53 Stations of the Tōkaidō

The 53 Stations of the Tōkaidō (東海道五十三次, Tōkaidō Gojūsan-tsugi) are the rest areas along the Tōkaidō, which was a coastal route that ran from Nihonbashi in Edo (modern-day Tokyo) to Sanjō Ōhashi in Kyoto.[1] There were originally 53 government post stations along the Tōkaidō, where travelers had to present traveling permits at each station if wanting to cross.

The Tōkaidō in 1865.

In 1619, the Ōsaka Kaidō (大阪街道) was developed to extend the Tōkaidō so that it would reach Kōraibashi in modern-day Osaka. Instead of going to Sanjō Ōhashi, travelers would leave from Ōtsu-juku and travel towards Fushimi-juku. Because of the addition of these four post towns, the Tōkaidō is occasionally referred to as having 57 stations. Another name for this extension was Kyōkaidō (京街道).

The inland Nakasendō also started at Nihonbashi, and converged with the Tōkaidō at Kusatsu-juku. Shio no Michi intersected with the Tōkaidō at Okazaki-shuku.

Stations of the TōkaidōEdit

 
Nihonbashi's highway distance marker, from which modern highway distances are measured
 
Odawara-juku in the 1830s, as depicted by Hiroshige in The Fifty-three Stations of the Tōkaidō.
 
The countryside around Yui-shuku in the 1830s
 
Kanaya-juku bordering the Ōi River in the 1830s
 
Fujikawa-shuku in the 1830s
 
Ishiyakushi-juku in the 1830s
 
Seki-juku in the 1830s
 
A boat going down the Yodo River towards Kōraibashi.
No. Name Japanese Station
(km)
Distance
(km)
Historical Location Modern Location
Province District Prefecture Municipality
Nihonbashi 日本橋 0.0 0.0 Musashi Toshima Tokyo Chūō
1 Shinagawa-juku 品川宿 7.9 7.9 Ebara Shinagawa
2 Kawasaki-juku 川崎宿 9.8 17.7 Tachibana Kanagawa Kawasaki
3 Kanagawa-juku 神奈川宿 9.8 27.5 Yokohama
4 Hodogaya-juku 程ヶ谷宿 4.9 32.4
5 Totsuka-juku 戸塚宿 8.8 41.2 Sagami Kamakura
6 Fujisawa-shuku 藤沢宿 7.9 49.1 Kōza Fujisawa
7 Hiratsuka-juku 平塚宿 13.7 62.8 Ōsumi Hiratsuka
8 Ōiso-juku 大磯宿 2.9 65.8 Yurugi Ōiso
9 Odawara-juku 小田原宿 15.7 81.5 Ashinoshimo Odawara
10 Hakone-juku 箱根宿 16.6 98.1 Hakone
11 Mishima-shuku 三島宿 14.8 112.9 Izu Kimisawa Shizuoka Mishima
12 Numazu-juku 沼津宿 5.9 118.8 Suruga Suntō Numazu
13 Hara-juku 原宿 5.9 124.7
14 Yoshiwara-juku 吉原宿 11.8 136.5 Fuji Fuji
15 Kanbara-juku 蒲原宿 11.2 147.7 Ihara Shizuoka
16 Yui-shuku 由比宿 3.9 151.6
17 Okitsu-juku 興津宿 9.2 160.8
18 Ejiri-juku 江尻宿 4.1 164.9
19 Fuchū-shuku 府中宿 10.6 175.5 Udo
20 Mariko-juku 鞠子宿 5.7 181.2
21 Okabe-juku 岡部宿 7.9 189.0 Shida Fujieda
22 Fujieda-juku 藤枝宿 6.8 195.8
23 Shimada-juku 島田宿 8.7 204.5 Shimada
24 Kanaya-juku 金谷宿 3.9 208.4 Tōtōmi Haibara
25 Nissaka-shuku 日坂宿 6.5 215.0 Saya Kakegawa
26 Kakegawa-juku 掛川宿 7.1 222.1
27 Fukuroi-juku 袋井宿 9.6 231.7 Yamana Fukuroi
28 Mitsuke-juku 見附宿 5.9 237.6 Iwata Iwata
29 Hamamatsu-juku 浜松宿 16.5 254.0 Fuchi Hamamatsu
30 Maisaka-juku 舞阪宿 10.9 265.0
31 Arai-juku 新居宿 5.9 270.8 Kosai
32 Shirasuka-juku 白須賀宿 6.5 277.4 Hamana
33 Futagawa-juku 二川宿 5.8 283.2 Mikawa Atsumi Aichi Toyohashi
34 Yoshida-juku 吉田宿 6.1 289.3
35 Goyu-shuku 御油宿 10.3 299.5 Hoi Toyokawa
36 Akasaka-juku 赤坂宿 1.7 301.3
37 Fujikawa-shuku 藤川宿 8.8 310.1 Nukata Okazaki
38 Okazaki-shuku 岡崎宿 6.7 316.8
39 Chiryū-juku 池鯉鮒宿 15.0 331.8 Hekikai Chiryū
40 Narumi-juku 鳴海宿 11.1 342.9 Owari Aichi Nagoya
41 Miya-juku 宮宿 6.5 349.4
42 Kuwana-juku 桑名宿 27.5 376.9 Ise Kuwana Mie Kuwana
43 Yokkaichi-juku 四日市宿 12.7 389.6 Mie Yokkaichi
44 Ishiyakushi-juku 石薬師宿 10.8 400.4 Suzuka Suzuka
45 Shōno-juku 庄野宿 2.7 403.1
46 Kameyama-juku 亀山宿 7.9 411.0 Kameyama
47 Seki-juku 関宿 5.9 416.9
48 Sakashita-juku 坂下宿 6.5 423.4
49 Tsuchiyama-juku 土山宿 9.8 433.2 Ōmi Kōka Shiga Kōka
50 Minakuchi-juku 水口宿 10.6 443.8
51 Ishibe-juku 石部宿 13.7 457.5 Konan
52 Kusatsu-juku 草津宿 11.8 469.3 Kurita Kusatsu
53 Ōtsu-juku 大津宿 14.4 483.7 Shiga Ōtsu
Sanjō Ōhashi 三条大橋 11.8 495.5 Yamashiro Otagi Kyoto Kyoto
Ōsaka Kaidō (from Ōtsu-juku)
53 Ōtsu-juku 大津宿 0.0 483.7 Ōmi Shiga Shiga Ōtsu
54 Fushimi-juku 伏見宿 16.6 500.3 Yamashiro Kii Kyoto Kyoto
55 Yodo-juku 淀宿 5.5 505.8 Kuse
56 Hirakata-juku 枚方宿 13.1 518.8 Kawachi Matta Osaka Hirakata
57 Moriguchi-juku 守口宿 11.8 530.6 Moriguchi
Kōraibashi 高麗橋 15.7 546.3 Settsu Nishinari Osaka

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Louis Frédéric; Käthe Roth (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 973. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5..

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit