The Honda CR-V is a compact crossover SUV manufactured by Honda since 1995 and introduced in the North American market in 1997. It uses the Honda Civic platform with an SUV body design. The CR-V is Honda's mid-range utility vehicle, slotting between the smaller Honda HR-V and the larger Honda Pilot. Honda states "CR-V” stands for "Comfortable Runabout Vehicle" while the term "Compact Recreational Vehicle" is used in a British car review article that was republished by Honda.
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Compact crossover SUV|
|Body style||5-door SUV|
|Layout||front engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive|
Honda began producing the CR-V in Sayama, Japan, and Swindon, UK, for worldwide markets, adding North American manufacturing sites in East Liberty, Ohio, in 2007; El Salto, Jalisco, Mexico, in late 2007 (ended in early 2017); Alliston, Ontario, Canada, in 2012; and Greensburg, Indiana in February 2017. The CR-V is also produced in Wuhan (Hubei province) for the Chinese market by the Dongfeng Honda Automobile Company, a joint venture with Dongfeng Motor Corporation.
First generation (1995–2001)Edit
|First generation (RD1–RD3)|
|Assembly||Swindon, United Kingdom (HUKM)|
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines (Honda Santa Rosa, Laguna Plant)
Ayutthaya, Thailand (Honda Ayutthaya Plant)
Karawang, Indonesia (Honda Karawang Plant)
|Designer||Hiroyuki Kawase (1993)|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Honda Civic (sixth generation)|
|Transmission||5-speed SBXM AWD Manual|
5-speed SKH FWD Manual
MDMA 4-speed automatic
MDLA 4-speed automatic
|Wheelbase||2,620 mm (103 in)|
2,625.1 mm (103.35 in) (post-facelift)
|Length||4,510 mm (178 in)|
|Width||1,780 mm (70 in)|
|Height||1,678 mm (66.1 in)1995–1998 (2WD version)|
1,700 mm (67 in) 1995–1998(4WD LX)
1,725 mm (67.9 in) 1995–1998 (2WD EX 126 BHP)
1,745 mm (68.7 in) 1999–2001 (2WD EX 146 BHP 2.0 Engine)
1,755 mm (69.1 in) 1999–2001 (4WD EX 146 BHP 2.0 Engine)
1,770 mm (70 in) 1999–2001 (4WD EX-L With Navigation)
The CR-V (Chassis Code RD1-RD3) was Honda's first in-house designed sport utility vehicle by Hiroyuki Kawase. The CR-V was introduced in Japan at Honda Verno dealerships only and was regarded as a luxury vehicle in Japan due to the exterior width dimensions exceeding Japanese Government dimension regulations. For North American market, it was displayed at the 1996 Chicago Auto Show and went on sale in February 1997.
Upon introduction, the model had only one trim level, which would later be known as the LX model trim; it was powered by the 2.0 L straight-four B20B producing 126 hp (94 kW) at 5400 rpm and 133 lb⋅ft (180 N⋅m) of torque at 4800 rpm. Outer dimensions for this engine would be identical to the Integra's 1.8 L engine, but internally the engine had a larger 84 mm (3.3 in) bore to add the extra displacement needed to produce more torque. The engine used a one-piece cylinder sleeve construction unique from any other B-series engine. The chassis was a unibody design with a four-wheel double wishbone suspension. Inside, the rear seats were able to fold down, and a picnic table was stowed in the rear floor area. All models featured plastic cladding covering the front bumper, rear bumper, and fender wells. In most countries, CR-Vs had a chrome grille; however, in the United States, the grille was made out of the same black plastic as the bumpers. The EX included anti-lock brakes and 15 inch alloy wheels over the LX trim. Drivetrain options were front-wheel drive or Honda's Real Time AWD.
