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The Hokkoku Kaidō (北国街道, Hokkoku Kaidō) was a highway in Japan during the Edo period. It was a secondary route, ranked below the Edo Five Routes in importance. Because it was developed for travelers going to Zenkō-ji, it was also called Zenkō-ji Kaidō (善光寺街道). It stretched from the Nakasendō's Oiwake-juku to the Hokurikudō's Takada-shuku. Nowadays, the route is traced by Route 18, stretching between the town of Karuizawa and the city of Jōetsu.

Although it ranked below the five major routes, the Hokkoku Kaidō was an important link between the Kantō region and the Sea of Japan side of Honshu. It carried marine products and gold from the mines on Sado. Daimyō from the Hokuriku region travelled it on their sankin kōtai journeys between their feifs and Edo.[1]

Stations of the Hokkoku KaidōEdit

Though there were 25 post stations along the Hokkoku Kaidō, some of the stations were paired stations (合宿, aijuku).[2] Additionally, Nezumi-shuku and Shinonoi Oiwake-shuku were mid stations (ai no shuku (間宿), at which stayovers were not permitted, reducing the number where travellers could stay to 17. The stations are divided by present-day prefectures below, with the municipality in parentheses.[3]

Nagano PrefectureEdit

Starting Location: Oiwake-juku (追分宿) (Karuizawa, Kitasaku District)
1. Komoro-shuku (小諸宿) (Komoro)
2. Tanaka-juku (田中宿) and Unno-juku (海野宿) (Tōmi)
3. Ueda-shuku (上田宿) (Ueda)
4. Sakaki-shuku (坂木宿) (Sakaki, Hanishina District)
5. Kami Kurashina-shuku (上戸倉宿) and Shimo Kurashina-juku (下戸倉宿) (Chikuma)
6. Yashiro-shuku (屋代宿) (Chikuma)
  • Shinonoi Oiwake-shuku (篠ノ井追分宿) (Nagano)
7. Tanbajima-shuku (丹波島宿) (Nagano)
8. Zenkōji-shuku (善光寺宿) (Nagano)
9. Shinmachi-shuku (新町宿) (Nagano)
10. Mure-juku (牟礼宿) (Iizuna, Kamiminochi District)
11. Furuma-shuku (古間宿) and Kashiwabara-juku (柏原宿) (Shinano, Kamiminochi District)
12. Nojiri-shuku (野尻宿) (Shinano, Kamiminochi District)

Niigata PrefectureEdit

13. Sekigawa-shuku (関川宿) and Uehara-juku (上原宿) (Myōkō)
14. Tagiri-shuku (田切宿) and Futamata-juku (二俣宿) (Myōkō)
15. Sekiyama-shuku (関山宿) (Myōkō)
16. Matsuzaki-shuku (松崎宿) and Nippongi-juku (二本木宿) (Nakagō-ku, Jōetsu)
17. Arai-shuku (荒井宿) (Myōkō)
Ending Location: Takada-shuku (高田宿) (Jōetsu)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "北国街道" [Hokkoku Kaidō]. www.jinriki (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2016-12-19. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  2. ^ Aijuku: Two or more inns that operated alternately, in areas where there was not enough traffic to support a full-time station.
  3. ^ Shinshū no Kaidō Hōmon: Hokkoku Kaidō. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Accessed August 18, 2007.