Burundaise des Amateurs Radio et Television ABART
  Cameroon Association des Radio Amateurs du Cameroun ARTJ
  Ivory Coast Association Des Radio Amateurs Ivoiriens ARAI
  Croatia Hrvatski Radioamaterski Savez HRS
  Cyprus Cyprus Amateur Radio Society CARS
  Czech Republic Český Radioklub CRK
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Association des Radio Amateurs du Congo ARAC
  Denmark Experimenterende Danske Radioamatører EDR
  Djibouti Association des Radioamateurs de Djibouti ARAD
  Egypt Egyptian Radio Amateurs Society for Development ERASD
  Estonia Eesti Raadioamatööride Ühing ERAU
  Ethiopia Ethiopian Amateur Radio Society EARS
  Faroe Islands Føroyskir Radioamatørar FRA
  Finland Suomen Radioamatööriliitto SRAL
  France Réseau des Émetteurs Français REF
  Gabon Association Gabonaise des Radio-Amateurs AGRA
  Gambia Radio Society of The Gambia RSTG
  Georgia National Association Radioamateurs of Georgia NARG
  Germany Deutscher Amateur-Radio-Club DARC
  Ghana Ghana Amateur Radio Society GARS
  Gibraltar Gibraltar Amateur Radio Society GARS
  Greece Radio Amateur Association of Greece RAAG
  Guinea Association des Radioamateurs de Guinea ARGUI
  Hungary Magyar Rádióamatõr Szövetség MRASZ
  Iceland Íslenskir Radíóamatörar IRA
  Iraq Iraqi Amateur Radio Society IARS
  Ireland Irish Radio Transmitters Society IRTS
  Israel Israel Amateur Radio Club IARC
  Italy Associazione Radioamatori Italiani ARI
  Jordan Royal Jordanian Radio Amateur Society RJRAS
  Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Federation of Radiosport and Radio Amateur KFRR
  Kenya Amateur Radio Society of Kenya ARSK
  Kosovo Shoqata e Radio Amatoreve te Kosoves SHRAK
  Kuwait Kuwait Amateur Radio Society KARS
  Latvia Latvijas Radio Amatieru Līga LRAL
  Lebanon Radio Amateurs of Lebanon RAL
  Lesotho Lesotho Amateur Radio Society LARS
  Liberia Liberia Radio Amateur Association LRAA
  Liechtenstein Amateurfunk Verein Liechtenstein AFVL
  Lithuania Lietuvos Radijo Mėgėjų Draugija LRMD
  Luxembourg Luxembourg Amateur Radio Society RL
  Mali Club des Radioamateurs et Affilies du Mali CRAM
  Malta Malta Amateur Radio League MARL
  Mauritius Mauritius Amateur Radio Society MARS
  Moldova Asociația Radioamatorilor din Moldova ARM
  Monaco Association des Radio-Amateurs de Monaco ARM
  Mongolia Mongolian Radio Sport Federation MRSF
  Montenegro Montenegrin Amateur Radio Pool MARP
  Morocco Association Royale des Radio Amateurs du Maroc ARRAM
  Mozambique Liga dos Rádio Emissores de Moçambique LREM
  Namibia Namibian Amateur Radio League NARL
  Netherlands Vereniging voor Experimenteel Radio Onderzoek Nederland VERON
  Nigeria Nigeria Amateur Radio Society NARS
  North Macedonia Radioamaterski Sojuz na Makedonija RSM
  Norway Norsk Radio Relæ Liga NRRL
  Oman Royal Omani Amateur Radio Society ROARS
  Poland Polski Związek Krótkofalowców PZK
  Portugal Rede dos Emissores Portugueses REP
  Qatar Qatar Amateur Radio Society QARS
  Republic of the Congo Union des Radioamateurs du Congo URAC
  Romania Federaţia Română de Radioamatorism FRR
  Rwanda Rwanda Amateur Radio Union RARU
  Russia Russian Amateur Radio Union SRR
  San Marino Associazione Radioamatori della Repubblica di San Marino ARRSM
  Saudi Arabia Saudi Amateur Radio Society SARS
  Senegal Association des Radio-Amateurs du Senegal ARAS
  Serbia Savez Radio-Amatera Srbije SRS
  Seychelles Seychelles Amateur Radio Association SARA
  Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Amateur Radio Society SLARS
  Slovakia Slovenský Zväz Rádioamatérov SZR
  Slovenia Zveza Radioamaterjev Slovenije ZRS
  South Africa South African Radio League SARL
  Spain Unión de Radioaficionados Españoles URE
  Eswatini Radio Society of Swaziland RSS
  Sweden Swedish Society of Radio Amateurs SSA
   Switzerland Union of Swiss Short Wave Amateurs USKA
  Syria Syrian Scientific Technical Amateur Radio Society SSTARS
  Tajikistan Tajik Amateur Radio League TARL
  Tanzania Tanzania Amateur Radio Club TARC
  Tunisia Association des Radio Amateurs Tunisiens ARAT
  Turkey Telsiz ve Radyo Amatörleri Cemiyeti TRAC
  Turkmenistan Liga Radiolyubiteley Turkmenistana LRT
  Uganda Uganda Amateur Radio Society UARS
  Ukraine Ukrainian Amateur Radio League UARL
  United Arab Emirates Emirates Amateur Radio Society EARS
  United Kingdom Radio Society of Great Britain RSGB
  Yemen No representation—ham radio prohibited
  Zambia Radio Society of Zambia RSZ
  Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Amateur Radio Society ZARS