The engine was changed to the 2.0 L B20Z engine, producing 147 hp (110 kW) at 6200 rpm and 133 lb⋅ft (180 N⋅m) of torque at 4500 rpm. This improved performance for the 3,200 lb (1,500 kg) vehicle. Fuel economy of 23 mpg‑US (10 L/100 km; 28 mpg‑imp) city/28 mpg‑US (8.4 L/100 km; 34 mpg‑imp) highway (US) and price were not affected by the increase in power, which was the result of a higher compression ratio (9.6:1 compared to the B20B's 8.8:1), a new intake manifold, and slightly higher lift on the intake valves.
The 1997–2001 model tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) was the LX model with standard driver and passenger airbags. Even though the car's structure received an acceptable rating, the overall car received a marginal rating as the dummy's left leg would have been broken. In addition to this lower body injury, the dummy's head went through the airbag which may have caused a minor concussion. The chest was well protected.
Models equipped with an automatic transmission now had an overdrive cancel button that allowed the driver to lock the transmission in the first three gears to provide power for passing and climbing grades. The pattern of the cloth on the seats was also redesigned, and the head restraints earned an acceptable rating from the IIHS for whiplash protection.
The 1999 European, Australian, and Asian CR-V models featured more drastic changes. Exterior alterations included a new front bumper, smoothed off rear bumper, and a smaller plastic radio antenna on the rear of the roof. "Nighthawk Black" was added to the list of paint choices, while "Passion Orange" disappeared. New dark blue pearl and red pearl shades replaced the former solid red and metallic blue hues. European models received an enlarged Honda emblem on the front grille, and a new metallic yellow paint in certain markets.
In 2000, a Special Edition model was introduced in North America. The SE featured body-colored bumpers and side moldings, a body-colored hard spare tire cover, leather upholstery, CD/cassette audio deck, rear privacy glass, a Navtech navigation system, and chrome grille accent. Until 2001, the CR-V sold more than any other vehicle in its class. The North American models also received new exterior colors including Naples Gold Metallic and Taffeta White. Electron Blue was introduced in 2000 to replace Submarine Blue Pearl, while Satin Silver Metallic replaced Sebring Silver Metallic in 2001. However, that year, sales of the Ford Escape and its clone, the Mazda Tribute, surpassed those of the CR-V.
The Australian higher specification model was called the "Sport". It was added at the time of the first facelift and included body-colored bumpers, mirrors, door handles, and hard rear spare wheel cover. It also included alloy wheels, roof rails, and a large glass sunroof. The CR-V became the country's best-selling SUV in 2000, outselling the Toyota Landcruiser for the first time.
Second generation (2002–2006)Edit
|Second generation (RD4–RD9)|
Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines
Wuhan, China (Dongfeng Honda)
|Designer||Mitsuhiro Honda (1999)|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Honda Civic (seventh generation)|
Honda Integra DC5
|Engine||2.0 L K20A1 I4 |
2.0 L K20A4 I4
2.2 L N22A2 turbodiesel I4
2.4 L K24A1 I4
|Wheelbase||2,620 mm (103 in)|
2,625 mm (103.3 in) (post-facelift)
|Length||4,535 mm (178.5 in)|
4,600 mm (180 in) (post-facelift)
|Width||1,785 mm (70.3 in)|
|Height||1,680 mm (66 in) 2002–2004|
1,700 mm (67 in) 2002–2004 2WD
1,750 mm (69 in) 2002–2004 4WD
1,759 mm (69.3 in) 2005–2006 2WD
1,780 mm (70 in) 2005–2006 4WD
1,800 mm (71 in) 2005–2006 2WD/4WD
The bigger and heavier second generation CR-V (Chassis Code RD4-RD8) was a full redesign, based on the seventh generation Civic, and powered by the K24A1 engine. South East Asian models produced 150 hp (110 kW) of power and 190 N⋅m (140 lbf⋅ft) while the North American versions of the new engine produced 160 hp (120 kW) and 190 N⋅m (140 lbf⋅ft) of torque. Per new SAE regulations, the same North American K24A1 engine is now rated at 156 hp (116 kW) and 160 lb⋅ft (220 N⋅m). The new CR-V retained the fuel economy of the previous model because of the i-VTEC system. The new chassis had increased torsional and bending rigidity, the suspension included front toe control link MacPherson struts and a rear reactive-link double wishbone; the compact rear suspension increased cargo space to 72 cu ft (2,000 l). The second generation CR-V was Car and Driver magazine's Best Small SUV for 2002 and 2003. Second generation CR-Vs in countries outside of North America were again offered in both "low specification" and "high specification" variants, with the latter featuring body-colored bumpers and fittings. It also now did not require the glass hatch to be opened before the swinging door. Changes between model years 2002, 2003, and 2004 were minor, involving an enlargement of the center compartment bin and the addition of a front passenger door power lock in the latter two years respectively.
It is reported that in late 2003, Honda took legal action against Shuanghuan of China accusing its Laibao SRV of copying the CR-V's exterior design. Another manufacturer from China made a copy called the Tianqi Meiya TM6480A.
In 2005, the CR-V received a mid-cycle refresh. New 16 inch wheels replaced the previous 15 inch versions. Changes included new taillights and headlights with clear indicators and two separate H1 bulbs for low beams and high beams, the previous setup used H4 single bulb for both low and high beams. The taillights now used clear lenses instead of amber for the turning indicators. The grille was also changed; it had two horizontal bars instead of one. The front bumper design was slightly changed, it now has round fog lights compared to the previous trapezium fog lights and in addition to the lower grill there are two horizontal bars instead of one. The rear bumper reflectors were longer and narrower.
On the inside of the car, the EX trim received upgrades which included steering wheel-mounted audio controls and an outside temperature monitor. The stereo system was also XM Satellite Radio ready (USA but not Canada). All CR-V models also had revised rear seat headrests, which had been redesigned to reduce rear view blockage.
Mechanically, the 2005 model was also changed. A major change included a drive-by-wire throttle for all CR-Vs. The all-wheel drive system was improved; it had been tuned to activate faster in low traction situations. US market models were equipped with a five-speed automatic, as opposed to the previous four-speed automatic.
In the United States and Canada, all 2005 MY and later CR-Vs have anti-lock brakes, electronic brake force distribution, traction control and Vehicle Stability Assist, front seat-mounted side airbags, and side-curtain airbags with rollover sensors for all occupants.
In Australia, the MY05 facelift went on sale in late 2004. Base models made do with only dual airbags and ABS as standard equipment, while the Sport came equipped with side airbags for the first time. Curtain airbags were unavailable on any model, until the next generation.
Following the tradition of adding a trim level above the EX during the refresh like the first generation CR-V, Honda added the SE trim level for the 2005 CR-V. The CR-V SE featured painted bumpers, body side molding, and hard, body-colored spare tire cover. For a more luxurious experience, Honda added a leather interior, leather-wrapped steering wheel, and heated side mirrors and front seats.
Third generation (2007–2011)Edit
The third generation CR-V went on sale in the U.S. in late September 2006 for the 2007 model year. Unlike preceding models it features a rear liftgate rather than a side-opening rear door and no longer has the spare tire mounted on the rear door.
The third generation CR-V was powered by Honda's standard K-series 2.4 L inline-four engine. In North American markets, this engine's power is rated at 166 hp (124 kW) at 5,800 rpm and 161 lb⋅ft (218 N⋅m) at 4,200 rpm. A 2.2 L i-CTDI diesel engine was offered in the European and Asian markets. The European market CR-V had the R20A 2.0 L gasoline engine, based on the Honda R-series i-VTEC SOHC engine found in the Honda Civic, as opposed to the previous CR-V offering the K20A.
