Open main menu

Milacidae is a family of air-breathing, keeled, land slugs. These are shell-less terrestrial gastropod mollusks in the superfamily Parmacelloidea.

Milacidae
Tandonia budapestensis.jpg
Tandonia budapestensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
(unranked):
Superfamily:
Family:
Milacidae

Ellis, 1926
Diversity[1][2]
2 genera, about 50 species,

less than 50 species

This family has no subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).

Contents

DistributionEdit

The distribution of the Milacidae includes the western Palearctic.[3]

AnatomyEdit

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 31 and 35 (according to the values in this table).[4]

GeneraEdit

Genera within the family Milacidae include:

CladogramEdit

The following cladogram shows the phylogenic relationships of this family to the other families in the limacoid clade:[3]


 limacoid clade 
 Staffordioidea 

Staffordiidae

 Dyakioidea 

Dyakiidae

 Gastrodontoidea 

Pristilomatidae

Chronidae

Euconulidae

Trochomorphidae

Gastrodontidae

Oxychilidae

 Parmacelloidea 

Trigonochlamydidae

Parmacellidae

Milacidae

 Zonitoidea 

Zonitidae

 Helicarionoidea 

Helicarionidae

Ariophantidae

Urocyclidae

 Limacoidea 

Vitrinidae

Boettgerillidae

Limacidae

Agriolimacidae

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Polish) Wiktor A. (1989). Limacoidea et Zonitoidea nuda. Slimaki pomrowioksztaltne (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Fauna Poloniae 12, Polska Akademia Nauk, Warszawa, 208 pp., page 184.
  2. ^ Reise H., Hutchinson J. M. C. & Robinson D. G. (2006). "Two introduced pest slugs: Tandonia budapestensis new to the Americas, and Deroceras panormitanum new to the Eastern USA". Veliger 48: 110-115. PDF
  3. ^ a b Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  4. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.

Further readingEdit

  • Schileyko A. A. (2003). "Treatise on recent terrestrial pulmonate mollusks. 10. Ariophantidae, Ostracolethaidae, Ryssotidae, Milacidae, Dyakiidae, Staffordiidae, Gastrodontidae, Zonitidae, Daudebardiidae, Parmacellidae". Ruthenica, Supplement 2. 1309-1466.
  • Wiktor A. (1987). "Milacidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata) — systematic monograph". Annales Zoologici, Warszawa 41: 153-319.

External linksEdit