Helicarionidae is a family of air-breathing land snails or semi-slugs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Helicarionoidea.[2]

Helicarionidae
Erepta setiliris Reunion 0410.jpg
Five worn shells of Erepta setiliris at Réunion island
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
(unranked):
Superfamily:
Family:
Helicarionidae

DistributionEdit

The distribution of Helicarionidae includes the eastern Palearctic, Malagasy, India, south-eastern Asia, Hawaii, and Australia.[3]

AnatomyEdit

Species of snails within this family make and use love darts made of chitin.

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 21 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[4]

TaxonomyEdit

The following two subfamilies were recognized in the taxonomy of Bouchet & Rocroi (2005):[2]

  • subfamily Helicarioninae Bourguignat, 1877 - synonyms: Pseudotrochatellinae A. J. Wagner, 1905;[5] Ereptinae Godwin-Austen, 1908;[6] Xestinae Gude & B. B. Woodward, 1921;[7] Sesarinae Thiele, 1931;[8] Nitoridae Iredale, 1937;[9] Epiglyptidae Iredale, 1944;[10] Gudeoconchidae Iredale, 1944[10]
  • subfamily Durgellinae Godwin-Austen, 1888[11]
    • tribe Durgellini Godwin-Austen, 1888 - synonyms: Sitalinae Godwin-Austen, 1900;[12] Sophininae W. Blanford & Godwin-Austen, 1908;[13] Satiellini Schileyko, 2003[14]
    • tribe Girasiini Collinge, 1902[15]

GeneraEdit

Genera within the family Helicarionidae include:

subfamily Helicarioninae

subfamily Durgellinae

subfamily ?

CladogramEdit

The following cladogram shows the phylogenic relationships of this family to other families within the limacoid clade:[3]

 limacoid clade 
 Staffordioidea 

Staffordiidae

 Dyakioidea 

Dyakiidae

 Gastrodontoidea 

Pristilomatidae

Chronidae

Euconulidae

Trochomorphidae

Gastrodontidae

Oxychilidae

 Parmacelloidea 

Trigonochlamydidae

Parmacellidae

Milacidae

 Zonitoidea 

Zonitidae

 Helicarionoidea 

Helicarionidae

Ariophantidae

Urocyclidae

 Limacoidea 

Vitrinidae

Boettgerillidae

Limacidae

Agriolimacidae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bourguignat J. R. (1877). "Description de deux nouveaux genres algériens, suive d'une classification des families et des genres de Mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles du système européen". Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Physiques et Naturelles de Toulouse 3(1): 49-101. page 64.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997.
  3. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  4. ^ G. M. Barker (2001). The Biology of Terrestrial Molluscs. CABI. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-85199-318-8.
  5. ^ Wagner A. J. (1905). Denkschriften der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften 77: 365.
  6. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1908). "On the Animals of Genera and Species of Mascarene Land-Mollusca belonging to the family Zonitidae, collected by Monsieur E. Dupont". Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8)2: 422-436. 432. Plate 9-11.
  7. ^ Gude G. P. L. K. & Woodward B. B. (1921). "On Helicella, Férussac". Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 14(5-6): 174-190. page 185.
  8. ^ Thiele (1931). Handbuch der systematischen Weichtierkunde 1(2): 620.
  9. ^ Iredale T. (1937). The Australian Zoologist 9(1): 2.
  10. ^ a b Iredale T. (1944). The Australian Zoologist 10(3): page 326 and page 328.
  11. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1888). Land and freshwater Mollusca of India 1(6): 253.
  12. ^ Godwin-Austen H. H. (1900). In: Sykes Mollusca. In: Sharp (ed.) Fauna Hawaiiensis 2(4): 283.
  13. ^ Blanford W. T. & Godwin-Austen H. H. (1908). The fauna of British India. Mollusca. Testacellidae and Zonitidae, page 283.
  14. ^ Schileyko (2003). Treatise on Recent terrestrial pulmonate molluscs, part 10: 1319.
  15. ^ Collinge (1902). The Journal of Malacology 9(3): 71, 73.
  16. ^ Bank, R. (2017). Kalidos Gude, 1911. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=996393 on 2017-11-05
  17. ^ Ho Wai Hoong "A Review Of The Land-Snail Fauna Of Singapore" The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 1995 43(1): 91-113

External linksEdit