Shinagawa

Shinagawa (品川区, Shinagawa-ku) is a special ward in Tokyo, Japan. The Ward refers to itself as Shinagawa City in English. The Ward is home to ten embassies.

Shinagawa

品川区
Shinagawa City
Meguro River at Ōsaki, Shinagawa
Meguro River at Ōsaki, Shinagawa
Flag of Shinagawa
Flag
Official seal of Shinagawa
Seal
Location of Shinagawa in Tokyo Metropolis
Location of Shinagawa in Tokyo Metropolis
Shinagawa is located in Japan
Shinagawa
Shinagawa
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°36′N 139°44′E / 35.600°N 139.733°E / 35.600; 139.733Coordinates: 35°36′N 139°44′E / 35.600°N 139.733°E / 35.600; 139.733
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureTokyo Metropolis
Area
 • Total22.84 km2 (8.82 sq mi)
Population
 (April 1, 2016)
 • Total380,293
 • Density16,510/km2 (42,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address2-1-36 Hiromachi,
Shinagawa-ku, Tōkyō-to
140-8715
Websitewww.city.shinagawa.tokyo.jp
Symbols
BirdChroicocephalus ridibundus
FlowerRhododendron indicum
TreeCastanopsis
Acer

As of 1 April 2016, the Ward had an estimated population of 380,293 and a population density of 16,510 persons per km2. The total area is 22.84 km2.[1]

Shinagawa is also commonly used to refer to the business district around Shinagawa Station, which is not in Shinagawa Ward. This Shinagawa is in the Takanawa and Konan neighborhoods of Minato Ward, directly north of Kita-Shinagawa.

GeographyEdit

Shinagawa Ward includes natural uplands and lowlands, as well as reclaimed land. The uplands are the eastern end of the Musashino Terrace. They include Shiba-Shirokanedai north of the Meguro River, Megurodai between the Meguro and Tachiai Rivers, and Ebaradai south of the Tachiai River.

The Ward lies on Tokyo Bay. Its neighbors on land are all special wards of Tokyo: Kōtō to the east, Minato to the north, Meguro to the west, and Ōta to the south.

Districts and neighborhoodsEdit

Shinagawa Ward consists of five areas, each consisting of multiple districts and neighborhoods:

  • Shinagawa District, including the former Shinagawa-juku on the Tōkaidō.
  • Ōsaki (大崎) District, formerly a town of that name, stretching from Ōsaki Station to Gotanda and Meguro Stations.
  • Ebara (荏原) District, formerly a town of that name.
  • Ōi (大井) District, formerly a town of that name.
  • Yashio (八潮) District, consisting of reclaimed land, including Higashiyashio on Odaiba.

HistoryEdit

 
Shinagawa-juku in the 1830s, as depicted by Hiroshige

Most of Tokyo east of the Imperial Palace is on reclaimed land. A large proportion of the reclamation took place during the Edo period, when Shinagawa-juku was the first shukuba (post town) in the "53 Stations of the Tōkaidō" that a traveler would reach after setting out from Nihonbashi to Kyoto on the Tōkaidō. The Tokugawa shogunate maintained the Suzugamori execution grounds in Shinagawa.

Following the Meiji Restoration and the abolition of the han system, Shinagawa Prefecture was instituted in 1869. The prefectural administration was to be set up in the Ebara District, but in 1871 Shinagawa Prefecture was integrated into Tokyo Prefecture. In 1932, during the reorganisation of the municipal boundaries of Tokyo City following the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, a smaller version of Shinagawa Ward was created. On March 15, 1947, this was merged with the neighboring Ebara Ward to create the present Shinagawa Ward.

The Ward's historic post-town function is retained today with several large hotels near the train station offering 6,000 rooms, the largest concentration in Tokyo.

The Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed rail line began serving Shinagawa Station in 2003.

Politics and governmentEdit

Shinagawa is run by an assembly of 40 elected members.

