The Indian 100-rupee banknote (100) is a denomination of the Indian rupee. It has been in continuous production since Reserve Bank of India took over the functions of the controller of currency in India in 1935. The present 100 banknote in circulation is a part of the Mahatma Gandhi New Series (which replaced the Mahatma Gandhi Series of 100 in 2018).

One hundred rupees
Value100 (approx. $1.25)
Width142 mm
Height66 mm
Security featuresSecurity thread, latent image, micro-lettering, intaglio print, fluorescent ink, optically variable ink, watermark, and see through registration device.[1]
Years of printingJuly 2018 – present
DesignMahatma Gandhi
DesignerReserve Bank of India
Design date2018
DesignRani ki vav
DesignerReserve Bank of India
Design date2018

History edit

100-rupee banknote, signed by RBI governor S. Venkitaramanan.

The first 100-rupee note featured the portrait of George VI. After independence in 1947, Reserve Bank of India continued to issue the notes by replacing the portrait of George VI with the Emblem of India, as a part of the Lion Capital Series of banknotes.[2]

Mahatma Gandhi Series edit

Design edit

The 100 banknote of the Mahatma Gandhi Series is 157 × 73 mm blue-green coloured, with the obverse side featuring a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi with a signature of the governor of Reserve Bank of India.

As of 2012, the new sign has been incorporated into banknote of 100.[3] In January 2014 RBI announced that it would be withdrawing from circulation all banknotes printed prior to 2005 by 31 March 2014. The deadline was later extended to 1 January 2015, and then again to 30 June 2016.[4]

Mahatma Gandhi New Series edit

On 10 November 2016, the Reserve Bank of India announced a new redesigned 100 banknote to be available as a part of the Mahatma Gandhi New Series. On 19 July 2018, the Reserve Bank of India unveiled the revised design of 100 banknote.[5]

Design edit

The new bank note has a base color of Lavender with motif of Rani ki vav (Queen's stepwell) on the reverse side. Rani ki vav is located in Patan, Patan district, Gujarat, India. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Dimensions of the bank note are measured at 142 mm × 66 mm.

Security features edit

The security features of the 100 banknote includes:[6]

  • A windowed security thread that reads 'भारत' (Bharat in the Devanagari script) and 'RBI' alternately.
  • Latent image of the value of the banknote on the vertical band next to the right hand side of Mahatma Gandhi's portrait.
  • Watermark of Mahatma Gandhi that is a mirror image of the main portrait.
  • The number panel of the banknote is printed in embedded fluorescent fibers and optically variable ink.
  • Since 2005 additional security features like machine-readable security thread, electrotype watermark, and year of print appears on the bank note.

Languages edit

As like the other Indian rupee banknotes, the 100 banknote has its amount written in 17 languages. On the obverse, the denomination is written in English and Hindi. On the reverse is a language panel which displays the denomination of the note in 15 of the 22 official languages of India. The languages are displayed in alphabetical order. Languages included on the panel are Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

Denominations in central level official languages (At below either ends)
Language 100
English One Hundred rupees
Hindi एक सौ रुपये
Denominations in 15 state level/other official languages (As seen on the language panel)
Assamese এশ টকা
Bengali একশ টাকা
Gujarati એક સો રૂપિયા
Kannada ಒಂದು ನೂರು ರುಪಾಯಿಗಳು
Kashmiri ہَتھ رۄپیہِ
Konkani शंबर रुपया
Malayalam നൂറു രൂപ
Marathi शंभर रुपये
Nepali एक सय रुपियाँ
Odia ଏକ ଶହ ଟଙ୍କା
Punjabi ਇਕ ਸੌ ਰੁਪਏ
Sanskrit शतं रूप्यकाणि
Tamil நூறு ரூபாய்
Telugu నూరు రూపాయలు
Urdu سو روپیے

References edit

  1. ^ "Are there any special features in the banknotes of Mahatma Gandhi series- 1996?". Your Guide to Money Matters. Reserve Bank of India. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  2. ^ "India Paper Money A Retrospect". Republic India Issues. Reserve Bank of India. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  3. ^ "Issue of ₹100 Banknotes with incorporation of Rupee symbol". RBI. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  4. ^ "Withdrawal of Currencies Issued Prior to 2005". Press Information Bureau. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  5. ^ "RBI to Issue New Design ₹ 100 Denomination Banknote". Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  6. ^ RBI - 100 security features