IARU Region 2Edit

IARU Region 2 includes the member societies representing amateur radio operators in the Americas, of which there are currently forty-two. The organization of IARU Region 2 was founded in 1964 when representatives from 15 national radio societies attended the First Panamerican Radio Amateur Congress in Mexico City, Mexico. Antonio Pita, XE1CCP was the region's first elected President.[11]

Country Member society Abbreviation
and website (if available)
  Anguilla Anguilla Amateur Radio Society AARS
  Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Amateur Radio Society ABARS
  Argentina Radio Club Argentino RCA
  Aruba Aruba Amateur Radio Club AARC
  Bahamas Bahamas Amateur Radio Society BARS
  Barbados Amateur Radio Society of Barbados ARSB
  Belize Belize Amateur Radio Club BARC
  Bermuda Radio Society of Bermuda RSB
  Bolivia Radio Club Boliviano RCB
  Brazil Liga de Amadores Brasileiros de Rádio Emissão LABRE
  British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands Radio League BVIRL
  Canada Radio Amateurs of Canada RAC
  Cayman Islands Cayman Amateur Radio Society CARS
  Chile Radio Club de Chile RCCH
  Colombia Liga Colombiana de Radioaficionados LCRA
  Costa Rica Radio Club de Costa Rica RCCR
  Cuba Federacion de Radioaficionados de Cuba FRC
  Curaçao Vereniging voor Experimenteel Radio Onderzoek in de Nederlandse Antillen VERONA
  Dominica Dominica Amateur Radio Club DARCI
  Dominican Republic Radio Club Dominicano RCD
  Ecuador Guayaquil Radio Club GRC
  El Salvador Club de Radio Aficionados de El Salvador CRAS
  Grenada Grenada Amateur Radio Club GARC
  Guatemala Club de Radioaficionados de Guatemala CRAG
  Guyana Guyana Amateur Radio Association (suspended) GARA
  Haiti Radio Club d'Haïti RCH
  Honduras Radio Club de Honduras RCH
  Jamaica Jamaica Amateur Radio Association JARA
  Mexico Federacion Mexicana de Radio Experimentadores FMRE
  Montserrat Montserrat Amateur Radio Society MARS
  Nicaragua Club de Radioexperimentadores de Nicaragua CREN
  Panama Liga Panameña de Radioaficionados LPRA
  Paraguay Radio Club Paraguayo RCP
  Peru Radio Club Peruano RCP
  Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla Amateur Radio Society SKNAARS
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent & the Grenadines Amateur Radio Club SVGARC
  Suriname Vereniging van Radio Amateurs in Suriname (suspended) VRAS
  Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Amateur Radio Society TTARS
  Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Amateur Radio Society TACARS
  United States American Radio Relay League (IARU International Secretariat) ARRL
  Uruguay Radio Club Uruguayo RCU
  Venezuela Radio Club Venezolano RCV

IARU Region 3Edit

IARU Region 3 includes twenty-nine member societies representing amateur radio operators in Australia, most of Asia, and the Pacific Islands. Although most of their membership is located in other IARU regions, the American Radio Relay League and the Radio Society of Great Britain are full member societies of IARU Region 3. The ARRL represents amateur radio operators in American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Marianas, and other dependent territories in the Pacific Ocean. The RSGB represents amateur radio operators in the British Indian Ocean Territory. IARU Region 3 has a special emphasis on promoting the harmonization of license qualifications in an effort to promote easier reciprocal operations by amateur radio operators in the region.[12]