Embassies in ShinagawaEdit

EconomyEdit

Corporate headquartersEdit

 
Japan Airlines headquarters in Tennōzu Isle, Shinagawa
 
Sega's main headquarters in Shinagawa

Many companies are headquartered in Shinagawa Ward. Isuzu, a diesel engine and commercial truck manufacturer;[11] JTB Corporation, a major travel agency;[12] Nippon Light Metal, an aluminum and chemical products company;[13] MOS Burger (in the ThinkPark Tower, Ōsaki);[14] Lawson (East Tower of Gate City Ohsaki in Ōsaki),[15] Namco Bandai Holdings;[16] Namco Bandai Games;[17] Banpresto;[18] Rakuten,[19][20] Honda brand Acura;[21][citation needed] Toyo Seikan, a packaging manufacturer;[22] NSK Ltd., a bearing maker;[23] Fuji Electric, an electrical equipment manufacturer;[24] Imagica, a media post-production company;[25] Nippon Chemi-Con, an electronic components manufacturer;[26] Topy Industries, a machinery and automotive components company;[27] Gakken, a publishing and educational services company;[28] Comsys, a telecommunications construction and engineering company;[29] and Pola Cosmetics[30] all have their headquarters within Shinagawa Ward. Marza Animation Planet also has its headquarters in Shinagawa on the 18th floor of the NYK Tennoz Building near Tennōzu Isle Station.[31][32] And recently, since January 2018, Sega, best known for its Sonic the Hedgehog franchise and also the owner of both the Nakano-based TMS Entertainment and (through TMS Entertainment) the aforementioned Marza Animation Planet, has its headquarters in Shinagawa at the Sumitomo Fudosan Osaki Garden Tower near Ōsaki Station.

Japan Airlines (JAL), the head office of its subsidiary JAL Hotels, and registered offices of JAL Express and JALways are located in the Tennōzu Isle area.[33][34][35][36][37] In addition, Jalux, a subsidiary, has its head office in the I·S Building.[38] One group of employees moved into the building on July 26, 2010, and one on August 2, 2010.[39]

Other officesEdit

Other companies maintain branch offices or research facilities in Shinagawa Ward. Sony operates the Gotenyama Technology Center and the Osaki East Technology Center in Shinagawa.[40] Sony used to have its headquarters in Shinagawa.[41] Sony moved to Minato, Tokyo around the end of 2006 and closed the Osaki West Technology Center in Shinagawa around 2007.[42][43] Adobe Systems maintains its Japan headquarters on the 19th Floor of Gate City Ohsaki near Ōsaki Station,[44] while Siemens AG has its Japan offices in Takanawa Park Tower.[45] Phoenix Technologies operates its Japan office on the 8th floor of the Gotanda NN Building in Gotanda.[46] Siemens Japan and Philips also have offices in Shinagawa.[citation needed]Microsoft and ExxonMobil have their Japanese headquarters in Konan, Minato, near Shinagawa.[47]

Former economic operationsEdit

A JAL subsidiary, Japan Asia Airways, was also headquartered in the JAL Building until JAL dissolved it.[48]GEOS, an English language school company, once had its headquarters in Shinagawa.[49] At one time Air Nippon had its headquarters in Shinagawa.[50]

PlacesEdit

 
Honsen-ji
 
Ebara Shrine
 
Site of Hamakawa Gun Battery
 
Shimo-Shimmei Tenso jinjya shrine inari jinja

EducationEdit

 
Tokyo Health Care University

Higher educationEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

Public elementary and junior high schools are operated by the Shinagawa Ward Board of Education. Public high schools are operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education.

TransportEdit

Important railway stationsEdit

 
Exterior of Shinagawa Station in Minato
 
Ōimachi Station at Ōi, Shinagawa

Shinagawa Station is in fact located in neighboring Minato but also serves the northern part of Shinagawa, and is a stop on the high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen line.

RailEdit

RoadEdit

Shinagawa is also home to the main motor vehicle registration facility for central Tokyo (located east of Samezu Station). As a result, many license plates in Tokyo are labeled with the name "Shinagawa."

Major incidents / accidentsEdit

  • 1863 – British Liberines burning case
  • 1964 – Shinagawa Katsushima warehouse explosion fire
  • 1987 – Explosion accident at the Oi thermal power plant
  • 1995 – Death case of arrest and detention of public affairs notary public office

Sister citiesEdit

Shinagawa has sister-city relationships with Auckland in New Zealand, Geneva in Switzerland, and Portland, Maine, in the United States.[71]

OthersEdit

Shinagawa has an educational exchange city (教育交流都市) relationship with Harbin in China,[73] and has concluded "hometown exchange agreements" (ふるさと交流協定) with Hayakawa in Yamanashi Prefecture and Yamakita in Kanagawa Prefecture.[74]

Notable people from ShinagawaEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit