Open main menu

Herøy is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Helgeland traditional region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Silvalen. The municipality is located about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of the town of Sandnessjøen.

Herøy kommune
De syv søstre mountains seen from Herøy
De syv søstre mountains seen from Herøy
Official logo of Herøy kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Herøy within Nordland
Herøy within Nordland
Coordinates: 65°59′55″N 12°13′02″E / 65.99861°N 12.21722°E / 65.99861; 12.21722Coordinates: 65°59′55″N 12°13′02″E / 65.99861°N 12.21722°E / 65.99861; 12.21722
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictHelgeland
Established1864
Administrative centreHerøy
Government
 • Mayor (2003)Arnt Frode Jensen (Ap)
Area
 • Total64.40 km2 (24.86 sq mi)
 • Land63.81 km2 (24.64 sq mi)
 • Water0.59 km2 (0.23 sq mi)  0.9%
Area rank405 in Norway
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,790
 • Rank339 in Norway
 • Density28.1/km2 (73/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
6.4%
Demonym(s)herøfjerding[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1818
Official language formBokmål
Websiteheroy-no.kommune.no

The 64-square-kilometre (25 sq mi) municipality is the 405th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Herøy is the 339th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,790. The municipality's population density is 28.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (73/sq mi) and its population has increased by 6.4% over the last decade.[2][3]

General informationEdit

 
Restroom with a view

The municipality of Herøy was established in 1864 when it was separated from Alstahaug Municipality. Initially the population of Herøy was 2,438. On 1 July 1917, the northern district of Herøy (population: 1,530) was separated from Herøy to become the new municipality of Nordvik. This left Herøy with 2,555 residents.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1962 the part of Herøy on the island of Dønna (population: 19) was transferred to the new municipality of Dønna. On 1 January 1965 the Husvær/Sandværet island groups (population: 461) were transferred from Alstahaug to Herøy.[4]

NameEdit

The municipality is named after the islands of Søndre Herøya and Nordre Herøya (Old Norse: Herøyjar). The first element is herr which means "army" (here in the sense of skipaherr which means "military fleet") and the last element is the definite form of øy which means "island". The sound between the islands was probably a meeting place for the Leidang fleet of the district. Historically, the name was spelled Herø.[5][6]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on 3 July 1987. The arms show three gold-colored oars on a blue background. They symbolize the history of boating in the island municipality, and it also a canting of the name of the municipality which means a place where a fleet gathers.[5]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Herøy. It is part of the Nord-Helgeland prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Herøy
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Herøy Herøy Church Silvalen 12th century
Gåsvær Chapel Gåsvær 1951
Husvær Chapel Husvær 1936
Sandvær Chapel Sandværet 1947

GeographyEdit

 
View of Gåsvær

The municipality of Herøy consists of about 1,700 little islands and islets. The main islands are Nord-Herøy, Sør-Herøy, Tenna, Ytre Øksningan, Indre Øksningan, Seløya, and Staulen— all of which are connected by bridges including Åkviksundet Bridge, Hoholmen Bridge, Kalvøyrevet Bridge. Most islands are low and close to the sea surface.[7]

There are also several smaller outlying island groups such as Gåsvær, Husvær, and Sandværet. Ytterholmen Lighthouse is located in the far western part of the municipality.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Herøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Alstahaug District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Herøy is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[9]

Herøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Local Lists (Lokale lister)2
Total number of members:19

EconomyEdit

The main industries in the municipality is fishing, fish farming and processing activities associated with this. Other important industries are agriculture, transportation, service industries, and tourism.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ a b "Herøys kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 100.
  7. ^ Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2018-08-29). "Herøy – Nordland". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  9. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External linksEdit