For the 2010 model year, the CR-V received style, powertrain, and equipment changes. Changes included a redesigned front fascia with a new horizontal-slat chrome grille and honeycomb-designed lower front grille, new front bumper, and revised taillights. The rear bumper was redesigned, as well as new five split-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels for EX and EX-L models. The interior received minor changes, including seat fabrics, as well as wider driver and front-passenger armrests. The audio head unit controls were altered and the information display backlighting in the gauges was changed to blue, instead of the previous black. A USB audio input became standard in the EX-L trim while hands-free Bluetooth connectivity was exclusive to the EX-L trim equipped with navigation system. In 2011, a mid-level SE trim debuted with a 6-disc CD changer and 17-inch 7-spoke alloy wheels that came from the pre-facelift EX and EX-L trims.
Fourth generation (2012–2016)Edit
The CR-V Concept debuted at the Orange County International Auto Show in September 2011, the production 2012 CR-V debuted at the 2011 Los Angeles Auto Show. The CR-V went on sale in the U.S. on December 15, 2011. In some European countries, the fourth generation model is still being sold.
It is powered with a 2.4-liter i-VTEC inline-four engine that puts out 185 hp and 163 pound-feet (220 Nm) of torque at 4,400 rpm along with an all-new Real-Time all-wheel-drive (AWD) with intelligent control system. All North American Honda CR-Vs come equipped with a 5-speed automatic transmission.
The facelifted 2015 model year CR-V went on sale during October 2014. The CR-V uses the direct injected "Earth Dreams" engine and continuously variable transmission (CVT) transmission combination first introduced on the ninth generation Accord, EPA estimated fuel economy is improved +4/+3/+3 mpg (city/highway/combined). The structure has been modified to improve crash performance, particularly in the IIHS's small offset crash test. The suspension shock absorbers, springs, anti-roll bars and lower control arms are also revised to improve ride performance, while a reduced 15.6:1 steering gear ratio and larger brake booster gives it a sportier feel.
Fifth generation (2017–present)Edit
|Fifth generation (RW1–RW6)|
|Assembly||East Liberty, Ohio, United States (ELAP)|
Greensburg, Indiana, United States (HMIN)
El Salto, Jalisco, Mexico (Honda Mexico)
Sayama, Saitama, Japan
Ayutthaya, Thailand (Honda Ayutthaya Plant)
Alliston, Ontario, Canada (HCM)
Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia
Wuhan, China (Dongfeng Honda)
Greater Noida, India (Honda India)
Karawang, Indonesia (Honda Prospect Motor)
|Body and chassis|
Honda Civic (tenth generation)
|Engine||2.4 L K24W I4 |
1.5 L L15B7 I4 (turbo)
2.0 L R20A I4
1.6 L N16 i-DTEC I4 (turbo-diesel)
|Transmission||Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) |
9-speed ZF automatic (diesel)
|Wheelbase||104.7 in (2,659 mm)|
|Length||180.6 in (4,587 mm)|
|Width||73.0 in (1,854 mm)|
|Height||66.1 in (1,679 mm) (FWD) |
66.5 in (1,689 mm) (AWD)
|Curb weight||1500-1540 Kg (3307–3397) lbs (FWD) |
1551-1593 Kg (3421–3512) lbs (AWD)
The fifth generation CR-V was unveiled in October 2016 in Detroit. Sales began on December 21, 2016 as a 2017 model year. It uses the same Honda compact global platform introduced on the 10th generation Civic.
The base (LX) (exclude LX in Canada) trim is powered by an Earth Dreams 2.4-liter I-4 engine with 184 hp (137 kW; 187 PS), premium trims (all trims in Canada) are equipped with a 1.5-liter turbocharged I-4 with 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS). The turbocharged engine delivers peak torque at 2,000rpm-5,000rpm whereas the naturally-aspirated engine delivers its peak torque at 3,900rpm. US and Canada models are only available with CVT transmissions.
The Honda Sensing package, which includes features like Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), Collision Mitigation Braking (CMBS) and Lane Keeping Assist (LKAS), are standard on EX and above trims; the package was formerly reserved to the Touring trim prior to the 5th gen release. New safety features introduced include: Blind Spot Information (BSI) with Rear Cross Traffic Monitor (CTM), replacing the LaneWatch system from the previous generation CR-V, and Auto High Beam (HSS) headlights.
LED daytime-running lights, 18" Alloy Wheels, and electronic parking brake with a new auto-hold feature , are now standard on EX and up trim levels (electronic parking brake with a new auto-hold feature is included in all trims in Canada). Additional, new features include a power lift-gate, active grille shutter system to reduce aerodynamic drag, Android Auto/Apple CarPlay on an updated 7-inch touch screen display with volume knob, 7-inch TFT instrument display and LED headlights.
The fifth generation CR-V was also launched in Thailand on March 24, 2017, and in Indonesia on April 27, 2017 at the 25th Indonesia International Motor Show. Indonesian models went on sale on June 17, 2017. The ASEAN models (excluding Indonesia and Malaysia) are available with a 1.6-liter Honda i-DTEC turbodiesel option (producing 160 horsepower and 350Nm of torque) paired to a ZF 9HP transversely-mounted 9-speed automatic transmission. The i-DTEC turbodiesel engine has been revised from having a single variable-nozzle turbocharger in the earlier version to having two turbochargers - one for low RPMs and the other for high RPMs - to minimise turbo lag. It uses an aluminum cylinder head paired to an open-deck cylinder block, with shorter and thinner piston skirts to reduce mechanical friction to levels comparable to a gasoline engine.
In Malaysia, four models are offered to the consumer which are:
- Honda CR-V 2.0 2WD SOHC i-VTEC
- Honda CR-V 1.5 TC 2WD DOHC VTEC TURBO
- Honda CR-V 1.5 TC 4WD DOHC VTEC TURBO
- Honda CR-V 1.5 TC-P 2WD DOHC VTEC TURBO
The fifth generation CR-V was also launched in Japan on August 30, 2018, and went on sale on the next day, making it the return of the CR-V for the Japanese domestic market after a two-year hiatus since the fourth generation CR-V was discontinued there in August 2016. It was previously displayed on October 27, 2017 at the 2017 Tokyo Motor Show, announced on September 29, 2017.
|2.4L I4||184 hp (137 kW) @ 6,400 rpm||180 lb⋅ft (240 N⋅m) @ 3,900 rpm|
|1.5L I4 Turbo||190 hp (140 kW) @ 5,600 rpm||179 lb⋅ft (243 N⋅m) @ 2,200 rpm|
|2.0L I4||152 hp (113 kW) @ 6,500 rpm||139 lb⋅ft (188 N⋅m) @ 4,300 rpm|
|1.6L I4 Turbo Diesel||160 hp (120 kW) @ 4,000 rpm||258 lb⋅ft (350 N⋅m) @ 2,000 rpm.|
|Side Pole Driver:|
|Rollover FWD:||/ 16.3%|
|Rollover AWD:||/ 16.2%|
- "Honda CR-V Model Details". NADAguides. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
Debuting in Japan for the 1996 model year, the five-passenger compact utility vehicle Honda CR-V was introduced to North America in early 1997.
- Stein, Jason (17 July 2005). "GM planning to beef up its lineup of small sport wagons by '08". Autoweek. Automotive News. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
since the 1996 U.S. debut of the RAV4. The Honda CR-V hit the market a year later.
- "Honda Announces a Full Model Change for the CR-V" (Press release). Honda Worldwide. 18 September 2001. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
The initials CR-V stand for "Comfortable Runabout Vehicle".
- "Fact Book: Press Information CR-V Concept" (Press release) (in Japanese). Honda Japan. 18 September 2001. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
心地よく自由に走り回れる乗り物”＝Comfortable Runabout Vehicle
- "Cr-v 1995.10". Fact Book: Press Information (Press release) (in Japanese). Honda Japan. 9 October 1995. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
Comfortable Runabout Vehicle «CR-V»
- Simister, John (15 September 2012). "It's a better CR-V in every way..." The Independent. London. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
This is Honda's fourth car to wear the CR-V initials that stand for Compact Recreational Vehicle.Republished as "It's a better CR-V in every way..." (Press Reviews). Honda UK. 16 September 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
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