Country Member society Abbreviation
and website (if available)
  Australia Wireless Institute of Australia WIA
  Bangladesh Bangladesh Amateur Radio League BARL
  Brunei Brunei Darussalam Amateur Radio Association BDARA
  China Chinese Radio Amateurs Club CRAC
  Republic of China Chinese Taipei Amateur Radio League CTARL
  Fiji Fiji Association of Radio Amateurs FARA
  French Polynesia Club Oceanien de Radio et d'Astronomie CORA
  Hong Kong Hong Kong Amateur Radio Transmitting Society HARTS
  India Amateur Radio Society of India ARSI
  Indonesia Organisasi Amatir Radio Indonesia ORARI
  Japan Japan Amateur Radio League JARL
  Macau Associação dos Radioamadores de Macau ARM
  Malaysia Malaysian Amateur Radio Transmitters' Society MARTS
  Myanmar Burma Amateur Radio Transmitting Society (suspended) BARTS
  New Caledonia Association des Radio-Amateurs de Nouvelle-Calédonie ARANC
  New Zealand New Zealand Association of Radio Transmitters NZART
  North Korea No representation—ham radio prohibited
  Pakistan Pakistan Amateur Radio Society PARS
  Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Amateur Radio Society (suspended) PNGARS
  Philippines Philippine Amateur Radio Association PARA
  Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Island Amateur Radio Association PIARA
  Samoa Samoa Amateur Radio Club SARC
  Singapore Singapore Amateur Radio Transmitting Society SARTS
  Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Radio Society SIRS
  South Korea Korean Amateur Radio League KARL
  Sri Lanka Radio Society of Sri Lanka RSSL
  Thailand Radio Amateur Society of Thailand RAST
  Tonga Amateur Radio Club of Tonga ARCOT
  Vanuatu Vanuatu Amateur Radio Society VARS
  Vietnam Vietnam Amateur Radio Club VARC

GAREC - Global Amateur Radio Emergency Communications ConferencesEdit

The Global Amateur Radio Emergency Communications Conference or "GAREC" is a yearly conference held by the International Amateur Radio Union for discussion of amateur radio operation during natural disasters and other emergencies with the motto, "Saving lives through emergency communications".[13] GAREC was first held in Tampere, Finland in 2005, coinciding with the adoption of the Tampere Convention, a globally binding emergency communications treaty that had been signed in Tampere in 1998.[14] In later conferences, the venue has attempted to rotate in sequence through ITU Regions 1, 2 and 3 (though not necessarily in that particular order).

RadiosportEdit

The IARU organises and promotes radiosport activities throughout the world. The IARU promulgates the rules used for high-speed telegraphy and sponsors regional and world championships. The IARU also promulgates the rules used by most competitions in amateur radio direction finding, including IARU-sponsored regional and world championships. The IARU also sponsors the annual IARU HF World Championship in amateur radio contesting. The IARU does not directly administer any of these radiosport events, but authorises and sponsors them through host organisations.[15]

Operating Station and the WAC AwardEdit

The IARU maintains a radio station at its headquarters in Newington, Connecticut. Its callsign is NU1AW. As an amateur radio station licensed by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission the "1" stands for its location in the New England area. "NU" was taken from the pre-1928 era when amateurs made up their own prefixes, and informally used these letters to show they were in "North America—USA". The "AW" suffix represents the connection with the American Radio Relay League, whose own station is W1AW. NU1AW is frequently active during amateur radio contests.[16]

For many years the IARU has issued the Worked All Continents certificate to amateurs who contact fellow hams in the six permanently populated continental areas of the world. Special awards and endorsements for various bands and modes are also available.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c International Amateur Radio Union (2007). "The International Amateur Radio Union". Oct. 22, 2007.
  2. ^ a b International Amateur Radio Union (2019). "Member Societies". Nov. 6, 2019.
  3. ^ IARU Constitution Archived 2008-02-20 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b International Amateur Radio Union (2005). "Constitution of the International Amateur Radio Union" Archived 2008-02-20 at the Wayback Machine. Jan. 11, 2005.
  5. ^ Clinton B. DeSoto (1936). 200 meters & Down — The Story of Amateur Radio. W. Hartford, CT: The American Radio Relay League. pp. 106–109. ISBN 0-87259-001-1.
  6. ^ Sumner, David (2000). "IARU 75th Anniversary, 18 April 2000" Archived 14 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. The Calendar, International Amateur Radio Union, No. 180, March 15, 2000.
  7. ^ "Amateur Radio Day". webhamradio.
  8. ^ editeur Etienne Chiron 40 rue de Seine Paris 1925
  9. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (2005). "The IARU International Secretariat". January 11, 2005.
  10. ^ International Amateur Radio Union Region 1 (2008). "About IARU and IARU Region 1" Archived 2008-09-16 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
  11. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (2008). "IARU-R2 History". Retrieved Aug. 5, 2008.
  12. ^ International Amateur Radio Union Region 3 (2008). "Directory" Archived 2013-04-15 at Archive.today. Retrieved Aug. 5, 2008.
  13. ^ http://www.iaru.org/garecnet/
  14. ^ The Tampere Convention on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2008-05-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link). Accessed 13 August 2007.
  15. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (2007). "IARU Contests". Jul. 23, 2007. Archived January 3, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ International Amateur Radio Union (1996). NU1AW: IARU's Club Station Archived 2009-02-06 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved November 30, 2008.

External linksEdit