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53 Stations of the Tōkaidō

Stations of the TōkaidōEdit

There were originally 53 government post stations along the Tōkaidō, where travelers had to present traveling permits at each station if wanting to cross. All of the stations, in addition to the starting and ending locations (which are shared with the Nakasendō), are listed below in order. The stations are divided by their present-day prefecture and include the name of their present-day city/town/village/districts, with historic provinces listed below.

TokyoEdit

 
Nihonbashi's highway distance marker, from which modern highway distances are measured
 
Odawara-juku in the 1830s, as depicted by Hiroshige in The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō.
 
The countryside around Yui-shuku in the 1830s
 
Kanaya-juku bordering the Ōi River in the 1830s
 
Fujikawa-shuku in the 1830s
 
Ishiyakushi-juku in the 1830s
 
Seki-juku in the 1830s
Starting Location: Nihonbashi (Chūō-ku)
1. Shinagawa-juku (Shinagawa)

Kanagawa PrefectureEdit

2. Kawasaki-juku (Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki)
3. Kanagawa-juku (Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama)
4. Hodogaya-juku (Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama)
5. Totsuka-juku (Totsuka-ku, Yokohama)
6. Fujisawa-shuku (Fujisawa)
7. Hiratsuka-juku (Hiratsuka)
8. Ōiso-juku (Ōiso, Naka District)
9. Odawara-juku (Odawara)
10. Hakone-juku (Hakone, Ashigarashimo District)

Shizuoka PrefectureEdit

11. Mishima-shuku (Mishima)
12. Numazu-juku (Numazu)
13. Hara-juku (Numazu)
14. Yoshiwara-juku (Fuji)
15. Kanbara-juku (Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka)
16. Yui-shuku (Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka)
17. Okitsu-juku (Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka)
18. Ejiri-juku (Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka)
19. Fuchū-shuku (Aoi-ku, Shizuoka)
20. Mariko-juku (Suruga-ku, Shizuoka)
21. Okabe-juku (Fujieda)
22. Fujieda-juku (Fujieda)
23. Shimada-juku (Shimada)
24. Kanaya-juku (Shimada)
25. Nissaka-shuku (Kakegawa)
26. Kakegawa-juku (Kakegawa)
27. Fukuroi-juku (Fukuroi)
28. Mitsuke-juku (Iwata)
29. Hamamatsu-juku (Naka-ku, Hamamatsu)
30. Maisaka-juku (Nishi-ku, Hamamatsu)
31. Arai-juku (Kosai)
32. Shirasuka-juku (Kosai)

Aichi PrefectureEdit

33. Futagawa-juku (Toyohashi)
34. Yoshida-juku (Toyohashi)
35. Goyu-shuku (Toyokawa)
36. Akasaka-juku (Toyokawa)
37. Fujikawa-shuku (Okazaki)
38. Okazaki-shuku (Okazaki) (also part of the Shio no Michi)
39. Chiryū-juku (Chiryū)
40. Narumi-juku (Midori-ku, Nagoya)
41. Miya-juku (Atsuta-ku, Nagoya)

Mie PrefectureEdit

42. Kuwana-juku (Kuwana)
43. Yokkaichi-juku (Yokkaichi)
44. Ishiyakushi-juku (Suzuka)
45. Shōno-juku (Suzuka)
46. Kameyama-juku (Kameyama)
47. Seki-juku (Kameyama)
48. Sakashita-juku (Kameyama)

Shiga PrefectureEdit

49. Tsuchiyama-juku (Kōka)
50. Minakuchi-juku (Kōka)
51. Ishibe-juku (Konan)
52. Kusatsu-juku (Kusatsu) (also part of the Nakasendō)
53. Ōtsu-juku (Ōtsu) (also part of the Nakasendō)

Kyoto PrefectureEdit

Ending Location: Sanjō Ōhashi (Kyoto)

Ōsaka KaidōEdit

In 1619, the Ōsaka Kaidō (大阪街道) was developed to extend the Tōkaidō so that it would reach Kōraibashi in modern-day Osaka. Instead of going to Sanjō Ōhashi, travelers would leave from Ōtsu-juku and travel towards Fushimi-juku. Because of the addition of these four post towns, the Tōkaidō is occasionally referred to as having 57 stations. Another name for this extension was Kyōkaidō (京街道).

Kyoto PrefectureEdit

 
A boat going down the Yodo River towards Kōraibashi.
54. Fushimi-juku (Fushimi-ku, Kyoto)
55. Yodo-juku (Fushimi-ku, Kyoto)

Osaka PrefectureEdit

56. Hirakata-juku (Hirakata)
57. Moriguchi-juku (Moriguchi)
Ending location: Kōraibashi (Chūō-ku, Osaka)

By historical provincesEdit

During the Edo period, when the Tōkaidō was established, it ran through the following ten historical provinces of Japan.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Louis Frédéric; Käthe Roth (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 973. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5..

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit